Classical Civilisation > QUESTION PAPER (QP) > OCR Oxford Cambridge and RSA Friday 10 June 2022 — Afternoon GCSE (9—1) Classical Civilisation J (All)

OCR Oxford Cambridge and RSA Friday 10 June 2022 — Afternoon GCSE (9—1) Classical Civilisation J199/22 Roman city life Insert Time allowed: 1 hour 30 minutes

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SECTION A: Culture Source A: A vase showing two gladiators competing in an amphitheatre Gladiator A Gladiator B Gladiator B’s weapon Vase from the British Museum 3 © OCR 2022 J199/22 Jun22 ... Turn over Source B: Drawings of the tomb of Naevoleia Tyche Source C: Translation of the inscription from the tomb of Naevoleia Tyche ‘Naevoleia Tyche, freedwoman of Lucius Naevoleius, for herself and for Gaius Munatius Faustus, member of the Brotherhood of Augustus and Country District Dweller, to whom the town councillors with the consent of the people decreed an honorific seat for his merits. Naevoleia Tyche built this monument in her lifetime for her freedmen and freedwomen and for those of Gaius Munatius Faustus.’ [CIL X 1030] 4 © OCR 2022 J199/22 Jun22 Source D: A plan of the Central Baths in Herculaneum A Source E: An inscription from Pompeii ‘Thalamus, his client, elects Publius Paquius Proculus duumvir with judicial power.’ (Inscription F14 CIL 933) Source F: A poem by Martial from a client to his patron Paulus If I did not wish and deserve to find you at your home early this morning, Paulus, may your house on the Esquiline Hill be moved further still away from me! But I must struggle up the steep path of the slope, over the dirty stones and the steps that are never dry, and I can scarcely get through the long droves of mules and the marble blocks which you see being dragged by many ropes. What’s even worse is that when I am exhausted after a thousand toils, Paulus, your porter tells me that you are not even at home! That’s the result of my pointless efforts and my poor soaking toga: even to have seen Paulus so early was hardly worth it. Will the dutiful client always cultivate friends that are so neglectful? You cannot rule me, Paulus, unless you sleep longer in the mornings! (Martial, Epigrams 5.22, abbreviated extracts) 5 © OCR 2022 J199/22 Jun22 Turn over SECTION B: Literature Source G: Encolpius and his friends visit Trimalchio’s house Moreover, while I was gawping at everything I almost fell flat on my back and broke my legs. For on the left for those coming in, not far from the porter’s store room, was a huge dog, bound by a chain, drawn on the wall; and above it, in capital letters, was written: BEWARE OF THE DOG. And indeed my companions laughed at me, but I got my breath back and, undeterred, scanned the whole wall. There was a slave market depicted with the price tags and Trimalchio himself (with hair) was holding Mercury’s staff and was entering Rome, led by Minerva. After this was how he had learnt accountancy and then how he was made a treasurer. The attentive painter had reproduced everything carefully, including an inscription. Now indeed, where the colonnade was running out, Mercury was carrying him off, lifted by the chin, to a lofty tribunal. Fortune was there with her abundant horn of plenty, and the three Fates, spinning their golden threads. I also noticed in the colonnade a company of runners exercising with their trainer. Beyond this, in a corner, I saw a large cupboard. Acting as a shrine, some silver Lares had been placed inside it, along with a marble statue of Venus and a golden casket (and not a puny one either). In this, so they said, the beard of the master himself was stored. Therefore I began to ask the porter what pictures they had in the middle. “The Iliad and The Odyssey,” he said, “and Laenas’ show of gladiators.” (Petronius, Dinner Party of Trimalchio 29) 6 © OCR 2022 J199/22 Jun22 Source H: Juvenal describes the dangers of walking in Rome at night The impudent drunk’s annoyed if by chance there’s no one at all To set upon, spending the whole night grieving, like Achilles for His friend, lying now on his face, and then, turning onto his back Since it’s the only way he can tire himself; it takes a brawl or two To send him to sleep. But however worked up he is, fired by youth And neat wine, he steers clear of him in the scarlet cloak, who issues A warning as he goes on his way, with his long retinue of atte [Show More]

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