Psychology > QUESTION PAPER (QP) > Pearson Edexcel Level 1/Level 2 GCSE (9–1) Time 1 hour 45 minutes 1PS0/01 Psychology PAPER 1 (All)

Pearson Edexcel Level 1/Level 2 GCSE (9–1) Time 1 hour 45 minutes 1PS0/01 Psychology PAPER 1

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Pearson Edexcel Level 1/Level 2 GCSE (9–1) Time 1 hour 45 minutes 1PS0/01 Psychology PAPER 1 *P68823RA0240* 2  SECTION A Development – How Did You Develop? Answer ALL question... s. Write your answers in the spaces provided. Some questions must be answered with a cross in a box . If you change your mind about an answer, put a line through the box and then mark your new answer with a cross . 1 Define the term ‘morality’. Use an example in your response. .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... (Total for Question 1 = 2 marks) 2 (a) Identify the age of the children when being video recorded with their parents as part of the study by Gunderson et al. (2013). (1) A 14 months, 22 months, 30 months B 14 months, 18 months, 38 months C 14 months, 26 months, 34 months D 14 months, 26 months, 38 months (b) Identify which parental comment from Gunderson et al. (2013) is an example of process praise. (1) A ‘You must have tried hard’ B ‘Good girl’ C ‘You’re so smart’ D ‘Wow’ (Total for Question 2 = 2 marks) *P68823RA0340* Turn over 3  3 Finlay is a boy who was born with a healthy brain. He likes to dance and run around. His mother has two other children who like to chase Finlay. When he was 18 months old, Finlay fell out of his cot bed in his bedroom and banged his head. He was taken to hospital where they discovered that he had damaged his medulla. Explain one way that Finlay could be affected by the damage to his medulla. You should refer to the role of the medulla in your answer. .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... (Total for Question 3 = 2 marks) *P68823RA0440* 4  4 Georgia is four months old and from England. Her father is playing with her one day with her favourite toy duck, Mrs Duckie. Georgia’s father is ‘quacking’ and she is laughing. She reaches for the toy duck but her father hides the toy duck behind the sofa. Georgia sits still and begins to cry. (a) Explain what Georgia's reaction to her father hiding the toy duck shows regarding her cognitive development. You should refer to Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development in your answer. (2) .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... *P68823RA0540* Turn over 5  (b) Explain one strength and one weakness of using Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development to account for Georgia’s behaviour after her father hides the toy duck. (4) Strength .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Weakness .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... (Total for Question 4 = 6 marks) *P68823RA0640* 6  5 James is a teacher at a school. He wants to see whether social learning can be used to help the social development of his pupils. He splits a group of 10 pupils in half, keeping five of the pupils in his classroom while another teacher takes the other five pupils to their classroom. James shows them how to share and take turns on a scooter and asks them to practise this whilst he watches and supervises them. The other teacher just gives the pupils a scooter and supervises only. This is done once a day for a week. The following week James observes his whole class and gives each of the 10 pupils a score for their ability to share and take turns. The pupils were scored from 1 to 10, where 1 indicated very poor ability to share and take turns and 10 indicated excellent ability to share and take turns. Table 1 shows the scores given to each pupil by James. Supervised by James Supervised by the other teacher Pupil Ability to share and take turns (1–10) Pupil Ability to share and take turns (1–10) A 8 F 4 B 9 G 5 C 8 H 5 D 7 I 4 E 9 J 6 Table 1 (a) Explain one conclusion you could make from Table 1 regarding social learning to improve social development. (2) .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... *P68823RA0740* Turn over 7  (b) Explain one improvement that James could have made to his investigation. (2) .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... (Total for Question 5 = 4 marks) TOTAL FOR SECTION A = 16 MARKS *P68823RA0840* 8  SECTION B Memory – How Does Your Memory Work? Answer ALL questions. Write your answers in the spaces provided. Some questions must be answered with a cross in a box . If you change your mind about an answer, put a line through the box and then mark your new answer with a cross . 6 (a) Identify the recall intervals in Peterson and Peterson (1959). (1) A 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 seconds B 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18 seconds C 4, 7, 10, 13, 16, 19 seconds D 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15 seconds (b) Identify the numbers that participants counted back in before recalling information in Peterson and Peterson (1959). (1) A 1s or 2s B 2s or 3s C 3s or 4s D 4s or 5s (Total for Question 6 = 2 marks) *P68823RA0940* Turn over 9  7 Describe the difference between ‘attention’ and ‘rehearsal’ as part of the memory process. .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... (Total for Question 7 = 2 marks) *P68823RA01040* 10  8 Pablo is investigating the memory of some volunteers. He reads out 20 everyday words and asks his volunteers to write down as many as they could remember after he had finished reading the words. Pablo’s word list is shown in Figure 1. Word list 1. Train 2. Stable 3. Cabbage 4. Mattress 5. Uncle 6. Roof 7. Question 8. Cottage 9. Bargain 10. Finger 11. Landscape 12. Future 13. Velvet 14. Stomach 15. Flower 16. Gossip 17. Chamber 18. Sandal 19. Warehouse 20. Village Figure 1 *P68823RA01140* Turn over 11  A summary of Pablo’s results is shown in Figure 2. A line graph to show the average recall (%) of each word in the word list Average recall (%) 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2019181716151413121110987654321 Position of word on word list Figure 2 (a) Pablo concluded that his findings supported the Multi-Store Model of Memory. Explain one reason why Pablo concluded this. You should refer to the Multi-Store Model of Memory in your answer. (2) .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... *P68823RA01240* 12  (b) Explain one strength and one weakness of Pablo’s i [Show More]

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