Biology > EXAM > EMT FISDAP Midterm Exam Study Guide (Latest 2023 / 2024) - 20215326 (All)

EMT FISDAP Midterm Exam Study Guide (Latest 2023 / 2024) - 20215326

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Earliest documented emergency medical service. - -In 1790 the French began transporting wounded soldiers from the battlefield. -Who developed the first emergency medical standards? - -U.S. Departme... nt of Transportation -What is enhanced 911? - -Dispatchers are able to determine location of the caller. -Minimum level of certification to run on an ambulance crew. - -EMT -Evaluation of patient's condition is done by doing a ___. - -Patient Assessment -Who is responsible for scene safety? - -All crew members -A person who speaks on behalf of the patient. - -The Advocate -Assumes responsibility for all EMTs. - -The Medical Director -Any agent that causes disease is called a ______. - -Pathogen -How is Hepatitis A transmitted? - -Fecal-oral route -What part of the nervous system is responsible for the "fight or flight" response? - -Sympathetic Nervous System -Levels of EMS - -EMR, EMT, AEMT, Paramedic -When lifting a patient, a basic principle is to: - -Know your own limitations -Preferred number of rescuers when using a stair chair. - -3 -Set of limitations that defines the legal actions and limitations placed on the EMT. - -Scope of Practice -Consent given by a school principal to treat a minor on behalf of the parents. - -In loco parentis (in place of the parent) -An EMT's legal and ethical obligation to provide care to a patient. - -Duty to Act -Act that governs patient confidentiality. - -HIPAA -EMTs role at a crime scene. - -Care of the patient -What is anatomy? - -The structures of the human body. -What is physiology? - -The function of the human body. -Sharing information about a patient's history or condition. - -Breach of confidentiality -Medial - -Middle -Lateral - -Outside -Standing erect, facing the observer, with arms down and the palms of the hands facing forward. - -Anatomical Position -Prone - -Face down -Supine - -Face up -Proximal - -Near to -Distal - -Away from -Patient is sitting straight up. - -Fowler's position -Shock is also called _____. - -Hypoperfusion -The two areas of the spine most easily injured. - -Cervical and Lumbar -Arteries always carry blood ______ from the heart. - -away -Veins always care blood _____ the heart. - -towards -The clotting components of blood. - -Platelets -The arteries the feed blood to the heart. - -Coronary arteries -The pressure created by the contraction of the left ventricle - -Systolic -The pressure remaining in the arteries when the left ventricle relaxes. - -Diastolic -The system of the body that produces chemicals and hormones that regulate most of the body's activities and functions. - -Endocrine System -Main function of the liver. - -Detoxifies harmful substances, stores sugar, and assists in the production of blood products. -The most muscular and strongest part of the heart. - -Left Ventricle -Primary organs of the renal system. - -Kidneys -Carries deoxygenated blood to the lungs. - -Pulmonary artery -Carries oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart. - -Pulmonary veins -A source of major airway obstruction in children. - -The tongue -The amount of air the moves in and out of the chest in one normal breathing cycle. - -Tidal volume -Tidal volume x Breaths per minute = ? - -Minute volume -What is ATP? - -The cell's internally created fuel that is responsible for powering all cellular function. -When glucose and other nutrients are converted into energy. - -Cellular Respiration -The byproducts of anaerobic respiration. - -Lactic acid and carbon dioxide -The byproduct of cellular respiration that is removed from the blood and released through exhalation. - -Carbon dioxide -The main control center of respiratory control. - -Medulla Oblongata -Pathway of air from the nose to the alveoli. - -nose, nasopharynx, pharynx, hypopharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs, alveoli. -A condition that is caused by a decreased number of red blood cells. - -Anemia -Respiratory drive is triggered by changes in levels of ___. - -Carbon dioxide -Birth to one year. - -Infancy -A reflex in an newborn where it throws its arms out when started. - -Moro reflex -Age group most concerned with body image - -Adolescence -High-pitched upper airway obstruction. - -Stridor -How to open the airway when a s [Show More]

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