Government Final Exam Study Guide 113 Questions with 100% Correct Answers Who expects Christians to participate in government and not to leave it to unbelievers? - Answer- God What provides a mod... el for modern governments? -Answer- Trinity Humans are unique, being called to exercise _____________ over the world. -Answerdominion Christian should __________ government to maintain a good testimony and because God ordained governments to fulfill certain responsibilities. -Answer- obey Who exhorts believers to pray for government officials? -Answer- Paul Today it is easier for believing Americans to be involved in government than it was for Christians to participate in government during the _____________________________________. -Answer- Roman Empire The scriptures record principles upon which ________________________ should be built. -Answer- governments God's attributes given to man are: -Answer- reason, moral capacity, spiritual nature, sociability Every part of man's being (the mind, will, emotions, etc) has been warped by sin is known as? -Answer- human depravity What are the 3 basic duties of government? -Answer- reward righteousness, punish unrighteousness, protect rights. A system of public rule or authority is known as? -Answer- government The absence of government rule is known as? -Answer- anarchy What is the name for the command for man to reflect the glories of the Maker across creation, back to his fellow man, and finally back to God? -Answer- Creation Mandate What the blindfolded statue of Justice represents of courts'? -Answer- impartiality Love for one's country is called? -Answer- patriotism An example of direct democracy is ? -Answer- New England town meeting An example of a modern day Confederacy is the? -Answer- European Union A small group of people having control of a country, organization, or institution is called an? -Answer- Oligarchy A. system of government not commonly in use today - only the U.S. , Brazil and India use this form. -Answer- federal system A system that works well in large countries that have people with different goals and needs is known as? -Answer- Federalism A system of government in which the majority party selects the person to head the government is called a? -Answer- parlimentary system This system of government is not always successful in a well educated society. - Answer- Democracy How the president of the United States is elected . Not by the people who vote though voting does sometimes sway them for the people. -Answer- Electoral College With this system, the candidate who gets the highest percentage of votes win the election even if he did not receive a majority of the votes cast. -Answer- majorityplurality representation What document marked the beginning of a democratic government in England? - Answer- English Bill of Rights Name the highest court in the United States. -Answer- Supreme Court A type a government system that the national government has little or no power. - Answer- Confederacy What term means "government by the people"? -Answer- Democracy What people first practiced democracy? -Answer- Greeks Name the three branches of government. -Answer- Executive, Legislative, Judicial Name the governmental body that is elected by popular vote. -Answer- Congress What are the powers given to the national government by the Constitution that define the limits of its authority? -Answer- delegated Who is the chief executive officer of the United States? -Answer- president What is the heart of American government? -Answer- The Constitution Government system that allows of public participation is called? -Answer- popular government Three characteristics of a direct or pure democracy are? -Answer- equality, liberty, individualism Originally, what was the only body at the national level that was elected by direct popular vote? -Answer- House of Representatives Personal and political freedom are known as? -Answer- liberty Divided into three branches - Executive, legislative and judicial, each of which provides checks and balances over the other two. Another limit is the provisions listed in the Bill of rights. -Answer- Constitution limits on Government The church was established by God, who also established ________________________. -Answer- government Where does it say, "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion"? -Answer- U.S. Constitution Term meaning a society in which many different religious groups, all holding different views of right and wrong, live together. -Answer- pluralism Agreement among Pilgrims to establish a temporary government was the -AnswerMayflower Compact Which view advocates the idea that government is formed by the consent of the governed? -Answer- social contract Which philosophy says that religion is a personal, not a public, matter? -Answersecularism The Articles of Confederation were ratified about ______________ after they were introduced. -Answer- 4 years Under the Articles of Confederation, Congress could not _______________________. - Answer- levy taxes The ratification of the Articles of Confederation required____________________. - Answer- Unanimous consent The national legislature was ______________________ not bicameral under the Articles of the Confederation. -Answer- Unicameral The New Jersey plan promoted strong ___________ powers under the new constitution. -Answer- state Agreement at Constitutional Convention, allowed slave states to count 3/5 of their slaves as extra population, for representation purposes. -Answer- 3/5th compromise The Federalists were ____________________ for the new Constitution. -Answeradvocates The last state to ratify the Constitution was -Answer- Rhode Island Two main reasons people opposed ratification of the Constitution? -Answer- too little power for the states/no Bill of Rights What two factors that allowed colonial self-government to grow during the colonial period. -Answer- British neglect of the colonies/3000 miles betwe [Show More]
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