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NR 511 Midterm Exam (Questions and Answers)

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NR 511 Midterm Exam (Questions and Answers) Question 1.Question : Which of the following is a crucial element of developing a guideline? Student Answer: Creating a physician expert panel Reviewing... the literature with ratings of available evidence Conducting an external review of a guideline Developing evidence-based tables Points Received: 2 of 2 Comments: Question 2.Question : African American patients seem to have a negative reaction to which of the following asthma medications? Student Answer: Inhaled corticosteroids Long-term beta-agonist bronchodilators Leukotriene receptor agonists Oral corticosteroids Points Received: 2 of 2 Comments: Question 3.Question : Jolene has breast cancer that has been staged as T1, N0, M0. What might this mean? Student Answer: The tumor size cannot be evaluated; the cancer has not spread to the lymph nodes; and the distant spread cannot be evaluated. The cancer is in situ; it is spreading into the lymph nodes, but the spread cannot be evaluated otherwise. The cancer is less than 2 cm in size and has not spread to the lymph nodes or other parts of the body. The cancer is about 5 cm in size; nearby lymph nodes cannot be evaluated; and there is no evidence of distant spreading. Points Received: 2 of 2 Comments: Question 4.Question : Sondra's peripheral vestibular disease causes dizziness and vertigo. Which of the following medications will help to decrease edema in the labyrinth of the ear? Student Answer: Meclizine Diphenhydramine Diamox Promethazine Points Received: 0 of 2 Comments: Question 5.Question : Mandy presents with a cauliflower-like wart in her anogenital region. You suspect it was sexually transmitted and document this as a: Student Answer: Filiform/digitate wart Dysplastic cervical lesion Condyloma acuminata Koilocytosis Points Received: 2 of 2 Comments: Question 6.Question : Inattention and a sleep-wake cycle disturbance are the hallmark symptoms of? Student Answer: Dementia Alzheimer's disease Parkinson's disease Delirium Points Received: 2 of 2 Comments: Question 7.Question : You have taught Jennifer, age 15, about using a flow meter to assess how to manage her asthma exacerbations. She calls you today because her peak expiratory flow rate is 65%. What would you tell her? Student Answer: "Take your short-acting beta-2 agonist, remain quiet, and call back tomorrow." "Use your rescue inhaler, begin the prescription of oral glucocorticoids you have, and call back tomorrow." "Drive to the emergency room now." "Call 911." Points Received: 2 of 2 Comments: Question 8.Question : A patient is seen in the clinic with hematuria confirmed on microscopic examination. The clinician should inquire about the ingestion of which of these substances that might be the cause of hematuria? Student Answer: NSAIDs Beets Vitamin A Red meat Points Received: 2 of 2 Comments: Question 9.Question : Which of the following is an example of tertiary prevention in a patient with chronic renal failure? Student Answer: Fluid restriction Hemodialysis 4 days a week High-protein diet Maintenance of blood pressure at 120/80 Points Received: 2 of 2 Comments: Question 10.Question : Which of the following conditions is associated with cigarette smoking? Student Answer: Glaucoma Increased sperm quality Bladder cancer Eczema Points Received: 0 of 2 Comments: Question 11.Question : A chronic cough lasts longer than: Student Answer: 3 weeks 1 month 6 months 1 year Points Received: 0 of 2 Comments: Question 12.Question : The 'freezing phenomenon' is a cardinal feature of? Student Answer: Parkinson's disease Alzheimer's disease A CVA Bell's palsy Points Received: 0 of 2 Comments: Question 13.Question : When administered at the beginning of an attack, oxygen therapy may help this kind of headache? Student Answer: Tension Migraine Cluster Stress Points Received: 0 of 2 Comments: Question 14.Question : Which ethnic group has the highest lung cancer incidence and mortality rates? Student Answer: African American men Scandinavian men and women Caucasian women Asian men Points Received: 0 of 2 Comments: Question 15.Question : The most significant precipitating event leading to otitis media with effusion is: Student Answer: Pharyngitis Allergies Viral upper respiratory infection (URI) Perforation of the eardrum Points Received: 2 of 2 Comments: Question 16.Question : Samuel is going to the dentist for some work and must take endocarditis prophylaxis because of his history of: Student Answer: Severe asthma A common valvular lesion Severe hypertension A prosthetic heart valve Points Received: 0 of 2 Comments: Question 17.Question : A 34-year-old patient was treated for a UTI and has not responded to antibiotic therapy. Which of the following actions should be taken next? Student Answer: Send a urine specimen for microscopy and evaluate for fungal colonies. Increase the dose of antibiotic. Order a cytoscopy. Order a different antibiotic. Points Received: 0 of 2 Comments: Question 18.Question : Which statement best describes a carotid bruit? Student Answer: It is felt with the middle three fingers over the carotid artery. A bruit becomes audible when the lumen is narrowed to 1 mm or less. A low-pitched bruit is a medical emergency. The higher the pitch of the bruit, the higher the degree of stenosis. Points Received: 0 of 2 Comments: Question 19.Question : Which statement is true regarding chloasma, the 'mask of pregnancy'? Student Answer: It is caused by a decrease in the melanocyte-stimulating hormone during pregnancy. This condition only occurs on the face. Exposure to sunlight will even out the discoloration. It is caused by increased levels of estrogen and progesterone. Points Received: 2 of 2 Comments: Question 20.Question : Simon presents with alopecia areata with well-circumscribed patches of hair loss on the crown of his head. How do you respond when he asks you the cause? Student Answer: "You must be under a lot of stress lately." "It is hereditary. Did your father experience this also?" "The cause is unknown, but we suspect it is due to an immunologic mechanism." "We'll have to do some tests." Points Received: 0 of 2 Comments: Question 21.Question : A blood pressure (BP) of 150/90 is considered: Student Answer: Stage 2 hypertension Hypertensive Normal in healthy older adults Acceptable if the patient has DM Points Received: 0 of 2 Comments: Question 22.Question : When teaching post MI patients about their NTG tablets, the clinician should stress that the tablets should remain in the light-resistant bottle in which they are packaged and should not be put in another pill box or remain in areas that are or could become warm and humid. Once opened, the bottle must be dated and discarded after how many months? Student Answer: 1 month 3 months 6 months As long as the tablets are kept in this special bottle, they will last forever. Points Received: 0 of 2 Comments: Question 23.Question : Your patient has decided to try to quit smoking with Chantix. You are discussing his quit date, and he will begin taking the medicine tomorrow. When should he plan to quit smoking? Student Answer: He should stop smoking today. He should stop smoking tomorrow. His quit date should be in 1 week. He will be ready to quit after the first 30 days. Points Received: 0 of 2 Comments: Question 24.Question : When looking under the microscope to diagnose an intravaginal infection, you see a cluster of small and oval to round shapes. What do you suspect they are? Student Answer: Spores Leukocytes Pseudohyphae Epithelial cells Points Received: 0 of 2 Comments: Question 25.Question : The hallmark of an absence seizure is: Student Answer: No activity at all A blank stare Urine is usually voided involuntarily The attack usually lasts several minutes Points Received: 0 of 2 Comments: Question 26.Question : Which medication used for scabies is safe for children 2 months and older? Student Answer: Permethrin cream Lindane Crotamiton lotion and cream Ivermectin Points Received: 0 of 2 Comments: .........continued [Show More]

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NR 511 Midterm and Final Exams

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