*NURSING > EXAM > NURS 6501N- 13 Advanced Pathophysiology Week 5 Quiz GradeAplus (All)

NURS 6501N- 13 Advanced Pathophysiology Week 5 Quiz GradeAplus

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1. A 60-year-old female was diagnosed with mitral stenosis. As a result, the nurse realizes the patient has incomplete emptying of the: 2. When a person is in shock, a nurse remembers impairment i... n cellular metabolism is caused by: 3. A 20-year-old female is being admitted to the hospital with fever and septic shock. Which set of assessment findings would the nurse expect the patient to exhibit? 4. A 22-year-old pregnant female presents for fetal echocardiogram. Tests reveal small left atrium and mitral valve and an absent left ventricle and aortic valve. The diagnosis is hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). The nurse will anticipate that the treatment for this defect is: 5. A 49-year-old male presents to his primary care provider reporting chest pain. EKG reveals ST elevation. He is diagnosed with myocardial ischemia. Which of the following interventions would be most beneficial? 6. A 67-year-old female was previously diagnosed with rheumatic heart disease. Tests reveal lipoprotein deposition with chronic inflammation that impairs blood flow from the left ventricle into the aorta. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis recorded on the chart? 7. Upon assessment of the patient, the nurse finds a widened pulse pressure and throbbing peripheral pulses. Which valve disorder does the nurse suspect? 8. A 28-year-old female presents to the ER reporting severe chest pain that worsens with respirations or lying down. She has a fever, tachycardia, and a friction rub. Based upon the assessment findings, the nurse determines the patient is experiencing: 9. A 52-year-old female is admitted to the cardiac unit with a diagnosis of pericarditis. She asks the nurse to explain where the infection is. In providing an accurate description, the nurse states that the pericardium is: 10. A nurse is planning care for a patient in shock. Which principle should the nurse remember? During shock states, glucose uptake is usually: 11. A newborn child is diagnosed with tetralogy of Fallot. What symptoms would the nurse to expect to observe in the child? 12. A 15-year-old male who is allergic to peanuts east a peanut butter cup. He then goes into anaphylactic shock. Which assessment findings will the nurse assess for? 13. For an infection to progress to septic shock, which of the following factors should the nurse determine occurred? 14. A 1-month-old infant visits his primary care provider for a well-baby check. Physical exam reveals decreased cardiac output, hypotension, tachycardia, and a loud murmur suggestive of aortic stenosis. Which of the following would be expected with this diagnosis? 15. A 72-year-old female has a history of right heart failure caused by a right ventricular myocardial infarction. Which of the following symptoms are specifically related to her right heart failure? 16. An 8-week-old infant presents to her primary care provider for a well-baby check. Physical exam reveals a murmur, and an echocardiogram shows a large ventricular septal defect. If left untreated, what condition should the nurse discuss with the parents? 17. A 72-year-old female has a history of hypertension and atherosclerosis. An echocardiogram reveals backflow into the left ventricle. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis documented on the chart? 18. While planning care, the nurse remembers which principle? In valvular _____, the valve is constricted and narrowed because the vale leaflets, or cusps, fail to open completely. 19. A newborn child has a murmur and cyanosis. An echocardiogram reveals that the tricuspid valve failed to develop and no blood flows between the right atrium and ventricle. What term will the nurse use to describe this condition? Tricuspid: 20. A 27-year-old male is admitted to a neurologic unit with a complete C-5 spinal cord transection. On initial assessment, he is bradycardic, hypotensive, and hyperventilating. He appears to be going into shock. The most likely mechanism of his shock is: 21. A 30-year-old female presents to her primary care provider with fever, cardiac murmur, and petechial skin lesions. She is diagnosed with infective endocarditis. When the patient wants to know what caused the disease, what is the nurse’s best response? The most likely cause of the disease is: 22. An infant undergoes an echocardiogram for a suspected heart defect. Tests reveal an opening in the middle of the atrial septum. What term would the nurse use to describe this defect? 23. A newborn experiences frequent periods of cyanosis, usually during crying or after feeding. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis the nurse will observe on the chart? 24. One consequence of switching from aerobic to anaerobic cellular metabolism during shock states is: 25. A newborn is suspected of having coarctation of the aorta. Which of the following assessments would aid in diagnosis? 26. A nurse is teaching staff about endocarditis. Which information should the nurse include? Inflammation cells have difficulty limiting the colonization of microorganisms in infective endocarditis because the: 27. A 75-year-old male has severe chest pain and dials 911. Lab tests at the hospital reveal elevated levels of cardiac troponins I and T. Based upon the lab findings, the nurse suspects which of the following has occurred? 28. A 60-year-old female had a myocardial infarction. She was brought to the hospital 30 minutes later. She survived, but now the nurse is providing care for impaired ventricular function because: 29. A 51-year-old male presents with recurrent chest pain on exertion. He is diagnosed with angina pectoris. When he asks what causes the pain, how should the nurse respond? The pain occurs when: 30. Which of the following lab tests will the nurse check to help diagnose heart failure and provide insight into its severity? [Show More]

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