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SOPHIA US HISTORY UNIT 1 CHALLENGE 3 (2020) – 100% CORRECT

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SOPHIA US HISTORY UNIT 1 CHALLENGE 3 (2020) – 100% CORRECT Plato: An academic approach to concepts Select the option that accurately completes the statement below. Being a genius is a _____ condit... ion for being a college student. • A.)sufficient, not necessary • B.)necessary, not sufficient • C.)neither necessary nor sufficient • D.)both necessary and sufficient C.)Correct. Not all geniuses are enrolled in a college. Therefore, being a genius is not a sufficient condition (or logical guarantee) for being a college student. Likewise, a person could be enrolled in a college but not be a genius. Therefore, being a genius is also not a necessary condition, or logical requirement, for being a college student. Select the option that accurately completes the statement below. Having wheels is a _______ condition for being a functioning car. • A.)necessary, not sufficient • B.)sufficient, not necessary • C.)neither necessary nor sufficient • D.)both necessary and sufficient A.)Correct. All functioning cars have wheels, therefore, wheels are a necessary condition (or a logical requirement) for being a functioning car. Since not all things that have wheels are cars, having wheels is not a sufficient condition (or logical guarantee) for being a car. Select the option that accurately completes the statement below. Being a bodybuilder is a _____ condition for being strong. • A.)sufficient, not necessary • B.)neither necessary nor sufficient • C.)necessary, not sufficient • D.)both necessary and sufficient A.)Correct. It is correct that all bodybuilders are strong, which makes being a bodybuilder a sufficient condition (or logical guarantee) for being strong. But not all strong people are bodybuilders, so being a bodybuilder is not a necessary condition (or logical requirement) for being strong. Plato's Forms: The Objects of Knowledge Select the statement that does NOT represent a central epistemological tenet of Plato's doctrine of the Forms. • A.)Forms are the abstract universals in which all particulars participate. • B.)The true nature of reality can only be uncovered by understanding the Forms. • C.)Knowledge is a justified true belief in which justification is grounded in understanding the world as it really is. • D.)An essence is a physical entity that is the building block of every object in the universe. D.)Correct. It's true that Plato's doctrine of the Forms defines essences as universal entities in which worldly objects participate, but essences are abstract entities that exist in the intellectual realm. They are NOT physical entities. Select the statement that represents a central epistemological tenet of Plato's doctrine of the Forms. • A.)If humans cease to exist, so does the Form of knowledge. • B.)Knowledge differs from opinion because knowledge requires one to be able to justify his or her beliefs. • C.)Forms are entities that exist only in the natural world. • D.)In philosophy, Forms play no role in determining what is morally right and wrong. B.)Correct. Plato believed that knowledge consists of three components: belief, truth, and justification. Justification means being able to support beliefs with good reasons. Beliefs that are not justified are only opinions. Select the statement that does NOT represent a central epistemological tenet of Plato's doctrine of the Forms. • A.)Understanding the essence of a thing is the only way to justify having true knowledge of that thing. • B.)Knowledge of the Forms enables one to understand the true nature of reality. • C.)Having an opinion about something assumes that you also have knowledge about that thing. • D.)A belief becomes justified when it can be accurately connected to the world. C.)Correct. Plato believed the opposite of this statement to be true. Having an opinion is one component of knowledge, but that opinion must be true and justified to qualify as knowledge. .........CONTINUED.................. [Show More]

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