Health Care > EXAM > HURST READINESS EXAM 3 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS GRADED A+ 100% 2023-2024 (All)

HURST READINESS EXAM 3 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS GRADED A+ 100% 2023-2024

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HURST READINESS EXAM 3 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS GRADED A+ 100% Which menu selection by the client diagnosed with nephrotic syndrome indicates that teaching of proper diet was understood? You answered ... this question Correctly 1. Pancakes with whipped butter, syrup, bacon, apple juice 2. Scrambled eggs, sliced turkey, biscuit, whole milk 3. Grits, fresh fruit, toast, coffee 4. Bagel with jelly, hash browns, tea - Rationale 2. Correct: Client needs low sodium and increased proteins. 1. Incorrect: This selection is too high in sodium and fats. 3. Incorrect: This selection has no protein. Remember, nephrotic syndrome is the exception to the rule of limiting protein. These clients need increased protein to compensate for the large loss of protein in the urine. 4. Incorrect: This selection has no protein. Remember, nephrotic syndrome is the exception to the rule of limiting protein. These clients need increased protein to compensate for the large loss of protein in the urine. Following a total hip replacement, the nurse provides discharge teaching to the client. The nurse knows that teaching was effective when the client states which activities are safe to perform? You answered this question Correctly 1. Using an abduction pillow while sleeping 2. Crossing the legs 3. Using a toilet extender 4. Showering rather than taking a bath 5. Tying shoes - RationaleStrategies 1., 3., & 4. Correct: The client should use an abduction pillow to keep hip in proper alignment and prevent hip dislocation. A toilet extender keeps the hip in proper alignment and prevents hip dislocation. Showering rather than sitting in a tub will prevent flexion of the hip. 2. Incorrect: Crossing the leg can pop the hip out of place and prevent total healing and success with the replacement. 5. Incorrect: To tie shoes, the client has to bend over which can pop the hip out of place. The client would need to have shoes that do not require tying or have someone do it for them. What risk factors should the nurse include when conducting a class about type 2 diabetes mellitus? You answered this question Correctly 1. Fat distribution greater in abdomen than in hips. 2. Being underweight. 3. Having type 1 diabetes as a child increases risk for type 2 diabetes. 4. Caucasians are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than Hispanics. 5. Polycystic ovary syndrome. - RationaleStrategies 1., & 5. Correct: If the body stores fat primarily in the abdomen, risk of type 2 diabetes is greater than if body stores fat elsewhere, such as hips and thighs. Women with polycystic ovary syndrome have increased risk of diabetes. 2. Incorrect: Being overweight is a primary risk factor for type 2 diabetes. The more fatty tissue, the more resistant cells become to insulin. 3. Incorrect: A type 1 diabetic will remain a type 1 diabetic. 4. Incorrect: African Americans, Hispanics, American Indians, and Asian Americans are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than Caucasians are. The nurse is caring for a client following spinal surgery. The client is placed on methylprednisolone. What additional drug therapy would the nurse expect to be prescribed with methylprednisolone? You answered this question Correctly 1. Pantoprazole 2. Phenytoin 3. Imipramine HCI 4. Aminocaproic acid - RationaleStrategies 1. Correct: A potential side effect of methylprednisolone is a peptic ulcer. The primary healthcare provider will prescribe a proton pump inhibitor or H2 blocker to prevent this side effect. 2. Incorrect: Phenytoin is an anticonvulsant. Seizures are not a side effect of methylprednisolone. 3. Incorrect: Imipramine HCI is an antidepressant which is not routinely given with methylprednisolone (Although mood changes can occur with steroid administration, anti-depressants are not routinely given). 4. Incorrect: Aminocaproic acid is given when clients are bleeding. Bleeding is not a side effect of methylprednisolone. In what order, after initially washing hands, should the nurse change a dressing on an infected abdominal surgical wound that has a Penrose drain and a large amount of purulent drainage? Place in priority order from first to last. You answered this question CorrectlyThe Correct Order Apply clean gloves. Remove soiled dressings. Discard soiled dressings and clean gloves in red bag. Don sterile gloves. Clean surgical wound with moistened sterile 4x4's. Clean around Penrose drain using a circular pattern inside to outside. Place dry, sterile 4x4's over surgical wound and Penrose drain. Apply abdominal dressing pad. Your Selected Order Apply clean gloves. Remove soiled dressings. Discard soiled dressings and clean gloves in red bag. Don sterile gloves. Clean surgical wound with moistened sterile 4x4's. Clean around Penrose drain using a circular pattern inside to outside. Place dry, sterile 4x4's over surgical wound and Penrose drain. Apply abdominal dressing pad. - RationaleStrategies First, apply clean gloves. Second, remove soiled dressings. Third, discard soiled dressings and clean gloves in red bag. Fourth, don sterile gloves. Fifth, clean surgical wound with moistened sterile 4x4's. Sixth, clean around Penrose drain using circular pattern inside to outside. Seventh, place dry, sterile 4x4's over surgical wound and Penrose drain. Eighth, apply abdominal dressing pad. A client diagnosed with schizophrenia who is taking monthly haloperidol injections develops slurred speech, shuffling gait and drooling. Which prescribed PRN medication would the nurse administer? You answered this question Incorrectly 1. Lorazepam 2. Atropine 3. Benztropine 4. Chlorpromazine - RationaleStrategies 3. Correct: These signs and symptoms are reflective of pseudoparkinsonism, a form of extrapyramidal side effects which are side effects of the haloperidol. An anticholinergic agent maybe used for treatment. This is an anticholinergic agent that may be used for extrapyramidal side effects. 1. Incorrect: This is a sedative/hypnotic or antianxiety agent. It is not used for treatment of extrapyramidal side effects. 2. Incorrect: This is an anticholinergic agent, but not one commonly used to treat pseudoparkinsonism, a form of extrapyramidal side effects. It is commonly used to treat arrhythmias and preoperatively to decrease secretions. 4. Incorrect: This is another antipsychotic medication. [Show More]

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