*NURSING > EXAM > Medical Assistant MEDca study guide 311 Questions with Verified Answers,100% CORRECT (All)

Medical Assistant MEDca study guide 311 Questions with Verified Answers,100% CORRECT

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Medical Assistant MEDca study guide 311 Questions with Verified Answers What year did Imhotep (Egyptian) described the diagnosis and treatment of 200 diseases - CORRECT ANSWER 2600 BC What year ... did Alcmaeon of croton characterize the difference between veins and arteries - CORRECT ANSWER 500 BC What is another name for Hippocrates? - CORRECT ANSWER The father of medicine What year was Hippocrates born? - CORRECT ANSWER 460 BC When did Diocles write the first known book anatomy book? - CORRECT ANSWER 300 BC When did Herophilus begin the study of the nervous system - CORRECT ANSWER 280 BC When is Galen born? - CORRECT ANSWER 130 AD Who is Galen? - CORRECT ANSWER A greek physician to Roman emperors and gladiators when did Pedanius Dioscoriddes write "de material medica" - CORRECT ANSWER 60 AD (30 -90 AD) When did Rhazes identify smallpox? - CORRECT ANSWER 910 Who wrote "The Book Of Healing" and "The Canon of Medicine" ? - CORRECT ANSWER Avicena When where "The Book Of Healing" and "The Canon of Medicine" written? - CORRECT ANSWER 1010 Who invented spectacles? - CORRECT ANSWER Roger Bacon When were spectacles invented? - CORRECT ANSWER 1249 Who dissected corpses? - CORRECT ANSWER Leonardo DaVinci When did Leonardo DaVinci dissect corpses? - CORRECT ANSWER 1489 Where were the findings on human anatomy published in? - CORRECT ANSWER "De Fabrica Corporis Humani" Who wrote "De Fabrica Corporis Humani"? - CORRECT ANSWER Versalius When was "De Fabrica Corporis Humani" published? - CORRECT ANSWER 1543 Who invented the microscope? - CORRECT ANSWER Zacharias Janssen When was the microscope invented - CORRECT ANSWER 1590 "An anatomical study of the motion of the heart and of the blood in animals" is published by who? - CORRECT ANSWER William Harvey "An anatomical study of the motion of the heart and of the blood in animals" is the basis of what - CORRECT ANSWER future research on blood vessels, arteries and the heart When was the "An anatomical study of the motion of the heart and of the blood in animals" published? - CORRECT ANSWER 1628 When do experiments with canine blood transfusion take place? - CORRECT ANSWER 1656 Who is credited for experiments with canine blood transfusion - CORRECT ANSWER Sir Christopher Wren When were blood cells discovered? - CORRECT ANSWER 1670 Who discovered blood cells? - CORRECT ANSWER Anton Leeuwenhoek When did observation of bacteria take place? - CORRECT ANSWER 1683 Who started observation of bacteria? - CORRECT ANSWER Anton Leeuwenhoek The first smallpox inoculation was given in? - CORRECT ANSWER 1701 Who gave the first smallpox inoculation? - CORRECT ANSWER Giacomo Pylarini When was "treatise of the scurvy" published - CORRECT ANSWER 1747 Who published "treatise of the scurvy"? - CORRECT ANSWER James Lind What did the "treatise of the scurvy" state? - CORRECT ANSWER That citrus fruits prevent scurvy When was the first successful appendectomy performed? - CORRECT ANSWER 1763 Who preformed the first successful appendectomy? - CORRECT ANSWER Claudia Aymand When was the development of vaccination for smallpox - CORRECT ANSWER 1796 development of vaccination for smallpox was done by - CORRECT ANSWER Edward Jenner When did the development of smallpox vaccine occur? - CORRECT ANSWER 1796 What did Sir Humphrey Davy discover? - CORRECT ANSWER Anesthetic properties of nitrous oxide When did the anesthetic properties of nitrous oxide get discovered? - CORRECT ANSWER 1800 Who invented the stethoscope? - CORRECT ANSWER Rene Laennec When was the stethoscope invented? - CORRECT ANSWER 1816 Who did the first successful transfusion of human blood? - CORRECT ANSWER James Blundell When was the first successful transfusion of blood preformed? - CORRECT ANSWER In 1818 Ether is used as a? - CORRECT ANSWER General anesthetic Who was ether used by? - CORRECT ANSWER Crawford W. Long When was ether used as anesthetic? - CORRECT ANSWER 1842 Nitrous oxide is used as a? - CORRECT ANSWER Anesthetic Who used nitrous oxide as anesthetic? - CORRECT ANSWER Dr. Horace Wells Medical Assistant is what? - CORRECT ANSWER Health care provider that performs medical, administrative tasks to support health professional Who determines the amount of aid needed from a medical assistant? - CORRECT ANSWER Physician What are some routine tasks for a medical assistant? - CORRECT ANSWER Vital signs, recoding info, administration medication, preparing medical supplies, sterilization, collection of fluids and tissue for testing. What is sterilization? - CORRECT ANSWER Destruction of all living microorganisms by chemical disinfectants or boiling How long should you boil teams for disinfecting? - CORRECT ANSWER 20 min What are some administrative duties of a MA? - CORRECT ANSWER Greetings, record keeping, answering telephone, filing insurance claims, scheduling appointments, billing When should a MA call an ambulance if an emergency? - CORRECT ANSWER If there is a serious condition, heart attack, stroke, shock, hemorrhage, if no doctor or nurse present. Can a MA give emergency care - CORRECT ANSWER Yes, Medication that is easily addictive requires a what? - CORRECT ANSWER Prescription What can a MA do in regards to medication? - CORRECT ANSWER Instruct, administer, call in prescriptions, authorize refills. The MA should always have what? - CORRECT ANSWER Basic knowledge of laws and ethics of medicine. How must the MA look/act in public? - CORRECT ANSWER Good manners, neat, well groomed, What is caused by a first impression? - CORRECT ANSWER A positive or negative psychological effect on patient MA must be able to what in regards to patient? - CORRECT ANSWER Put at ease, and explain What must the MA remember NOT TO DO when speaking to a patient? - CORRECT ANSWER Discuss complaint, or give a prognosis What is prognosis - CORRECT ANSWER Outcome Why should patient surroundings always be sanitized? - CORRECT ANSWER Because bacteria flourishes in hot damp areas and can cause health problems What is involved inn Patient care? - CORRECT ANSWER Interaction, vital signs, administrating medications, explains medical procedures Why should the workplace and patient surroundings always be sanitized? - CORRECT ANSWER Because bacteria flourishes in hot damp areas that cause health problems Who was the first to publish the process of using anesthetic properties of nitrous oxide? - CORRECT ANSWER Dentist William Morton What is a must regarding a patient and procedures - CORRECT ANSWER Everything must be explained to the patient as well as listen to any concerns When dealing with bedridden/bed stricken patients what can the MA do to make patients feel more comfortable? - CORRECT ANSWER 1. Support back and joints (prevent strain) 2. Arms and legs in comfortable position if needed supported 3.communication with patients during bed changes- patient cooperation 4. Movement guided rather than lifting 5. Pillow support 6. Bed cradle 7. Air ring under buttocks ( if signs of pressure sores at base of the spine show) When was Nitrous oxide used as anesthetic? - CORRECT ANSWER 1844 What is the intend for administering medication? - CORRECT ANSWER For diagnosis, treatment, prevention of medical conditions Laws regarding administration of medication vary from? - CORRECT ANSWER State to state Who is authorized to prescribe medication? - CORRECT ANSWER Physicians, doctors, NP, nurses, PA What responsible measures should be taken with controlled substances? - CORRECT ANSWER Accountability for discarded substances, counting medical supplies at regular intervals, locked storages What is a prescription? - CORRECT ANSWER Order for medication What does a prescription include? - CORRECT ANSWER Example prescription might include: -Information about the healthcare provider -Patient information and date of prescription -The Rx symbol, latin word that stands for 'recipe' meaning 'to take' -The names and quantity of ingredients -Directions for how the pharmacist is to fill the prescription -Directions for the patient as to how/when to take the medication -Information about refills and special labelling Examples of Topical administration - CORRECT ANSWER Onto the skin (epicutaneous) Inhalation Onto the conjunctiva (eye drops) Ear drops Through mucous membrane in the body Enteral Administration Routes - CORRECT ANSWER Swallowing (oral) Inner cheek or gum (buccaneers route) Under tonnage ( sublingual) Feeding tube Anus Parenteral administration routes - CORRECT ANSWER Veins (intravenous) Arteries (intra-arterial) Bone marrow (intraosseous infusion) Muscles (intra- muscular) Skin (intradermal) What is subcutaneous administration? - CORRECT ANSWER Medication by injection beneath the skin What are analgesics used for? - CORRECT ANSWER To alleviate pain What are analgesics? - CORRECT ANSWER pain relievers Types main types of analgesics? - CORRECT ANSWER Non-narcotic for mild pain, narcotic for severe pain Common Analgesics? - CORRECT ANSWER Codeine, Vicodin, Hydrocodone, OxyContin, Naproxen, Darvon, Aspirin, Tylenol,Morphine, Methadone Antianxiety Drugs are? - CORRECT ANSWER Medication for anxiety and to relax muscles common antianxiety meds - CORRECT ANSWER Zoloft, lexapro, Effexor What are antiarrhythmics? - CORRECT ANSWER Medication used to control irregular heartbeat Antiarrhythmics beta blocker examples? - CORRECT ANSWER Acebutolo, Betaxolo, Esmolo, Nadolo What are non-narcotic analgesics used for? - CORRECT ANSWER Mild pain What are narcotic analgesics used for? - CORRECT ANSWER Severe pain Common Analgesics? - CORRECT ANSWER Codeine, Vicodin, Hydrocodone, OxyContin, Naproxen, Darvon, Aspirin, Tylenol,Morphine, Methadone Who developed. Vaccination for smallpox? - CORRECT ANSWER Edward Jenner What are antianxiety drugs? - CORRECT ANSWER Medication used to suppress anxiety and relaxes muscles What are antiarrhythmics? - CORRECT ANSWER Medication used to control irregular heartbeat What are common types of Antianxiety drugs? - CORRECT ANSWER Zoloft, le apeó, effector What are common beta blockers for antiarrhythmics? - CORRECT ANSWER Acentuó lo, beta olí, demolí, Nadolol What are common sodium channel blockers for antiarrhythmics? - CORRECT ANSWER Disopyramide, Mexiletene, Flecainide, Propafenone What are common potassium channel blockers? - CORRECT ANSWER Amiodarone, Bepridil, Ibutilide, Tedisami What are common calcium channel blockers of antirrhythmics? - CORRECT ANSWER Diltiazim, Verapamil What are antibiotics? - CORRECT ANSWER Medication used to treat infections. Caused by bacteria What do antibiotics do? - CORRECT ANSWER Stop infection from producing organisms What common antibiotics need refrigeration? - CORRECT ANSWER Amoxicillin, Aureomycin Common medications of Antibiotic? - CORRECT ANSWER Penicillins, Cephalosporins, Marcrolides, Sulfonamides What are antidepressants? - CORRECT ANSWER Medication used to treat depression What are the three groups of antidepressants? - CORRECT ANSWER Tricyclics antidepressants, benzodiazepines and serotonin boosting medications Tricyclics antidepressants example? - CORRECT ANSWER Elavil, Flexeril, Pamelor, Sinequan, Desyrel Benzodiazepines antidepressant example? - CORRECT ANSWER Xanax and Kloopin Serotonin boosting example? - CORRECT ANSWER Prozac, Effexor, Serzone, Zoloft What are Antifungals? - CORRECT ANSWER Medication to treat fungus ex. Ringworms What is systemic? - CORRECT ANSWER Taken by mouth or injection What is topical? - CORRECT ANSWER Applied on skin Example of systemic antifungal drugs? - CORRECT ANSWER Mizoram, diflucan, sporanex, Monistat Examples of Topical Drugs? - CORRECT ANSWER Ciclopirox, Econazole, Nystatin, Terconazole Antihistamines? - CORRECT ANSWER Medication used to treat effects of allergic reactions Common antihistamines medication? - CORRECT ANSWER Benadryl, Ataraxia, Hismanal, Chlor-Tripolitania, and Claritin Antihypertensive? - CORRECT ANSWER a medication administered to lower blood pressure Common Antihypertensive medications? - CORRECT ANSWER Diuretics, beta blockers, ACE inhibitors Anti-inflammatories? - CORRECT ANSWER reduce inflammation What are Anti-inflammatory es divided into? - CORRECT ANSWER Steroids and non-steroidal anti-imnflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) What do steroids know as Corticosterone do? - CORRECT ANSWER Reduce inflammation or swelling What are common steroids? - CORRECT ANSWER Corticosterone, Cortisone, Aldosterone Common NSAID? - CORRECT ANSWER Aspirin, Ibuprofen, Naproxen, Celebrex What do NSAIDs do? - CORRECT ANSWER Alleviate pain by counteracting Antipsychotics? - CORRECT ANSWER drugs used in the treatment of psychotic disorders Common antipsychotics? - CORRECT ANSWER Butyrophenones, Phenothiazinez, Thioxanthenes What are Antivirals? - CORRECT ANSWER Medication used to treat Viral infections Most antivirals are used to what? - CORRECT ANSWER Treat HIV Common Antivirals? - CORRECT ANSWER Arríela, Darunavir, Nevrapine, Truvada What are Beta-Blockers? - CORRECT ANSWER Medication used to reduce oxygen needs of the heart Common Beta-Blockers? - CORRECT ANSWER Betaxolol, Esmolol, Carteolol, Penbutolol,Labetalol What are cold remedies? - CORRECT ANSWER Medication to treat common colds What are common cold medications? - CORRECT ANSWER Aspirin, Acetaminophen, decongestants , What is a cough suppressant? - CORRECT ANSWER Medication to relieve coughs What do cough suppressant contain and do? - CORRECT ANSWER Honey, menthol and soothe throat irritation What are Decongestants? - CORRECT ANSWER Medication used to reduce swelling of the mucous membrane What are Decongestants most commonly used for? - CORRECT ANSWER Relieve nasal stuffiness What are Diuretics? - CORRECT ANSWER Medication used to increase urine output Common Diuretics? - CORRECT ANSWER Aldactazide, Dyazide, Maxzide, Moduretic What are hormones? - CORRECT ANSWER Medication used to restore hormone deficiency Hypoglycemic is what? - CORRECT ANSWER Medication used to lower level of glucose in blood What are common medications for Hypoglycemic? - CORRECT ANSWER Thiazolidinedione, Iguanid, Sulfonylurea What are immunosuppressive? - CORRECT ANSWER Medication used to rest autoimmune diseases Common immunosuppressive medications are? - CORRECT ANSWER Methotrexate, Azathioprine, Alkylating Agents What are Laxatives? - CORRECT ANSWER Medications used to increase frequency of and ease bowel movements Common medications for Laxatives? - CORRECT ANSWER Enclose, Cilium, Konsyl, colace, Colette What are sleeping aids? - CORRECT ANSWER Medication used to help with sleeping disorders Common medication for sleeping aids? - CORRECT ANSWER Benzodiazepines, Barbiturates, Ambien What are anesthetics? - CORRECT ANSWER Medication cause the reversible loss of sensation also know an anesthesia What are the 2 categories of anesthetics? - CORRECT ANSWER Local and general Name local anesthetics? - CORRECT ANSWER Procaine, Amethocaine, prilocaine, Ropivacaine, Novocaine, Dibucaine, Mepivacaine, Trimecane, Propxycaie, Chloroprocaine Name general anesthetics? - CORRECT ANSWER Inhaled ( Enflurane, Halothane, Sevoflurane, Isoflurane) Intravenous( Barbiturates,Etoidate, Benzodiazepines, Propofol) What are examples of administrative duties a MA has? - CORRECT ANSWER Record keeping, billing, scheduling appointments, answering phones, What are examples of methods of filling? - CORRECT ANSWER Subject,, numerical, alphabetical, chronological, geographical Vital signs? - CORRECT ANSWER Measurements of the body's most basic functions and useful in detecting or monitoring medical problems. Taking vital signs include? - CORRECT ANSWER Body temperature, blood pressure, respiration, pulse What factors can affect Normal vital signs? - CORRECT ANSWER Age, sex, weight, exercise, health conditions What is the normal temperature for a healthy adult? - CORRECT ANSWER 97.8 - 99.1 F Normal Blood pressure for a health adult? - CORRECT ANSWER 120/80 mm/Hg Normal respiratory rate for a healthy adult? - CORRECT ANSWER 16-20 respiration's per minute Heart rate for a healthy adult? - CORRECT ANSWER 60-199 beats per minute What are two main types of Analgesics? - CORRECT ANSWER Non-narcotic and narcotic What is a Thermometer? - CORRECT ANSWER a device used to measure temperature What equipment is need to record vital signs? - CORRECT ANSWER Thermometer, sphygmomanometer, stethoscope, watch What is a stethoscope? - CORRECT ANSWER instrument used to convey/hear sounds in the body What is a watch used for in vital? - CORRECT ANSWER Used to to measure pulse What is a sphygmomanometer? - CORRECT ANSWER instrument used to measure blood pressure Changes in body temperature normally indicate what? - CORRECT ANSWER Disease or other abnormal conditions What is body temperature? - CORRECT ANSWER Amount of heart produced and sustained by the body processes How is heat lost? - CORRECT ANSWER Convection, radiation, evaporation of perspiration What controls the production and loss of heat? - CORRECT ANSWER Hypothalamus and the brainstem Does the metabolism generate heat? - CORRECT ANSWER Yes How is lost of heat caused? - CORRECT ANSWER Interference with regulatory centers Orr problems to hypothalamus How is a fever cause? - CORRECT ANSWER Increase in heat production Which temperatures are well correlated? - CORRECT ANSWER Oral, rectal, gut, core temperature What temperature is the lowest correlated? - CORRECT ANSWER Oral If the average adult temp is 98.6 F what is it through the other forms of measurement? - CORRECT ANSWER Axillary- 0.5 to 1 lower Rectal temp- 0.5 to 1 higher Is rectal temperature accurate? - CORRECT ANSWER Yes What factors affect oral temp? - CORRECT ANSWER Smoking, food, breathing What can affect temperature? - CORRECT ANSWER Food diets,alcohol, physical activity, emotions, sleep changes. Which is the lowest temperature? - CORRECT ANSWER Axillary Rectal temperature? - CORRECT ANSWER Anus Oral temperature? - CORRECT ANSWER Mouth temperature Axillary temp - CORRECT ANSWER Under arm Tympanic temperature? - CORRECT ANSWER Ear Can temperature be taken on forehead, gut, temporal artery? - CORRECT ANSWER Yes Health body temperature measurement in the rectal, vaginal, tympanic is what? - CORRECT ANSWER 99.7 F Healthy adult body temperature for oral temperature is what? - CORRECT ANSWER 98.6 Vaginal temperature? - CORRECT ANSWER Vagina Normal health adult axillary temp is what? - CORRECT ANSWER 97.6 What are the 2 different type of thermometers? - CORRECT ANSWER Liquid filled and mercury filled The thermometer consists of what? - CORRECT ANSWER Temperature sensor, scale Mercury- in glass thermometers are what? - CORRECT ANSWER The most accurate liquid filled themometers Describe liquid filled thermometers? - CORRECT ANSWER Glass tube with bulb at end, when he's ouches liquid it expands, must be left in area for about 3 minutes. What must one do when wanting to clear the temperature reading on a mercury filled thermometer? - CORRECT ANSWER Shaking down WHat is another name for electronic thermometers? - CORRECT ANSWER Digital thermometers Is mercury toxic? - CORRECT ANSWER Yes Contact thermometers measure temperature by? - CORRECT ANSWER Contact, thermometer is placed in area temperature is measured and left until equilibrium is reached What is the accuracy reading of a digital thermometer? - CORRECT ANSWER 0.2 F What is an example of remote measure my? - CORRECT ANSWER Eardrum temperature Basal thermometers? - CORRECT ANSWER Special basal glass, other digital thermometers can be used but accuracy must be tested Causes for most fevers? - CORRECT ANSWER Infectious diseases, medication, immunization, heat exhaustion, tumors Treatment for fevers? - CORRECT ANSWER Over the counter meds, ibuprofen, acetaminophen or aspirin (adults) Remote thermometers work through? - CORRECT ANSWER Sensing, a sensor will respond to radiation from location producing a measurement Hyperthermia? - CORRECT ANSWER Abnormally high body temperature Hypothermia? - CORRECT ANSWER abnormally low body temperature Hyperthermia or Hypothermia in core body temperature can cause what? - CORRECT ANSWER Persistent, incompatible with human life What is basal body temperature? - CORRECT ANSWER Lowest temperature of body usually during sleep When is basalbody temp measured? - CORRECT ANSWER Right after waking up and befor any physical activity What is Hypothermia temperature level? - CORRECT ANSWER 95 F What can cause Hypothermia? - CORRECT ANSWER Exposure to cold and unable to replenish heat the drop in temperature will occur What are treatments for Hypothermia/ - CORRECT ANSWER Noninvasive, passive external warming to external rewarding, to active core rewarding. In severe cases resuscitation and removal from cold management of airway, breathing, circulation When temperature is very high what happens? - CORRECT ANSWER Medical emergency o prevent disability or death What is core temperature? - CORRECT ANSWER temperature of the deep tissues Treatment for hyper Mia depends on what? - CORRECT ANSWER Cause What temperature is considered hyperthermia? - CORRECT ANSWER 104 F What is blood pressure BP ? - CORRECT ANSWER It is the pressure of the circulating blood against the walls of the blood vessels. Blood pressure readers to what? - CORRECT ANSWER Arterial pressure of systemic circulation Most common causes to hyperthermia? - CORRECT ANSWER Drugs,heat stroke, or heat exposure How is B measurement expressed? - CORRECT ANSWER Systolic over diastolic During a heartbeat what does np Cary upon? - CORRECT ANSWER Systolic and diastolic presure What is systolic? - CORRECT ANSWER The maximum arterial pressure during contraction of the left ventricle of the heart What is low blood pressure called? - CORRECT ANSWER Hypotension What is Diastolic? - CORRECT ANSWER The minimum arterial pressure during relaxation and dilation What is orthostatic hypotension? - CORRECT ANSWER When a person's blood pressure falls when moving from a seated or lying position to a standing position. What are symptoms of signs of low BP? - CORRECT ANSWER Dizziness, lightheaded, fainting Why is pregnancy a cause of low BP? - CORRECT ANSWER Due to circulatory system expanding very fast What happens if BP is low enough to cause an insufficient blood flow to organs? - CORRECT ANSWER Stokes, heart attacks, kidney failure, and shock What heart conditions can cause loe BP? - CORRECT ANSWER Heart attack, heart valve problems, bradycardia, heart failure What is Bradycardia? - CORRECT ANSWER slow heart rate Why are heart problems a cause for low blood pressure? - CORRECT ANSWER Because they can prevent the body from circulating enough blood What is dehydration? - CORRECT ANSWER insufficient amount of tissue fluid Can dehydration cause low BP? - CORRECT ANSWER Yes What causes dehydration? - CORRECT ANSWER Vomiting, diarrhea, fever, physical axtivitty What can dehydration cause? - CORRECT ANSWER Dizziness, weakness and fatigue Can endocrine problems cause BP? - CORRECT ANSWER Yes How does loss of blood cause low BP? - CORRECT ANSWER Reduces amount of blood in body which gives a low BP What is Hyperthyroidism? - CORRECT ANSWER overactive thyroid What is Hypothyroidism? - CORRECT ANSWER underactive thyroid What is hypoglycemia - CORRECT ANSWER low blood sugar Can a severe infection cause BP? - CORRECT ANSWER Yes When can septicemia happen? - CORRECT ANSWER When an infection enters the bloodstream What is anaphylaxis? - CORRECT ANSWER Severe allergic reaction What is Addison's disease? - CORRECT ANSWER Adrenalinsufficieny What can anaphylaxis cause? - CORRECT ANSWER Itching, hives, breathing problems, swollen throat and drop in BP What is anemia? - CORRECT ANSWER Anemia is a deficiency in red blood cells or hemoglobin. Insufficiency of vitamin what causes anemia? - CORRECT ANSWER B-12 What medications cause low BP? - CORRECT ANSWER Alpha blockers, beta blockers, Diuretics, tricyclics antidepressants, drugs for Parkinson's disease, sidenafil with combination of heart medication nitroglycerin. Triggers for anaphylaxis? - CORRECT ANSWER Food, medications, insect venoms, latex What is postural/ orthostatic hypotension? - CORRECT ANSWER Drop in BP when switching positions from lying to standing position. What is postprandial hypotension? - CORRECT ANSWER blood pressure reduction after eating Who does postprandial hypotension normally affect? - CORRECT ANSWER People with High BP, and people suffering form autonomic nervous system disorders What can reduce the symptoms of postprandial hypotension? - CORRECT ANSWER Smaller food portions, eat low carbohydrate meals, low BP meds What medications can cause postural/ orthostatic hypotension? - CORRECT ANSWER Antidepressants, high BP meds, meds for erectile dysfunction, meds for Parkinson's disease What are symptoms of NeurallyMediated Hypotension? - CORRECT ANSWER Nausea, dizziness, fainting What is neurally mediated hypotension? - CORRECT ANSWER Miscommunication between heart and brain that decreases blood pressure after standing for long periods of time. Are alpha blockers at a higher risk of low blood pressure? - CORRECT ANSWER Yes Hypotension depends on ? - CORRECT ANSWER Age, medications, certain diseases How is BP treated? - CORRECT ANSWER By finding source and stopping or changing source Orvaten and proamatine do what in regards to BP? - CORRECT ANSWER Raise staniding BP in people with chronic orthostatic hypotension by restricting ability of blood vessels to expand which raises BP What is blood pressure? - CORRECT ANSWER force of blood against arterial walls is high enough to cause health problems What happens if high blood pressure is left uncontrolled? - CORRECT ANSWER Can cause severe health problems such as heart attack and stroke What are the 2 types of blood pressure? - CORRECT ANSWER Primary (essential) hypertension and secondary hypertension Are there identifiable causes for hypertension? - CORRECT ANSWER No Primary hypertension? - CORRECT ANSWER denotes high blood pressure from an unidentified cause; also called essential hypertension How does primary hypertension form? - CORRECT ANSWER Slowly over the course of many year's What is secondary hypertension? - CORRECT ANSWER Hypertension cause by complication brought on by another disease How does secondary hypertension form? - CORRECT ANSWER Appears suddenly and causes a higher pressure than primary hypertension What does fludrocortisone do? - CORRECT ANSWER In BP it helps by boosting blood volume which raises blood pressure What medical conditions can lead to secondary hypertension? - CORRECT ANSWER Kidney problems, adrenal gland tumor, defects in blood vessels What medications can lead to secondary hypertension? - CORRECT ANSWER Birth control, over the counter meds, cold remedies, decongestants, cocaine, amphetamines With age High BP does what? - CORRECT ANSWER Increase When is it common for men to get high BP? - CORRECT ANSWER Early middle ages When is it common for women to get high blood Pressure - CORRECT ANSWER After menopause High blood pressure is more common in what race? - CORRECT ANSWER African Americans Stroke and heart attacks are more common In what race? - CORRECT ANSWER African Americans Does high blood pressure run in families? - CORRECT ANSWER Yes Being physically inactive causes high blood pressure? - CORRECT ANSWER Yes What happens when the blood pressure increases? - CORRECT ANSWER The heart works harder Weight and obesity do what to blood pressure? - CORRECT ANSWER If the weight is higher then more blood is needed for oxygen supply which increases pressure in the artery walls What does smoking Tobacco do to blood pressure? - CORRECT ANSWER Raise BP temporary and chemicals can damage the lining of artery walls c An second hand smoke also affect BP - CORRECT ANSWER Yes What does alcohol do to BP ? - CORRECT ANSWER 2-3 drinks at once can increase BP temporarily, and affect the heart over time What does sodium do to BP? - CORRECT ANSWER Can cause the body to retain fluids which cause high blood pressure What does potassium do in the body? - CORRECT ANSWER promotes fluid movement out of cells and the bloodstream, lowers blood pressure If not enough potassium what happens? - CORRECT ANSWER Sodium can accumulate in blood Stress can cause high BP? - CORRECT ANSWER Yes temporary yet dramatic What chronic conditions can increase risk of high BP? - CORRECT ANSWER Cholesterol, diabetes, kidney disease and sleep apnea Can pregnancy contribute to high BP? - CORRECT ANSWER Yes Can children get hypertension? - CORRECT ANSWER Yes 'What are hypertension risk factors ? - CORRECT ANSWER Age, race, family history, physically inactive, overweight or obese, tobacco use, alcohol, sodium, potassium, stress, chronic conditions, pregnancy Thiazide diuretics do what? - CORRECT ANSWER Diuretics act on kidneys to help the body eliminate sodium and water to reduce blood volume. Diuretics are also called? - CORRECT ANSWER Water pills What do beta blockers do? - CORRECT ANSWER Reduce workload on heart, open blood vessels which cause heart the beat slower and with less force Alone beta blockers don't work as well on? - CORRECT ANSWER African Americans or in the elderly , must combine with thiazide diuretics ACE inhibitors full name? - CORRECT ANSWER Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors What do ACE inhibitors do? - CORRECT ANSWER Relaxes blood vessels as they are blocking formation of natural chemicals that narrow blood vessels What do angiotensin 2 receptor blockers do? - CORRECT ANSWER Helps relax blood vessels as they block the action not formation of natural chemical that narrow blood vessels Calcium Channel Blockers? - CORRECT ANSWER Help relax muscle of blood vessels Renin Inhibitors (tekturna) - CORRECT ANSWER Slows down production of renin What is renin? - CORRECT ANSWER Secreted by the kidney starts chemical steps to raises BP What do alpha blockers do? - CORRECT ANSWER Reduce nerve impulses to blood vessels Alpha beta blockers - CORRECT ANSWER Reduce nerve impulses to blood vessels Central acting agents do what? - CORRECT ANSWER Prevent the brain from signaling the nervous system to increase heart rate and narrow blood vessels Vasodilators do what? - CORRECT ANSWER Work directly on the muscles in the walls of the arteries preventing the muscles from tightening and arteries from narrowing What are the four general categories and which blood pressure is classified - CORRECT ANSWER Normal blood pressure, pre-hypertension, stage one hypertension, and stage two hypertension What is normal blood pressure? - CORRECT ANSWER 120/80 mmHg What is pre-hypertension? - CORRECT ANSWER Systolic: 120-139 Diastolic: 80-89 [Show More]

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