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CPSI Exam 117 Questions with Verified Answers,100% CORRECT

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CPSI Exam 117 Questions with Verified Answers Priority 1 - CORRECT ANSWER One that could cause an injury which would result in death, brain damage, permanent paralysis, loss of vision or a limb, or... the destruction of an organ. Four major causes of Priority 1 - CORRECT ANSWER Falls to hard underlying surfaces; entanglement of clothing, strings, or ropes; head entrapment in equipment openings; and impact by moving or tipped apparatus Methods Used to Determine Shock Absorbency - CORRECT ANSWER 200g maximum and 1000 HIC maximum Priority 2 - CORRECT ANSWER Any condition which can cause serious or non-disabling injury. Projection - CORRECT ANSWER Condition which, due to its physical nature, must be tested to the requirements of this standard to determine whether it is a protrusion or entanglement hazard, or both. Entanglement - CORRECT ANSWER Condition in which the user's clothes or something around the user's neck becomes caught or entwined on a component of playground equipment; Examples include bolt ends that extend more than two threads beyond the face of the nut and open S type hooks. Entrapment - CORRECT ANSWER Any condition which impedes withdrawal of a body or body part that has penetrated an opening; No opening may measure between three and one-half inches and nine inches Protective Barrier - CORRECT ANSWER Enclosing device around an elevated surface that prevents both inadvertent and deliberate attempts to pass through the device. Protrusion - CORRECT ANSWER Projection which, when tested in accordance with the requirements of this standard, is found to be a hazard having the potential to cause bodily injury to a user who impacts it. ASTM F1292 - CORRECT ANSWER Specification for Impact Attenuation of Surfacing Materials Within the Use Zone of Playground Equipment ASTM 1951 - CORRECT ANSWER Specification for Determination of Accessibility of Surface Systems Under and Around Playground Equipment ASTM F1487 - CORRECT ANSWER Standard Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Playground Equipment for Public Use 5th percentile - CORRECT ANSWER 2-year-old 95th percentile - CORRECT ANSWER 12-year-old CCA - CORRECT ANSWER Chromated copper arsenate The designer or manufacturer of each play structure shall provide to the owner/operator - CORRECT ANSWER Clear and concise inspection, maintenance, and repair instructions, including, but not limited to, what, when, and how to inspect, maintain, and repair. The owner/operator shall establish and maintain detailed - CORRECT ANSWER Installation, inspection, maintenance, and repair records for each public-use playground equipment area Posting of signs and/or labels shall be the responsibility of the - CORRECT ANSWER Owner/operator of the play equipment. The information regarding the intended ages of users shall be provided by - CORRECT ANSWER The manufacturer, designer, or consultant Information communicated on the sign or label, or both, shall address but not be limited to the following - CORRECT ANSWER Age appropriateness, supervision recommendation, removal of helmets, drawstrings or accessories around the neck, hot play surfaces and/or surfacing, when applicable, hazard of play equipment located over hard surfaces, when applicable All play structures and composite play structures shall be required to have the manufacturer's - CORRECT ANSWER Identification Toddlers - CORRECT ANSWER 6 months through 23 months Pre-school age - CORRECT ANSWER Ages 2 through 5 School age - CORRECT ANSWER Ages 5 through 12 Pre-school — Ages 2-5 years - CORRECT ANSWER Certain climbers, Horizontal ladders less than or equal to 60" high for ages 4 and 5, Merry-go-rounds, Ramps, Rung ladders, Single file step ladders, Slides, Spiral slides up to 360°, Spring rockers, Stairways, Swings - belt, full bucket seats (2-4 years) & rotating tire School-age — Ages 5-12 years - CORRECT ANSWER Arch climbers, Chain or cable walks, Free standing climbing events with flexible parts, Fulcrum seesaws, Ladders - Horizontal, Rung, and Step, Overhead rings, Merry-go-rounds, Ramps, Ring treks, Slides, Spiral slides more than one 360° turn, Stairways, Swings - belt and rotating tire, Track rides, Vertical sliding poles Concrete, asphalt, or packed earth are not acceptable as surfaces under playground equipment are - CORRECT ANSWER not acceptable as surfaces under playground equipment. Engineered wood fiber, wood mulch, shredded rubber, rubber tiles, poured-in-place rubber, sand, and pea gravel - CORRECT ANSWER offer protection as they cushion a fall. Use zone - CORRECT ANSWER Protective surface zone under and around playground equipment where a child might fall. Stationary play equipment use zone - CORRECT ANSWER Minimum of six feet in all directions Slides higher than six feet use zone - CORRECT ANSWER Equal to the height of the platform or slide entrance Swing use zone - CORRECT ANSWER Equal to two times the height of the pivots or swing hangers Trip Hazards - CORRECT ANSWER Exposed components or items such as concrete borders, tree roots and stumps, rocks, and elevation changes are all common trip hazards A "safe" playground - CORRECT ANSWER Scheduled and preventative maintenance must be present Pinch, Crush, Shearing, and Sharp Edge Hazards - CORRECT ANSWER Components which have sharp edges or points that could penetrate the skin create this hazard. Moving parts, such as on seesaws, swings, suspension bridges, merry-go-rounds, and track rides, should have no visible moving parts that can crush, shear, or pinch a child's finger. Guardrails - CORRECT ANSWER prevent accidental falls from playground equipment Guardrails are required for pre-school children - CORRECT ANSWER Equipment higher than 20" Protective barriers are required for pre-school children - CORRECT ANSWER Platforms higher than 30" Equipment Not Recommended for Public Playgrounds. The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) - CORRECT ANSWER Examples are heavy swings or multiple occupancy gliders or swings, free swinging ropes, and swinging exercise rings and trapeze bars A completely bounded opening is tested by - CORRECT ANSWER First inserting the torso probe to a depth of 4 inches or more. If the torso probe can be inserted, then the head probe must also pass through the opening. If it doesn't pass through, the opening fails and it is considered a head entrapment. A flexible opening is tested by - CORRECT ANSWER First attempting to insert the torso probe. If the probe passes through the opening, using a force of 50 pounds, then the head probe must also pass through or the opening fails Completely bounded openings with an opening between the bottom edge of the equipment and the protective surface are - CORRECT ANSWER Exempt from the head entrapment criteria Critical height is defined as - CORRECT ANSWER The maximum fall height from which a life threatening head injury would not be expected to occur. The purpose of critical height ratings is to approximate the maximum fall height that would not result in a life threatening head injury Fall height is - CORRECT ANSWER The vertical distance between a designated play surface and the playground surface beneath it. The responsibilities for conformance with critical height ratings are - CORRECT ANSWER Manufacturers and installers are responsible for providing critical height ratings for surface products; Owner/operators are responsible for having protective surfacing installed that meets the fall height requirements of the equipment Critical height is determined by - CORRECT ANSWER The maximum peak deceleration before a debilitating head injury might occur is 200 g's. HIC, Head Injury Criteria, measures the time of deceleration. The value of the HIC must be less than 1000 to avoid a life threatening head injury Crush or shear hazards could cause the user to have the following injuries: - CORRECT ANSWER Contusion, laceration, abrasion, amputation or fracture during the use of playground equipment Crush and shear dowels - CORRECT ANSWER 3/16", 5/16", and 5/8" and an articulated finger probe Priority 3 - CORRECT ANSWER A condition which may cause slight injury; *a condition which may not have caused injury but does not meet the requirements in ASTMI F1487 Standard Consumer Safety Performance Specifications for Playground Equipment for Public Use, and the 1997 CPSC Handbook for Public Playground Safety. Fall Height - Swing - CORRECT ANSWER Height of pivot point Fall Height -Elevated Platforms - CORRECT ANSWER Height of the platform Fall Height -Upper Body Equipment - CORRECT ANSWER Maximum height of structure Fall Height -Climbers - Free-Standing - CORRECT ANSWER Highest part of the climbing component Fall Height -Climbers - Climbers - Access/Egress - CORRECT ANSWER Highest part of the climber intended for foot support Fall Height -Climbers - Merry-Go-Rounds - CORRECT ANSWER Height of any part of perimeter on which child may sit or stand Fall Height -See-Saws - CORRECT ANSWER Maximum height attainable by any part of the see-saw Fall Height -Spring Rockers - CORRECT ANSWER Maximum height above the ground by seat or designated play surface Fall Height -Balance Beams - CORRECT ANSWER Highest part of the walking surface Fall Height -Sliding Poles - CORRECT ANSWER Platform when accessed from platform Fall Height -Sliding Poles without Platform - CORRECT ANSWER 60" below highest portion of pole Fall Height -Sliding Poles without Platform - CORRECT ANSWER The highest point of the rolling part Fall Height -Roofs - CORRECT ANSWER Have no fall height requirements Use Zone - Stationary Equipment - CORRECT ANSWER Should extend a minimum of 6 feet from perimeter. May overlap if designated play surfaces are no more than 30 inches above the protective surfacing Use Zone - Slides - CORRECT ANSWER No less than 6 feet from slide exit end; maximum 8 feet (CPSC - 14 feet maximum); No overlap. 6 feet around all other sides. Use Zone - Single Axis Swings - CORRECT ANSWER Two times height of pivot point to surface front and back and 6 feet at either end. Ends may overlap. Use Zone - Multi-Axis Swings - CORRECT ANSWER Six feet from pivot point plus length of suspending member, 6 feet at the ends. Ends may overlap. What is the minimum height of the upper rail for barriers for children 5-12? - CORRECT ANSWER 38" What is the minimum height for the upper rails of guardrails on equipment designed for children ages 5-12? - CORRECT ANSWER 38" What is the maximum height of an elevated structure designed for children ages 2-5 before it requires barriers? - CORRECT ANSWER 30" The size of the crush/shear test probe on an opening with movement is what? - CORRECT ANSWER 5/8" What is the correct diameter of the crush/shear test probe on a merry-go-round? - CORRECT ANSWER 5/16" What is the maximum height that an elevated structure for children 5-12 can be without having barriers? - CORRECT ANSWER 48" What is the maximum height that a structure designed for children ages 5-12 can be before guardrails are required? - CORRECT ANSWER 30" What is the maximum height of an elevated structure designed for children ages 2-5 before it requires barriers? - CORRECT ANSWER 30" What is the minimum height of the upper rail of a barrier on equipment designed for children ages 2-5? - CORRECT ANSWER 29" What is the maximum height of the lower rail on a guardrail on equipment designed for children ages 5-12? - CORRECT ANSWER 28" On a piece of equipment designed for children aged 2-5, what is the maximum height of the lower rail of guardrail? - CORRECT ANSWER 23" On an elevated structure designed for children age 2-5, what is the maximum height allowed before guardrails are required? - CORRECT ANSWER 20" What is the diameter of the head probe? - CORRECT ANSWER 9" What is the minimum insertion depth of a torso probe? - CORRECT ANSWER 4" What is the required thickness of a torso probe? - CORRECT ANSWER 3.5" The rungs on a rigid climbing apparatus should have a maximum diameter of what? - CORRECT ANSWER 1.55" What should be the minimum diameter of the rungs on a rigid climbing apparatus? - CORRECT ANSWER .95" The test probe on a partially - bounded opening should have a minimum insertion depth of - CORRECT ANSWER 3/4" What is the correct size of the crush/shear test probe for roller slides? - CORRECT ANSWER 3/16" The maximum use space zone for equipment <30" is what? - CORRECT ANSWER 72" The minimum use zone for standing rocking equipment is how much? - CORRECT ANSWER 84" The maximum use zone at a the exit region of a slide is how much? - CORRECT ANSWER 96" What is the maximum use zone permitted for adjacent play structures of 30" high? - CORRECT ANSWER 108" The maximum allowable opening size on an s-hook is what? - CORRECT ANSWER .04" What is the size of vertical projection gauge? - CORRECT ANSWER 1/8" NPSI - CORRECT ANSWER National Playground Safety Institute Mission of NPSI - CORRECT ANSWER It is the mission of the National Recreation and Park Association's National Playground Safety Institute to teach the public how to provide a safe challenging play environment for all children Vision Statement for NPSI - CORRECT ANSWER Promote understanding, develop training to identify and eliminate safe hazards on the playground, provide materials and resources for providers to establish a comprehensive program of playground management Mission of CPSI - CORRECT ANSWER CPSI should be nearly flawless in their knowledge of the basic standard of care while conducting their business IAW Certified Playground Safety Inspector Code of Professional Conduct Vison Statement of CPSI - CORRECT ANSWER Each CSPSI should be able to identify safe hazards; rank the hazard according to their likelihood of causing a playground accident, prioritize the hazards found within the playground environment to help create an action plan to eliminate these hazards Code of Professional Practice for CPSI - CORRECT ANSWER Hold safety of playgrounds user paramount; Utilize current standards of NPSI; Maintain currency and competency in playground safety auditing procedures including testing of tools and current safety criteria; Identify and document non-compliance; prioritize non-compliances; advise employers or clients of seriously dangerous conditions; Never conduct an audit without the knowledge and consent of playground owner; Never contradict the findings of another CPSI without first consulting with CPSI; Never conduct a safety audit of a playground with the intent to discredit owner or manufacturer; Never provide findings to anyone other than playground owner unless authorized to do so ASTM 2223 - CORRECT ANSWER Standard Guide for ASTM Standards on Playground Surfacing ASTM 2373 - CORRECT ANSWER Standard Consumer Safety Performance Specifications for Public Use Play Equipment for Children 6 mos to 23 Months AIM - CORRECT ANSWER Audit, Inspection, Maintenance NEISS - - CORRECT ANSWER National Electronic Injury Surveillance System When selecting surfacing, wheelchair accessible routes should be compliant with - CORRECT ANSWER ASTM 1951 Manufacturers of playground equipment must: - CORRECT ANSWER Provide identification on their equipment The requirement that a playground should have an accessible route from the perimeter to all accessible play structures with an overhead clearance of 80", a minimum width of 60", and a maximum slope of 1:16 is part of which standards? - CORRECT ANSWER ADA/ABA Accessibility Guidelines What is a disadvantage to using a unitary surface system such as mats or tiles? - CORRECT ANSWER High Initial Cost T or F - Grass is an acceptable playground surface material. - CORRECT ANSWER False What is the best source for accessible design information? - CORRECT ANSWER DOJ 2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design The purpose of ASTM Standard 1487 is what? - CORRECT ANSWER To reduce life threatening and debilitating injuries Which of the following ASTM documents should be used as a reference when selecting a surface system to be installed in a public playground? - CORRECT ANSWER F2223 ASTM 1487 covers? - CORRECT ANSWER Public Safety Equipment The user range covered by ASTM F1487 is? - CORRECT ANSWER 5th percentile 2 year old to 95th percentile 12 year old The most appropriate place to find information regarding fencing for use around public playgrounds is: - CORRECT ANSWER ASTM 2049 An overhead utility line is located above a public playground. To determine the required clearance of the line above the equipment and surfacing a CPSI should consult: - CORRECT ANSWER Local, State, or national electrical codes. A track ride use zone is how many inches? - CORRECT ANSWER 72" T or F - Log rolls do not have non-overlapping use zones? - CORRECT ANSWER True A spring rocker with a seat height of 26" is about to be installed adjacent to the side of a fully enclosed bucket seat swing set. The minimum distance required between them is: - CORRECT ANSWER 108" A track ride use zone is? - CORRECT ANSWER 72" [Show More]

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