*NURSING > CASE STUDY > JoAnn Smith _ Case Study _Heart_Failure_2020 | NUR 240 Case Study _Heart_Failure (All)

JoAnn Smith _ Case Study _Heart_Failure_2020 | NUR 240 Case Study _Heart_Failure

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Heart Failure JoAnn Smith, 72 years old Primary Concept Perfusion Interrelated Concepts (In order of emphasis) 1. Gas Exchange 2. Fluid and Electrolyte Balance 3. Clinical Judgment ... 4. Patient Education 5. Communication 6. Collaboration UNFOLDING Reasoning Case Study: STUDENT History of Present Problem: Heart Failure JoAnn Smith is a 72-year-old woman who has a history of myocardial infarction (MI) four years ago and systolic heart failure secondary to ischemic cardiomyopathy with a current ejection fraction (EF) of only 15%. She presents to the emergency department (ED) for shortness of breath (SOB) the past three days. Her shortness of breath has progressed from SOB with activity to becoming SOB at rest. The last two nights she had to sleep in her recliner chair to rest comfortably upright. She is able to speak only in partial sentences and then has to take a breath when talking to the nurse. She has noted increased swelling in her lower legs and has gained six pounds in the last three days. She is being transferred from the ED to the cardiac step-down where you are the nurse assigned to care for her. Personal/Social History: JoAnn is a retired math teacher who is unable to maintain the level of activity she has been accustomed to because of the progression of her heart failure the past two years. She has struggled with depression the past two years and has been more withdrawn since her husband of 52 years died unexpectedly three months ago from a myocardial infarction. What data from the histories is RELEVANT and has clinical significance to the nurse? RELEVANT Data from Present Problem: Clinical Significance: MI four years ago, increase shortness of breath at rest; can only speak in partial sentences, ischemic cardiomyopathy with EF of 15% last two nights slept in recliner increased swelling in lower legs gained 6 pounds in last 3 days MI is significant because it decreases heart function due to death of myocardial muscle EF of 15% shows that the heart is having a hard time pumping blood out to rest of the body therefore starving it of oxygenated blood. Weight gain and increased swelling signifies she is fluid overloaded and it can be reason why she is having a hard time talking, breathing, being active and why she has to sleep in a recliner the past 2 nights RELEVANT Data from Social History: Clinical Significance: Retired math teacher, recent widow, history of depression, decreasing activity level Depression might affect her enthusiasm to recover, to stick to a therapy regimen What is the RELATIONSHIP of your patient’s past medical history (PMH) and current meds? (Which medication treats which condition? Draw lines to connect) PMH: Home Meds: Pharm. Classification: Expected Outcome: • Diabetes mellitus type II • Hypertension • Atrial fibrillation • Hyperlipidemia • Chronic renal insufficiency (baseline creatinine 2.0) • Cerebral vascular accident (CVA) with no residual deficits • Heart failure (systolic) secondary to ischemic cardiomyopathy • MI with stent x2 to LAD 4 years ago 1. ASA 81 mg PO daily 2. Carvedilol 3.25 mg PO daily 3. Lisinopril 5 mg PO daily 4. Ezetimide 10 mg PO daily 5. Hydralazine 25 mg PO 4x daily 6. Torsemide 20 mg PO bid 7. KCL 20 meq PO daily 8. Warfarin 5 mg PO daily 9. Glyburide 5 mg PO daily • Antiplatelets • Beta blocker • ACE inhibitor • Cholesterol medication • Vasodilator • Diuretic • Electrolyte replacement • Anticoagulant • Antidiabetic • Decrease chance of clot formation • Decrease blood pressure • Decrease blood pressure, helps with heart failure, decrease chance of death from heart attack • Decrease cholesterol • Decrease blood pressure • Decrease swelling, decrease fluid overload • Increase serum potassium • Thins the blood, decrease chance of clot forming • Treat type 2 diabetes, helps control blood sugar levels - - - - - - - - - -- Continued [Show More]

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