*NURSING > CASE STUDY > Elena Acosta _ Withdrawal/Pneumonia UNFOLDING Reasoning | ETOH Withdrawal/Pneumonia UNFOLDING Reason (All)

Elena Acosta _ Withdrawal/Pneumonia UNFOLDING Reasoning | ETOH Withdrawal/Pneumonia UNFOLDING Reasoning

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ETOH Withdrawal/Pneumonia UNFOLDING Reasoning Case Study Elena Acosta, 54 years old Primary Concept Addiction Interrelated Concepts (In order of emphasis) • Infection • Intracr... anial Regulation • Patient Education • Communication • Collaboration NCLEX Client Need Categories Percentage of Items from Each Category/Subcategory Covered in Case Study Safe and Effective Care Environment • Management of Care 17-23% ✓ • Safety and Infection Control 9-15% ✓ Health Promotion and Maintenance 6-12% ✓ Psychosocial Integrity 6-12% ✓ Physiological Integrity • Basic Care and Comfort 6-12% ✓ • Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies 12-18% ✓ • Reduction of Risk Potential 9-15% ✓ • Physiological Adaptation 11-17% ✓ History of Present Problem: Elena Acosta is a 54-yr. old Hispanic woman with hypertension managed with hydrochlorothiazide. She is 63” (160.2 cm) and weighs 175 pounds (79.3 kg-BMI 31.0). She felt “crummy” and weaker the last 24 hours and called 911 when she began to have mid-sternal chest pain that increased with coughing and developed a harsh productive cough with green phlegm with difficulty breathing. Initial lab results: WBC 14.5, neutrophils 92%, Hgb 12.9, potassium 3.5, creatinine 1.1, total bili 0.9, ALT 42, chest x-ray revealed RLL infiltrate consistent with pneumonia, blood and sputum cultures collected and pending. Smell of ETOH present on her breath. Blood alcohol level 0.04, urine drug screen negative. She is admitted to the medical unit with a diagnosis of pneumonia. You are the nurse responsible for her care. Personal/Social History: Ms. Acosta works in a mid-level management position for a corporate finance company. She describes her job as quite stressful. She drinks 4-5 cups of coffee every day and to least 1-2 alcoholic drinks most days. She states that she shouldn’t smoke and has cut down to about ½ a pack per day. She reports drinking more and sleeping poorly following her father’s death over a year ago. She takes alprazolam as needed for sleep or when she feels more anxious. She is hesitant to be admitted because she has a high deductible insurance plan and doesn’t know how she will be able to afford it. What data from the histories are RELEVANT and have clinical significance to the nurse? (Reduction of Risk Potential) RELEVANT Data from Present Problem: Clinical Significance: RELEVANT Data from Social History: Clinical Significance: Patient Care Begins: Initial Assessment Medical Unit Current VS: P-Q-R-S-T Pain Assessment: T: 101.2 F/38.4 C (oral) Provoking/Palliative: nothing P: 96 (regular) Quality: ache R: 28 (regular) Region/Radiation: Denies chest pain currently/Headache-global BP: 138/88 Severity: 5/10 O2 sat: 92% room air Timing: constant What VS data are RELEVANT and must be interpreted as clinically significant by the nurse? (Reduction of Risk Potential/Health Promotion and Maintenance) RELEVANT VS Data: Clinical Significance: Current Assessment: GENERAL SURVEY: Looks older than stated age, alert, oriented, pleasant, in no acute distress, calm, body relaxed, no grimacing, appears to be resting comfortably. NEUROLOGICAL: Alert & oriented to person, place, and situation (x3), knew year, but wrong day of week, feels fatigued with chills, weak, no focal deficits HEENT: Head normocephalic with symmetry of all facial features. PERRLA, sclera white bilaterally, conjunctival sac pink bilaterally. Lips, tongue, and oral mucosa pink and moist. RESPIRATORY: Breath sounds bibasilar crackles posteriorly, diminished aeration R>L bases, nonlabored respiratory effort on room air, productive cough with moderate amount thick yellow/brown tinged sputum CARDIAC: Pink, warm & dry, no edema, heart sounds regular, pulses strong, equal with palpation at radial/pedal/post-tibial landmarks, brisk cap refill. Heart tones audible and regular, S1 and S2 noted over A-P-E-T-M cardiac landmarks with no abnormal beats or murmurs. No JVD noted at 30-45 degrees. ABDOMEN: Abdomen round, soft, and nontender. BS + in all 4 quadrants GU: Voiding without difficulty, urine clear/yellow INTEGUMENTARY: Skin warm, dry, intact, normal color for ethnicity. No clubbing of nails, cap refill <3 seconds, Hair soft-distribution normal for age and gender. Skin integrity intact, skin turgor elastic, no tenting present. What assessment data is RELEVANT and must be interpreted as clinically significant by the nurse? (Reduction of Risk Potential/Health Promotion & Maintenance) RELEVANT Assessment Data: Clinical Significance: Clinical Reasoning Begins… 1. Interpreting relevant clinical data, what is the primary problem? What primary health related concepts does this primary problem represent? (Management of Care/Physiologic Adaptation) [Show More]

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