*NURSING > EXAM > WALDEN UNIVERSITY - NURS 6521 PHARMACOLOGY MIDTERM EXAM 2021 Quality Revision material Graded A with (All)

WALDEN UNIVERSITY - NURS 6521 PHARMACOLOGY MIDTERM EXAM 2021 Quality Revision material Graded A with questions and 100% correct answers

Document Content and Description Below

WALDEN UNIVERSITY - NURS 6521 PHARMACOLOGY MIDTERM TEST 2021 • Question 1 A physician has ordered subcutaneous injections of morphine, a narcotic, every 4 hours as needed for pain for a motor vehicl... e accident victim. The nurse is aware that there is a high abuse potential for this drug and that it is categorized as a • Question 2 Glargine (Lantus) is an insulin analog that essentially has no peak and is usually administered: • Question 3 The NP is examining a 34-year-old obese man with a body mass index (BMI) of 35 who complains of almost daily indigestion and heartburn for the past year with a strong acid taste in the mouth about an hour after meals, and frequent belching and awakening at night with choking. The history is negative for chronic illnesses and alarm symptoms. A diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is made. What is the best initial treatment for the patient? • Question 4 A patient comes to the clinic asking for help to quit drinking alcohol. She has a 21-year history of heavy drinking and is worried about developing cirrhosis of the liver. The patient agrees to take disulfiram (Antabuse). The nurse will teach the patient that the combination of alcohol and Antabuse will cause which of the following? • Question 5 Typical adverse reactions to oral calcium-channel blockers include: • Question 6 Mr. Contreras is a 64-year-old patient with Type 2 diabetes. He has recently been diagnosed with hypertension. Which antihypertensive drug is the recommended choice to treat hypertension in patients with diabetes? • Question 7 Mr. Johnson is an 80 year old male who is on Digoxin therapy. The Nurse Practitioner knows they should monitor the older adult patient for which of the most common adverse reactions of digoxin? • Question 8 /Jillian is a Nurse Practitioner. She recognizes that Nurse Practitioner prescriptive authority Is regulated by: • Question 9 A Nurse Practitioner is conducting an assessment of a patient who has recently had several changes made to her drug regimen. What assessment question most directly addresses the safety implications of the patient's drug regimen? • Question 10 A patient has been started on a treatment regimen that includes levothyroxine. Select the dosage regimen that is most appropriate for a mean replacement dosage. The patient has been started on a treatment regimen that includes levothyroxine. Select the dosage regimen that is most appropriate for a mean replacement dosage. • Question 11 A Nurse Practitioner is caring for a patient who is diabetic and has been diagnosed with hypertension. An angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, captopril, has been prescribed for her. Which of the following should the Nurse Practitioner assess before beginning drug therapy? • Question 12 A 76-year-old woman has a complex medical history that includes emphysema, osteoporosis, malnutrition, and hypothyroidism. Recently, the woman fell outside her home as a result of weakness and suffered a fracture to her femoral head. The woman's subsequent hip-replacement surgery has been scheduled and the care team recognizes that the use of isoflurane will be most significantly influenced by • Question 13 A common side effect of metformin (Glucophage) therapy is: Diarrhea • Question 14 The side effects of antihistamines are mostly due to their: • Question 15 The APRN's ability to prescribe controlled substances is regulated by: • Question 16 Which type of antihistamines are used to inhibit the secretion of gastric acid in patients with gastrointestinal disorders? • Question 17 The recommended range for maintaining serum theophylline levels is: • Question 18 The anticoagulant drug that acts as a vitamin K antagonist is: COUMADIN • Question 19 Which of the following is a potential adverse side effect of autonomic-anticholinergic agents? • Question 20 The first drugs typically used to treat the symptoms of an allergic reaction or allergic rhinitis are: • Question 21 The point in time on the drug concentration curve that indicates the first sign of a therapeutic effect is the • Question 22 Mr. Lastinger was prescribed warfarin sodium (Coumadin). You advise him to avoid eating large amounts of leafy green vegetables because: • Question 23 Some first-generation antihistamines are used: • Question 24 All of the following agents are used to control the inflammatory changes seen in the lungs of asthmatics except: • Question 25 Which of the following oral medications is the safest to use during pregnancy? • Question 26 Ginger, a 25 year old female presents at the clinic with known history of depression. She reports taking an SSRI with only partial relief. Which of the following drugs can be used safely at any dose in conjunction with an SSRI? • Question 27 Jillian is a Nurse Practitioner. She recognizes that Nurse Practitioner prescriptive authority Is regulated by: • Question 28 Biguanides control hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes primarily by acting at which organ? • Question 29 A possible side effect from the use of nifedipine (Procardia XL) is: • Question 30 Metformin (Glucophage) acts by: • Question 31 A Nurse Practitioner is discussing with a patient the efficacy of a drug that his physician has suggested, and he begin taking. Efficacy of a drug means which of the following? • Question 32 The Elderly are at high risk of Adverse Drug Reactions due to: • Question 33 A 34-year-old male patient is prescribed methimazole (MMI). The Nurse Practitioner will advise him to report which of the following immediately? • Question 34 A patient with type 1 diabetes has been admitted to the hospital for orthopedic surgery and the care team anticipates some disruptions to the patient's blood glucose levels in the days following surgery. Which of the following insulin regimens is most likely to achieve adequate glycemic control? • Question 35 A patient in need of myocardial infarction prophylaxis has been prescribed sulfinpyrazone for gout. Which of the following will the nurse monitor the patient most closely for? • Question 36 A female patient is taking 0.125 mg of digoxin daily for heart failure. At a recent clinic visit she reports that since she has been on the drug, she can breathe better and her heart rate has been around 74 beats per minute. The nurse weighs the patient and notices that she has gained 10 pounds since the digoxin therapy was started. The patient is concerned that the additional weight will necessitate an increase in the medication. Which of the following is an appropriate response by the nurse? • Question 37 Which of the following is a contraindication for antimuscarinic drugs? • Question 38 Which medication class is recognized for the treatment of moderate to severe dementia? • Question 39 You are seeing a 65 year old male with a long history of COPD who has recently developed hypertension. Which class of antihypertensive agents should the Nurse Practitioner avoid for this patient? • Question 40 Advanced practice nurse prescribing of scheduled medications is affected most by: • Question 41 A male patient who is hypertensive takes Hydrochlorothiazide for his blood pressure . He presents with red, painful swelling of the great toe. In addition to treating gout, you recognize that you may need to: • Question 42 A mother brings her 4-year-old child, who is vomiting and has a temperature of 103°F into the emergency department (ED). The ED physician orders acetaminophen (Tylenol) for the fever. The best form of Tylenol to give the child, considering her presentation, would be • Question 43 Ms. Simpson has a known history of asthma. She is on Theophylline daily. The NP contemplates giving her an antibiotic for her respiratory infection. The NP knows that which choice below could elevate theophylline levels? • Question 44 To minimize the risk of adverse effects of glucagon when given to an unconscious diabetic patient, as the patient regains consciousness, the nurse should • Question 45 A patient who is a steroid-dependent asthmatic is started on a beclomethasone inhaler. Which should be part of patient education? • Question 46 A Nurse Practitioner is providing care for a patient who suffered extensive burns to his extremities during a recent industrial accident. Topical lidocaine gel has been ordered to be applied to the surfaces of all his burns in order to achieve adequate pain control. When considering this order, the Nurse Practitioner should be aware that THERE IS A RISK OF SYSTEMIC ABSORPTION OF THE LIDOCAINE THROUGH THE PATIENT'S TRAUMATIZED SKIN.• Question 47 During a clinic visit, a patient complains of having frequent muscle cramps in her legs. The nurse's assessment reveals that the patient has been taking over-the-counter laxatives for the past 7 years. The nurse informed the patient that prolonged use of laxatives • Question 48 Which antihypertensive agent is associated with hair growth? • Question 49 A patient with a history of bronchial asthma is seen in the clinic for increased episodes of difficulty breathing. He has been taking theophylline 100 mg PO tid. He is 40 years old and obese with an 16-pack-year history of cigarette smoking and excessive intake of coffee daily. He eats a low-carbohydrate, high-protein diet. Which identified factors decrease the therapeutic effects of the theophylline? • Question 50 Autonomic drugs have little effect when administered: • Question 51 Which can elevate theophylline levels? • Question 52 A patient on valproic acid may experience which of the following symptoms? • Question 53 What information would the Nurse Practitioner include in teaching a patient about the treatment of vitamin B12 deficiency following a total gastrectomy? • Question 54 The Nurse Practitioner is following up on a patient who is experiencing acute asthma problems. Albuterol (Proventil) by metered-dose inhaler (MDI) has been ordered as treatment. Which patient response would indicate to the family nurse practitioner that the patient understands how to take the medication? • Question 55 Which effect does the Nurse Practitioner expect may occur when using cholinergic agonists? • Question 56 The NP knows that lithium levels should be measured while patients are on lithium therapy. The NP also recognizes that lithium has a • Question 57 Mr. Penny, age 67, was diagnosed with chronic angina several months ago and has been unable to experience adequate relief of his symptoms. As a result, his physician has prescribed ranolazine (Ranexa). Which of the following statements is true regarding the use of ranolazine for the treatment of this patient's angina? • Question 58 The Nurse Practitioner is teaching a patient about the role of medications in the treatment of asthma. Which statement by the patient would require further teaching? • Question 59 A primary therapy for patients with mild ulcerative colitis is: • Question 60 Which of the following conditions is a contraindication for pioglitazone (Actos). • Question 61 The nurse practitioner has prescribed elemental iron 6 mg/kg/day in three divided doses for a toddler diagnosed with iron-deficiency anemia. What instructions would the family nurse practitioner include for the parents? • Question 62 An adult male comes to the clinic with complaints that he is experiencing increased difficulty breathing over the past few days. He has a history of asthma and coronary artery disease. He was recently diagnosed with hypertension. Examination reveals no jugular vein distention and no productive cough. Breath sounds are present, but expiratory wheezes are noted bilaterally, and he denies any chest pain. His vital signs are pulse of 74 beats/min, respirations of 32 breaths/min, and BP of 160/100 mm Hg. His current medications are albuterol (Proventil) inhaler 2 puffs every 4 hours prn for wheezing, nitroglycerin transdermal patch, and propranolol (Inderal) 60 mg PO bid. What is the best treatment for this patient? • Question 63 Glucocorticoids affect the metabolism of carbohydrates, protein, and fats. • Question 64 A 39 y/o female is diagnosed with Graves disease. She also has a small goiter =. Her symptoms are not deemed to be severe and propylthiouracil is prescribed. Whare is the most serious potential adverse effect of this medication? AGRANULOCYTOSIS • Question 65 The Family nurse practitioner prescribed losartan 50 mg PO daily for a hypertensive patient. This medication promotes vasodilation by: • Question 66 When prescribing an antihypertensive medication for a type 2 diabetic patient, the drug classifications that would tend to reduce insulin sensitivity are: • Question 67 Ms. Neely was placed on fluoxetine about 8 weeks ago and is doing well on the medication. When initially prescribed the medication, she asks you about the common side effects of this type of medication. Which choice below is correct? • Question 68 A Nurse Practitioner is providing discharge planning for a 45-year-old woman who has a prescription for oral albuterol. The Nurse Practitioner will question the patient about her intake of which of the following? • Question 69 Which of the following serves to protect the public by ensuring the purity of a drug and its contents? • Question 70 What is associated with chronic overtreatment with levothyroxine (Synthroid)? • Question 71 Drugs that use CYP 3A4 isoenzymes for metabolism may: • Question 72 A male patient is to begin glyburide (Diabeta) for type 2 diabetes. Before the drug therapy begins, a priority action by the nurse will be to assess the patient's • Question 73 The family of a Parkinson’s patient brings him to the clinic because he is experiencing increasing difficulty with ambulation. The family nurse practitioner increases the patient’s dose of carbidopa (25 mg)/levodopa (100 mg) (Sinemet 25–100 mg) from three to four times daily. What is important for the family nurse practitioner to teach the family regarding the increase in the dose of this medication? • Question 74 A 65-year-old male presents with a history of worsening urinary urgency, frequency, and hesitancy. He also tells you that he has to "push really hard" to urinate and that his urine dribbles a little after he is done urinating. What medication should be avoided • Question 75 How does cholestyramine lowers blood cholesterol? • Question 76 60-year-old male presents to your office with a history of seizure disorder. The patient states that he has been taking valproic acid. Which of the following is a known potential adverse effect of valproic acid? • Question 77 Classes of medications typically used to treat hyperthyroid conditions include: • Question 78 Which mechanism of platelet inhibition is exhibited by aspirin? • Question 79 A patient is recovering from an acute episode of thrombophlebitis and is being treated with warfarin (Coumadin) 5 mg PO daily. In reviewing medication information, the Nurse Practitioner would include what information in their teaching? • Question 80 A female patient, age 36, is prescribed inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) for daily use. Which of the following adverse effects should the nurse closely monitor for in this patient? • Question 81 A patient has a history of tonic-clonic seizures that have been successfully treated with phenytoin (Dilantin) for several years. Phenytoin achieves a therapeutic effect by • Question 82 Successful treatment for an adult patient with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-induced peptic ulcer disease requires therapy with which regimen? • Question 83 Which of the following can block the action of heparin? • Question 84 You decide to start your pt, Ms. Rodrigues, on spironolactone (Aldactone) 50 mg PO daily. As the NP, you will instruct the patient to call the clinic if which symptoms are experienced? • Question 85 A 39 y/o female is diagnosed with Graves disease. She also has a small goiter =. Her symptoms are not deemed to be severe and propylthiouracil is prescribed. Whare is the most serious potential adverse effect of this medication? • Question 86 Your patient is on Atorvastatin 40 mg daily, and presents for their routine follow up appointment. They complain of extreme fatigue, muscle aches, and dark colored urine. What is your best course of action given presentation? • Question 87 The Nurse Practitioner is preparing to Prescribe a medication regimen for her patient. He or she recognizes that criteria for choosing an effective drug for any disorder include: • Question 88 A Nurse Practitioner is caring for a 73-year-old man who is receiving drug therapy. He is beginning to exhibit signs of decline in his renal system, yet his current serum creatinine level is normal. The Nurse Practitioner will base the patient's plan of care on the understanding that there is • Question 89 Typical adverse reactions to oral calcium-channel blockers include: • Question 90 What drug class will decrease the facial flushing that occurs with niacin? • Question 91 A 66-year-old woman has a complex medical history that includes poorly-controlled type 1 diabetes, renal failure as a result of diabetic nephropathy and chronic heart failure (CHF). Her care provider has recently added spironolactone (Aldactone) to the woman's medication regimen. The nurse should consequently assess for signs and symptoms of • Question 92 Susie is a 40 year old female with Type 2 Diabetes. She reports that over the last several days, she has been having some hypoglycemic episodes and feels it is related to medication. Her medication list is as follows: Victoza (liraglutide) 1.8 mg SC daily Metformin 500mg p.o. Twice a Day Glyburide 5 mg p.o. Twice a day Lisinopril 10mg p.o. dailo Which medication most likely is contributing to her hypoglycemic episodes • Question 93 A patient with a known history of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) presents to the clinic 4 days after developing a cold. He tells you he began experiencing a sore throat and nasal congestion and began to take an over the counter decongestant. Today, he complains of not urinating over the last 12 hours. He also has suprapubic fullness on exam. Which of the following medications are most likely responsible for this patient's urinary retention? • Question 94 Which of the following is a side effect or precaution associated with ACE inhibitors? • Question 95 Some first generation antihistamines are used: • Question 96 What is a serious side effect of ibuprofen in the older adult patient? • Question 97 A 53-year-old man has been treated for severe asthma for several years with prednisone. Recently, his physician initiated alternate-day therapy for him. The patient tells the nurse that he would rather take the medication every day to prevent confusion. Which of the following would be the best response by the nurse? • Question 98 Which of the following statements accurately describes digoxin? • Question 99 A clinic Nurse Practitioner is planning care for a 68-year-old man who has been on omeprazole (Prilosec) therapy for heartburn for some time. Regarding the patient's safety, which of the following would be a priority nursing action? • Question 100 Acetazolamide is categorized as which of the following? • Question 101 When completing this exam, did you comply with Walden University’s Code of Conduct including the expectations for academic integrity? [Show More]

Last updated: 1 year ago

Preview 1 out of 18 pages

Add to cart

Instant download

We Accept:

We Accept

Buy this document to get the full access instantly

Instant Download Access after purchase

Add to cart

Instant download

We Accept:

We Accept

Reviews( 0 )


Add to cart

We Accept:

We Accept

Instant download

Can't find what you want? Try our AI powered Search



Document information

Connected school, study & course

About the document

Uploaded On

Mar 04, 2021

Number of pages


Written in



Member since 3 years

48 Documents Sold

Additional information

This document has been written for:


Mar 04, 2021





Document Keyword Tags

Recommended For You

Get more on EXAM »
What is Browsegrades

In Browsegrades, a student can earn by offering help to other student. Students can help other students with materials by upploading their notes and earn money.

We are here to help

We're available through e-mail, Twitter, Facebook, and live chat.
 Questions? Leave a message!

Follow us on

Copyright © Browsegrades · High quality services·