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NCLEX Review Study Guide Comprehensive Exam Questions With Answers (2024)

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NCLEX Review Study Guide Comprehensive Exam Questions With Answers (2024)-A child is brought to the emergency department by ambulance after swallowing several capsules of acetaminophen (Tylenol). Whic... h medication does the nurse prepare, anticipating that it will be prescribed to treat the child? - Acetylcysteine (Mucomyst) A child who has just been found to have scoliosis will need to wear a thoracolumbosacral orthotic (TLSO) brace, and the nurse provides information to the mother about the brace. Which statement by the mother indicates a need for further information? - "Wearing the brace is really important in curing the scoliosis." A child with a diagnosis of Wilms' tumor is being admitted to the pediatric unit. The nurse prepares the room for the child and places a sign at the child's bedside that tells staff to avoid: - Palpating the abdomen A child with growth hormone deficiency will be receiving somatropin (Humatrope). The nurse provides information to the mother about the medication. Which of the following laboratory values does the nurse tell the mother will require monitoring? - Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) A client arrives at the clinic for her first prenatal assessment. The client tells the nurse that the first day of her last menstrual period (LMP) was September 25, 2012. Using Nagele's rule, the nurse determines that the estimated date of delivery (EDD) is: - July 2, 2013 A client arrives in the emergency department and tells the nurse that she is experiencing tingling in both hands and is unable to move her fingers. The client states that she has been unable to work because of the problem. During the psychosocial assessment, the client reports that 2 days earlier her husband told her that he wanted a separation and that she would have to support herself financially. The nurse concludes that this client is exhibiting signs compatible with: - Conversion disorder A client being seen in the clinic complains of fatigue and weakness. Laboratory studies are performed because the physician suspects iron-deficiency anemia. Which finding indicative of this type of anemia does the nurse expect to find on reviewing the laboratory results? - Microcytic red blood cells (RBCs) A client calls the emergency department and tells the nurse that he may have come in contact with poison ivy while trimming bushes in his yard. The nurse tells the client to immediately: - Get into the shower and rinse the skin for at least 15 minutes A client experiencing delusions says to the nurse, "I am the only one who can save the world from all of the terrorists." What is the appropriate response by the nurse? - "I don't think anyone can save the world from the terrorists by himself." A client has a physician's appointment to get a prescription for sildenafil (Viagra). The nurse obtains the health history from the client. Which finding indicates that the medication is contraindicated? - The client takes isosorbide dinitrate (Isordil). A client has been given a prescription for lovastatin (Mevacor). Which of the following foods does the nurse instruct the client to limit consumption of while taking this medication? - Steak A client has been scheduled for an electronystagmography (ENG), and the nurse provides instructions to the client about the test. Which statement by the client tells the nurse that the client understands the instructions? - "I need to not drink coffee before the test." A client in labor experiences spontaneous rupture of the membranes. The nurse immediately counts the fetal heart rate (FHR) for 1 full minute and then checks the amniotic fluid. The nurse notes that the fluid is yellow and has a strong odor. Which of the following actions should be the nurse's priority? - Contacting the physician A client is admitted to the nursing unit with a diagnosis of avoidant personality disorder. Which of the following behaviors is a characteristic of the disorder? - Hypersensitivity to negative evaluation A client is brought to the emergency department after sustaining smoke inhalation injury during a fire in the client's home. The nurse plans to first: - Provide the client with 100% oxygen by mask A client is brought to the emergency department after sustaining smoke inhalation. Humidified oxygen is administered to the client by way of face mask, and arterial blood gases (ABGs) are measured. ABG analysis indicates arterial oxygenation (Pao2) of less than 60 mm Hg. On the basis of the ABG result, the nurse prepares to: - Assist in intubating the client and beginning mechanical ventilation A client is brought to the emergency department by ambulance, and diabetic ketoacidosis is suspected. Blood samples are taken, and the nurse obtains supplies that will be needed to treat the client. Which type of insulin does the nurse take from the medication supply room for intravenous (IV) administration? - Regular (Humulin R) A client is found to have hypoxemic respiratory failure. Which finding does the nurse expect to note on review of the results of the client's arterial blood gas analysis? - Pao2 of 49 mm Hg, Paco2 of 32 mm Hg A client is found to have iron-deficiency anemia, and ferrous sulfate (Feosol) is prescribed. The nurse tells the client that it is best to take the medication with: - Orange juice A client is found to have posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after witnessing a terrorist attack that caused the deaths of hundreds of people. The nurse, developing a plan of care for the client, identifies posttrauma syndrome as a concern and identifies a client outcome that states, "The client will cope effectively with thoughts and feelings of the event." Which nursing interventions will assist the client in achieving this outcome? Select all that apply. - Being honest, nonjudgmental, and empathetic Assessing the immediate posttraumatic reaction Encouraging the client to keep a journal focused on the trauma Asking the client about the use of alcohol and drugs before and since the event A client is receiving an intravenous infusion of alteplase (tissue plasminogen activator, recombinant; tPA). For which adverse effect of the medication does the nurse monitor the client most closely? - Bleeding A client is receiving an intravenous infusion of oxytocin (Pitocin) to stimulate labor. The nurse monitoring the client notes uterine hypertonicity and immediately: - Stops the oxytocin infusion [Show More]

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