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ATI RN Fundamentals Proctored Focus Exam (99 QUESTIONS and ANSWERS).

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ATI RN Fundamentals Proctored Focus 1. Can an RN delegate to the LPN to provide tracheostomy care to a client with pneumonia? 2. A nurse on a med-surg unit has received change-of-shift report & will... care for 4 clients. Which of the following client's needs may the nurse assign to an assistive personnel (AP)? A. Feeding a client who was admitted 24 hrs ago w/aspiration pneumonia B. Reinforcing teaching w/a client who is learning to walk using a quad cane C. Reapplying a condom catheter for a client who has urinary incontinence D. Applying a sterile dressing to a pressure ulcer Rationale: The application of a condom catheter is a noninvasive, routine procedure that the nurse may delegate to the AP 3. A nurse is delegating the ambulation of a client who had knee arthroplasty 5 days ago to an AP. Which of the following information should the nurse share with the AP? Select All. A. The roommate is up independently. B. The client ambulates w/his slippers on over his antiembolic stockings C. The client uses a front-wheeled walker when ambulating D. The client had pain medication 30 min ago E. The client is allergic to codeine F. The client ate 50% of his breakfast this morning 4. An RN is making assignments for client care to a LPN at the beginning of the shift. Which of the following assignments should the LPN question? A. Assisting a client who is 24hr postop to use an incentive spirometer B. Collecting a clean-catch urine specimen from a client who was admitted on the previous shift C. Providing nasopharyngeal suctioning for a client who has pneumonia D. Replacing the cartridge and tubing on a PCA pump 5. A nurse is preparing an in-service program about delegation. Which of the following elements should she identify when presenting the 5 rights of delegation? Select all. A. Right client B. Right supervision/evaluation C. Right direction/communication D. Right time E. Right circumstances 6. A nurse manager of a med-surg unit is assigning care responsibilities for the oncoming shift. A client is awaiting transfer back to the unit from the PACU following thoracic surgery. To which staff member should the nurse assign to this client? A. Charge nurse B. RN C. LPN D. AP 7. A nurse observes an AP reprimanding a client for not using the urinal properly. The AP tells him she will put a diaper on him if he does not use the urinal more carefully next time. Which of the following torts is the AP committing? A. Assault B. Battery C. False imprisonment D. Invasion of privacy 8. An adult client who is competent tells the nurse that he is thinking about leaving the hospital against medical advice. The nurse believes that this is not in the client's best interest, so she administers a PRN sedative med that the client has not requested along w/his usual meds. Which of the following tort has the nurse committed? A. Assault B. False imprisonment C. Negligence D. Breach of confidentiality 9. A client who will undergo neurosurgery the following week tells the nurse in the surgeon's office that he will prepare his advance directives before he goes to the hospital. Which of the following statements by the client indicates to the nurse that he understands advance directives? A. "I'd rather have my brother make decisions for me, but I know it has to be my wife." B. "I know they won't go ahead w/the surgery unless I prepare these forms." C. "I plan to write that I don't want them to keep me on a breathing machine." D. "I will get my regular doctor to approve my plan before I hand it in at the hospital." 10. A client is about to undergo an elective surgical procedure. Which of the following actions are appropriate for the nurse who is providing preop care regarding informed consent? Select all. A. Make sure the surgeon obtained the client's consent B. Witness the client's signature on the consent form C. Explain the risks and benefits of the procedure D. Describe the consequences of choosing not to have the surgery E. Tell the client about alternatives to having the surgery 11. A nurse has noticed several occasions in the past week when another nurse on the unit seemed drowsy & unable to focus on the issue at hand. Today, she found the nurse asleep in a chair in the break room when she was not on break. Which of the following actions should the nurse take? A. Remind the nurse that safe client care is a priority on the unit B. Ask others on the team whether they have observed the same behavior C. Report observations to the nurse manager on the unit D. Conclude that her coworker's fatigue is not her problem to solve 12. A nurse is preparing info for a change-of-shift report. Which of the following info should the nurse include in the report? A. The client's input & output for the shift B. The client's BP from the previous day C. A bone scan that is scheduled for today D. The med routine from the med administration record 13. A nurse enters a client's room & finds him sitting in his chair. He states, "I fell in the shower, but I got myself back up & into my chair." How should the nurse document this in the client's chart? A. The client fell in the shower. B. The client states he fell in the shower & was able to get himself back into his chair C. The nurse should not document this info because she did not witness the fall D. The client fell in the shower & is now resting comfortably 14. A nursing instructor is reviewing documentation w/a group of nursing students. Which of the following legal guidelines should they follow when documenting a client's record? Select all. A. Cover errors w/correction fluid, & write in the correct info B. Put the date & time on all entries C. Document objective data, leaving out opinions D. Use as many abbreviations as possible E. Wait until the end of the shift to document 15. The skin barrier covering a client's intestinal fistula keeps falling off when she stands up to ambulate. The nurse has reapplied it twice during the shift, but it remains intact only when the client is supine in bed. The nurse telephoned the physical therapist about the difficulties containing the drainage from the fistula, so the therapist didn't ambulate the client today. The client sat in a chair during lunch w/an absorbent pad over the fistula. The client ate all the food on her tray. The wound care nurse confirmed that she will see the client later today. The client states she feels frustrated at not having physical therapy, but the nurse thinks the client welcomed having a day to rest. Which of the following information should the nurse include in the change-of-shift report? Select all. A. The physical therapist didn't ambulate the client today B. The skin barrier's seal stays on in bed but loosens when the client stands. C. The client seemed to welcome having a "day off" from physical therapy D. The wound care nurse will see the client later today E. The client ate all the food on her lunch tray 16. A nurse is receiving a provider's prescription by telephone for morphine for a client who is reporting moderate to severe pain. Which of the following nursing actions are appropriate? Select all. A. Repeat the details of the prescription back to the provider B. Have another nurse listen to the telephone prescription C. Obtain the prescriber's signature on the prescription within 24hrs D. Decline the verbal prescription because it is not an emergency situation E. Tell the charge nurse that the provider has prescribed morphine by telephone 17. A nurse is caring for an older adult client who lives alone & is to be discharged in 3 days. He states that it is difficult to prepare adequate nutritious meals at home for just 1 person. To which of the following members of the health care team should the nurse refer him? A. Registered dietitian B. Occupational therapist C. Physical therapist D. Social worker 18. A goal for a client who has difficulty w/self-feeding due to rheumatoid arthritis is to use adaptive devices. The nurse caring for the client should initiate a referral w/which of the following members of the interprofessional care team? A. Social worker B. Certified nursing assistant C. Registered dietitian D. Occupational therapist 19. A client who is postop following a knee arthroplasty is concerned about the adverse effects of the medication he is receiving for pain management. Which of the following members of the interprofessional care team may assist the client in understanding the medication's effects? Select all. A. Provider B. CNA C. Pharmacist D. RN E. Respiratory therapist 20. A client who has had a cerebrovascular accident has persistent problems w/dysphagia. The nurse caring for the client should initiate a referral w/which of the following members of the interprofessional care team? A. Social worker B. CNA C. Occupational therapist D. Speech-language pathologist 21. A nursing instructor is acquainting a group of nursing students w/the roles of the various members of the health care team they will encounter on a medical-surgical unit. When she gives examples of the types of tasks CNAs may perform, which of the following client activities should she include? Select all. A. Bathing B. Ambulating C. Toileting D. Determining pain level E. Measuring vital signs 22. A nurse in a provider's office is preparing to assess a young adult male client's musculoskeletal system as part of a comprehensive physical examination. Which of the following findings should the nurse expect? Select all. A. A concave thoracic spine posteriorly B. An exaggerated lumbar curvature C. A concave lumbar spine posteriorly D. An exaggerated thoracic curvature E. Muscles slightly larger on his dominant side 23. A nurse is evaluating a client's neurosensory system. To evaluate stereognosis, she would ask the client to close his eyes & identify which of the following items? A. A word she whispers 30cm from his ear B. A number she traces on the palm of his hand C. The vibration of a tuning fork she places on his foot D. A familiar object she places in his hand 24. A nurse is assessing a client who reports pain when the nurse evaluates the internal rotation of her right shoulder. Which of the following activities is this problem likely to affect? A. Mopping her floors B. Brushing the back of her hair C. Fastening her bra behind her back D. Reaching into a cabinet above her sink 25. A nurse is preforming a neurosensory examination for a client. Which of the following tests should the nurse preform to test the client's balance? Select all. A. Romberg test B. Heel-to-toe walk C. Snellen test D. Spinal accessory function E. Rosenbaum test 26. A nurse is collecting data from an older adult client as part of a neurosensory examination. Which of the following findings should the nurse expect as changes associated w/aging? Select all. A. Slower light touch sensation B. Some vision & hearing decline C. Slower fine finger movement D. Some short-term memory decline E. Slower superficial pain sensation 27. A nurse is providing discharge instructions to a client who has a prescription for the use of oxygen in his home. Which of the following should the nurse teach the client about using oxygen safely in his home? Select all. A. Family members who smoke must be at least 10 ft from the client when the oxygen is in use B. Nail polish should not be used near a client who is receiving oxygen C. A "No smoking" sign should be placed on the front door D. Cotton bedding & clothing should be replaced w/items made from wool E. A fire extinguisher should be readily available in the home 28. A nurse educator is conducting a parenting class for new parents. Which of the following statements made by a participant indicates a need for further clarification & instruction? A. "I will begin swimming lessons as soon as my baby can close her mouth under water." B. "Once my baby can sit up, he should be safe in the bathtub." C. "I will test the temp of the water before placing my baby in the bath." D. "Once my infant starts to push up, I will remove the mobile from over the bed." 29. A home health nurse is discussing the dangers of carbon monoxide poisoning w/a client. Which of the following information should the nurse include in her counseling? A. Carbon monoxide has a distinct odor B. Water heaters should be inspected every 5 years C. The lungs are damaged from carbon monoxide inhalation D. Carbon monoxide binds w/hemoglobin in the body 30. A nurse educator is presenting a module on basic first aid for newly licensed home health nurses. The nurse educator evaluates the teaching as effective when the newly licensed nurse states the client who has heat stroke will have which of the following? A. Hypotension B. Bradycardia C. Clammy skin D. Bradypnea 31. A home health nurse is discussing the dangers of food poisoning w/a client. Which of the following info should the nurse include in her counseling? Select all. A. Most food poisoning is caused by a virus B. Immunocompromised individuals are at risk for complications from food poisoning C. Clients who are especially at risk are instructed to eat or drink only pasteurized milk, yogurt, cheese, or other dairy products D. Healthy individuals usually recover from the illness in a few weeks E. Handling raw & fresh food separately to avoid cross contamination may prevent food poisoning 32. A nurse is caring for a client diagnosed w/severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). The nurse is aware that health care professionals are required to report communicable & infectious diseases. Which of the following illustrate the rationale for reporting? Select all. A. Planning & evaluating control & prevention strategies B. Determining public health priorities C. Ensuring proper medical treatment D. Identifying endemic disease E. Monitoring for common-source outbreaks 33. A nurse is contributing to the plan of care for a client who is being admitted to the facility w/a suspected diagnosis of pertussis. Which of the following should the nurse include in the plan of care? Select all. A. Place the client in a room that has negative air pressure of at least 6 exchanges/hr B. Wear a mask when providing care within 3 ft of the client C. Place a surgical mask on the client if transportation to another dept is unavoidable D. Use sterile gloves when handling soiled linens E. Wear a gown when preforming care that may result in contamination from secretions 34. A nurse is caring for a client who presents w/linear clusters of fluid-containing vesicles w/some crustings. Which of the following should the nurse suspect? A. Allergic reaction B. Ringworm C. Systemic lupus erythematosus D. Herpes zoster 35. A nurse is caring for a client who reports severe sore throat, pain when swallowing, & swollen lymph nodes. The client is experiencing which of the following stages of infection? A. Prodromal B. Incubation C. Convalescence D. Illness 36. A nurse educator is reviewing w/a newly hired nurse the difference in clinical manifestations of a localized vs. a systemic infection. The nurse indicates understanding when she states that which of the following are clinical manifestations of a systemic infection? Select all. A. Fever B. Malaise C. Edema D. Pain or tenderness E. Increase in pulse & respiratory rate 37. A nurse is teaching a young adult client about health promotion & illness prevention. Which of the following statements by the client indicates an understanding of the teaching? A. "I already had my immunizations as a child, so I'm protected in that area." B. "It is important to schedule routine health care visits even if I'm feeling well." C. "If I'm having any discomfort, I'll just got to an urgent care center." D. "If I am felling stressed, I will remind myself that this is something I should expect." 38. A nursing instructor is explaining the various stages of the lifespan to a group of nursing students. The nurse should offer which of the following behaviors by a young adult as an example of appropriate psychosocial development? A. Becoming actively involved in providing guidance to the next generation B. Adjusting to major changes in roles and relationships due to losses C. Devoting a great deal of time to establishing an occupation D. Finding oneself "sandwiched" in between & being responsible for 2 generations 39. A nurse is counseling a young adult who describes having difficulty dealing w/several issues. Which of the following problems the client verbalized should the nurse identify as the priority for further assessment & intervention? A. "I have my own apartment now, but it's not easy living away from my parents." B. "It's been so stressful for me to even think about having my own family." C. "I don't even know who I am yet, & now I'm supposed to know what to do." D. "My girlfriend is pregnant, & I don't think I have what it takes to be a good father." 40. A nurse is reviewing safety precautions w/a group of young adults at a community health fair. Which of the following recommendations should the nurse include specifically for this age group? Select all. A. Install bath rails & grab bars in bathrooms B. Wear a helmet while skiing C. Install a carbon monoxide detector D. Secure firearms in a safe location E. Remove throw rugs from the home 41. A nurse is reviewing the CDC's immunization recommendations w/a young adult client. Which of the following recommendations should the nurse include in this discussion? Select all. A. Human papillomavirus B. Measles, mumps, rubella C. Varicella D. Haemophilus influenzae type b E. Polio 42. A nurse is caring for an 82-yr-old client in the ER who has an oral body temp of 38.3 C (101 F), a pulse rate of 114/min, & a RR of 22/min. He is restless & his skin is warm. Which of the following are appropriate nursing interventions for this client? Select all. A. Obtain culture specimens before initiating antimicrobials B. Restrict the client's oral fluid intake C. Encourage the client to limit activity & rest D. Allow the client to shiver to dispel excess heat E. Assist the client w/oral hygiene frequently 43. A nurse is instructing an AP in caring for a client who has a low platelet count as a result of chemo. Which of the following is the nurse's priority instruction for measuring vital signs for this client? A. "Don't measure the client's temp rectally." B. "Count the client's radial pulse for 30 sec & multiply by 2." C. "Don't let the client know you are counting her respirations." D. "Let the client rest for 5 mins before you measure her BP." 44. A nurse is instructing a group of nursing students in measuring a client's RR. Which of the following guidelines should the nurse include? Select all. A. Place the client in semi-Fowler's position B. Have the client rest an arm across the abdomen C. Observe 1 full respiratory cycle before counting the rate D. Count the rate for 1 min if it is regular E. Count & report any signs the client demonstrates 45. A nurse who is admitting a client who has a fractured femur obtains a BP reading of 140/94 mmHg. The client denies any history of HTN. Which of the following actions should the nurse take next? A. Request a prescription for an antihypertensive med B. Ask the client if she is having pain C. Request a prescription for an anti-anxiety med D. Return in 30min to recheck the client's BP 46. A nurse is performing an admission assessment on a client. When measuring her vital signs, the nurse finds that her radial pulse rate 68/min & her simultaneous apical pulse rate is 84/min. What is the client's pulse deficit? 16/min the pulse deficit is the difference between the apical & radial pulse rates. 84-68=16 47. A nurse is caring for a client who will perform fecal occult blood testing at home. Which of the following info should the nurse include when explaining the procedure to the client? A. Eating more protein is optimal prior to testing B. One stool specimen is sufficient for testing C. A red color change indicates a positive test D. The specimen cannot be contaminated 48. A nurse is talking w/a client who reports constipation. When the nurse discusses dietary changes that can help prevent constipation, which of the following foods should the nurse recommend? A. Macaroni & cheese B. Fresh fruit & whole wheat toast C. Rice pudding & ripe bananas D. Roast chicken & white rice 49. A nurse is caring for a client who has had diarrhea for the past 4 days. When assessing the client, the nurse should expect which of the following findings? Select all. A. Bradycardia B. Hypotension C. Fever D. Poor skin turgor E. Peripheral edema 50. A nurse is preparing to administer a cleansing enema to an adult client in preparation for a diagnostic procedure. Which of the following are appropriate steps for the nurse to take? Select all. A. Warm the enema prior to instillation B. Position the client on the left side w/the right leg flexed forward C. Lubricate the rectal tube or nozzle D. Slowly insert the rectal tube about 2 inches E. Hang the enema container 24 inches above the client's anus 51. While a nurse is administering a cleansing enema, the client reports abdominal cramping. Which of the following is the appropriate intervention? A. Have the client hold his breath briefly B. Discontinue the fluid instillation C. Remind the client that cramping is common at this time D. Lower the enema fluid container 52. A nurse is caring for a client who has been sitting in a chair for 3 hrs. Which of the following problems is the client at risk for developing? A. Stasis of secretions B. Muscle atrophy C. Pressure ulcer D. Fecal impaction 53. A nurse is caring for a client who is on bed rest. Which of the following interventions should the nurse implement to maintain the patency of the client's airway? A. Encourage isometric exercises B. Suction Q8 hr C. Give low-dose heparin D. Promote incentive spirometer use 54. A nurse is caring for a client who is postop. Which of the following nursing interventions reduce the risk of thrombus development? Select all. A. Instruct the client not to use the Valsalva maneuver B. Apply elastic stockings C. Review lab values for total protein level D. Place pillows under the client's knees & lower extremities E. Assist the client to change position often 55. A nurse is instructing a postop client about the sequential compression device the provider has prescribed. Which of the following statements should indicate to the nurse that the client understands the teaching? A. "This device will keep me from getting sores on my skin." B. "This thing will keep the blood pumping through my leg." C. "With this thing on, my leg muscles won't get weak." D. "This device is going to keep my joints in good shape." 56. To promote the safe use of a cane for a client who is recovering from a minor musculoskeletal injury of the left lower extremity, which of the following instructions should the nurse provide? Select all. A. Hold the cane on the right side B. Keep 2 points of support on the floor C. Place the cane 15in in front of the feet before advancing D. After advancing the cane, move the weaker leg forward E. Advance the stronger leg so that it aligns evenly w/the cane 57. A nurse is assessing the pain level of a client who has come to the ER reporting severe abd. pain. The nurse asks the client whether he has nausea & has been vomiting. The nurse is assessing which of the following? A. Presence of associated symptoms B. Location of the pain C. Pain quality D. Aggravating & relieving factors 58. A nurse is assessing a client who is reporting severe pain despite analgesia. The nurse can best assess the intensity of the client's pain by: A. asking what precipitates the pain B. questioning the client about the location of the pain C. offering the client a pain scale to measure his pain D. using open-ended questions to identify the situation 59. A nurse is obtaining hx from a client who has pain. The nurse's guiding principle throughout this process should be that: A. some clients exaggerate their level of pain B. pain must have an identifiable source to justify the use of opioids. C. objective data are essential in assessing pain D. pain is whatever the client says it is 60. A nurse is caring for a client who is receiving morphine via a PCA infusion device after abd. surgery. Which of the following statements indicates that the client knows how to use the device? A. "I'll wait to use the device until it's absolutely necessary." B. "I'll be careful about pushing the button so I don't get an overdose." C. "I should tell the nurse if the pain doesn't stop after I use this device." D. "I will ask my son to push the dose button when I am sleeping." 61. A nurse is monitoring a client who is receiving opioid analgesia for adv effects of the med. Which of the following effects should the nurse anticipate? Select all. A. Urinary incontinence B. Diarrhea C. Bradypnea D. Orthostatic hypotension E. Nausea 62. A nurse is assessing a client who takes haloperidol (Haldol) for the tx of schizophrenia. Which of the following findings should the nurse document as extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS)? Select all. A. Orthostatic hypotension B. Fine motor tremors C. Acute dystonias D. Decreased level of consciousness E. Uncontrollable restlessness 63. A nurse is providing teaching about managing anticholinergic effects for a client who has a new prescription for oxybutunin (Ditropan XL). Which of the following are appropriate to include in the teaching? Select all. A. Take frequent sips of water B. Wear sunglasses when exposed to sunlight C. Use a soft toothbrush when brushing teeth D. Take the medication w/an antacid E. Urinate prior to taking the med 64. A nurse is reviewing the reported meds of a client who was recently admitted. The meds include cimetidine (Tagamet) & imipramine hydrochloride (Tofranil). Knowing that cimetidine decreases the metabolism of imipramine hydrochloride, the nurse should identify that this combination is likely to result in which of the following effects? A. Decreased therapeutic effects of cimetidine B. Increased risk of imipramine hydrochloride toxicity C. Decreased risk of adv effects of cimetidine D. Increased therapeutic effects of imipramine hydrochloride 65. A nurse in an outpatient clinic is caring for a client who states she is trying to get pregnant. The client currently takes a Category D pregnancy risk med for the control of seizures. Which of the following statements by the nurse is appropriate? A. "This med is prescribed if necessary but it is known to cause adverse effects to the fetus." B. "This med has evidence indicating that it is safe to take during pregnancy & will not harm the fetus." C. "This med cannot be taken during pregnancy because the risk outweighs the potential benefits." D. "This med hasn't been studied in pregnant women but is believed to be safe for the fetus." 66. A nurse in an outpatient surgical center is admitting a client for a laproscopic procedure. The client has a prescription for preoperative diazepam (Valium). Prior to administering the med, which of the following actions is the highest priority? A. Teaching the client about the purpose of the med B. Administering the med to the client at the prescribed time C. Identifying the client's med allergies D. Documenting the client's anxiety level 67. A nurse is preparing to administer methylprednisolone acetate (Depo-Medrol) 10 mg by IV bolus. The amount available is 40 mg/mL. How many mL should the nurse administer? (round to nearest tenth) 0.3 mL 68. A nurse is preparing to administer lactated Ringer's (LR) IV 100 mL over 15min. The nurse should set the infusion pump to deliver how many mL/hr? (round to nearest whole number) 400 mL/hr 69. A nurse is preparing to administer 0.9% sodium chloride (0.9% NaCl) 250 mL IV to infuse over 30min. The drop factor of the manual IV tubing is 10 gtt/mL. The nurse should set the manual IV infusion to deliver how many gtt/min? (round to nearest whole number) 83 gtt/min 70. A nurse is caring for a client who is at high risk for aspiration. Which of the following is an appropriate nursing intervention? A. Give the client thin liquids. B. Instruct the client to tuck her chin when swallowing. C. Have the client use a straw. D. Encourage the client to lie down & rest after meals. 71. A nurse is preparing a presentation about basic nutrients for a group of high school athletes. She should explain that which of the following is the body's priority energy reserve? A. Fat B. Protein C. Glycogen D. Carbohydrates 72. A nurse is caring for a client who is on a low-residue diet. The nurse should expect to see which of the following foods on the client's meal tray? A. Cooked barley B. Pureed broccoli C. Vanilla custard D. Lentil soup 73. A nurse is caring for a client who weighs 80 kg (176 lb) and is 1.6 m ( 5 ft 3 in) tall. Calculate her BMI & determine whether this client is obese based on her BMI. BMI=30 above 30 equals obese so yes. 74. A nurse in a senior center is counseling a group of older adults about their nutritional needs & considerations. Which of the following info should the nurse include? Select all. A. Older adults are more prone to dehydration than younger adults are B. Older adults need the same amount of most vitamins & minerals as younger adults do C. Many older men & women need calcium supplementation D. Older adults need more calories than they did when they were younger E. Older adults should consume a diet low in carbs 75. A nurse is caring for a client who is 1 day postop following a total knee arthroplasty. The client states his pain level is a 10 on a scale of 0-10. After reviewing the client's medication administration record, which of the following medications should the nurse administer? A. Meperidine (Demerol) 75 mg IM B. Fentanyl 50 mcg/hr transdermal patch C. Morphine 2 mg IV D. Oxycodone 10 mg PO 76. A nurse is teaching a client about taking multiple oral meds at home to include time-release capsules, liquid meds, enteric-coated pills, & narcotics. Which of the following statements by the client indicates an understanding of the teaching? A. "I can open the capsule w/the beads in it & sprinkle them on my oatmeal." B. "If I am having difficulty swallowing, I will add the liquid meds to a batch of pudding." C. "The pills w/the coating on them can be crushed." D. "I will eat 2 crackers w/the pain pills." 77. A nurse is teaching a client how to administer medication through a jejunostomy tube. Which of the following instructions should the nurse include in the teaching? A. "Flush the tube before & after each med." B. "Administer your meds w/your enteral feeding." C. "Administer tablets through the tube slowly." D. "Mix all the crushed meds prior to dissolving in water." 78. A nurse educator is teaching a module on pharmacokinetics to a group of newly licensed nurses. Which of the following statements by a newly licensed nurse indicates an understanding of the 1st-pass effecct? A. "Some meds block normal receptor activity regulated by endogenous compounds or receptor activity caused by other meds." B. "Some meds may have to be administered by a nonenteral route to avoid inactivation as they travel through the liver." C. "Some meds leave the body more slowly & therefore have a greater risk of accumulation & toxicity." D. "Some meds have a wide safety margin, so there is no need for routine serum medication level monitoring." 79. A nurse is teaching an adult client how to administer ear drops. Which of the following statements by the client indicates understanding of the proper technique? A. "I will straighten my ear canal by pulling my ear down & back." B. "I will gently apply pressure w/my finger to the tragus of my ear after putting in the drops." C. "I will insert the nozzle of the ear drop bottle snug into my ear before squeezing the drops in." D. "After the drops are in, I will place a cotton ball all the way into my ear canal." 80. A nurse prepares to administer an injection of morphine (Duramorph) to a client who reports pain. Prior to administering, the nurse is called to another room to assist another client onto a bedpan. She asks a 2nd nurse to give the injection. Which of the following actions should the 2nd nurse take? A. Offer to assist the client needing the bedpan. B. Administer the injection prepared by the other nurse C. Prepare another syringe & administer the injection D. Tell the client needing the bedpan she will have to wait for her nurse 81. A nurse is preparing to administer a med to a client. The med was scheduled for administration at 0900. Which of the following are acceptable administration times for this med? Select all. A. 0905 B. 0825 C. 1000 D. 0840 E. 0935 82. A nurse is working w/a newly hired nurse who is administering meds to clients. Which of the following actions by the newly hired nurse indicates an understanding of med error prevention? A. Taking all meds out of the unit-dose wrappers before entering the client's room B. Checking w/the provider when a single dose requires administration of multiple tablets C. Administering a med, then looking up the usual dosage range D. Relying on another nurse to clarify a med prescription 83. A nurse educator is teaching a module on safe med administration to newly hired nurses. Which of the following statements by the newly hired nurse indicate understanding of the nurse's responsibility when implementing med therapy? Select all. A. "I will observe for med side effects." B. "I will monitor for therapeutic effects." C. "I will prescribe the appropriate dose." D. "I will change the dose if adverse effects occur." E. "I will refuse to give a med if I believe it is unsafe." 84. A nurse is preparing to administer digoxin (Lanoxin) to a client who states, "I don't want to take that med. I do not want one more pill." Which of the following responses by the nurse is appropriate in this situation? A. "Your physician prescribed it for you, so you really should take it." B. "Well, let's just get it over w/quickly then." C. "Okay, I'll just give you your other meds." D. "Tell me your concerns w/taking this med." 85. A nurse is assessing a client who has an acute resp. infection that puts her at risk for hypoxemia. Which of the following findings are early indications that should alert the nurse that the client is developing hypoxemia? Select all. A. Restlessness B. Tachypnea C. Bradycardia D. Confusion E. Pallor 86. A nurse is caring for a client who is having difficulty breathing. The client is lying in bed & is already receiving oxygen therapy via nasal cannula. Which of the following interventions is the nurse's priority? A. Increase the oxygen flow B. Assist the client to Fowler's position C. Promote removal of pulmonary secretions D. Obtain a specimen for arterial blood gases 87. A nurse is preparing to preform endotracheal suctioning for a client. Which of the following are appropriate guidelines for the nurse to follow? Select all. A. Apply suction while withdrawing the catheter B. Perform suctioning on a routine basis, Q2-3 hours C. Maintain medical asepsis during suctioning D. Use a new catheter for each suctioning attempt E. Limit suctioning to 2-3 attempts 88. A nurse is caring for a client who has a tracheostomy. Which of the following actions should the nurse take each time he provides tracheostomy care? Select all. A. Apply the oxygen source loosely if the SPO2 decreases during the procedure B. Use surgical asepsis to remove & clean the inner cannula C. Clean the outer surfaces in a circular motion from the stoma site onward D. Replace the tracheostomy ties w/new ties E. Cut a slit in gauze squares to place beneath the tube holder. 89. A provider is discharging a client with a prescription from home oxygen therapy via nasal cannula. Client & family teaching by the nurse should include which of the following? Select all. A. Apply petroleum jelly around the inside of the nares B. Remove the nasal cannula during mealtimes C. Check the position of the cannula often D. Report any nasal stuffiness, nausea, or fatigue E. Post "no smoking" signs in a prominent location 90. A nurse is delivering an enteral feeding to a client who has an NG tube in place for intermittent feedings. When the nurse pours water into the syringe after the formula drains from the syringe, the client asks the nurse why the water is necessary. Which of the following is an appropriate response by the nurse? A. "Water helps clear the tube so it doesn't get clogged." B. "Flushing helps make sure the tube stays in place." C. "This will help you get enough fluids." D. "Adding water makes the formula less concentrated." 91. A nurse is preparing to instill an enteral feeding to a client who has an NG tube in place. Which of the following is the nurse's highest assessment priority before performing this procedure? A. Check how long the feeding container has been opened B. Verify the placement of the NG tube C. Confirm that the client doesn't have diarrhea D. Make sure the client is alert & oriented 92. A nurse is caring for a client who is receiving continuous enteral feedings. Which of the following nursing interventions is the highest priority when the nurse suspects aspiration of the feeding? A. Auscultate breath sounds B. Stop the feeding C. Obtain a chest xray D. Initiate oxygen therapy 93. A nurse is caring for a client in a long-term care facility who is receiving enteral feedings via NG tube. Which of the following is an appropriate nursing action prior to administering the tube feeding? Select all. A. Auscultate bowel sounds. B. Assist the client to an upright position. C. Test the pH of gastric aspirate. D. Warm the formula to body temp. E. Discard any residual gastric contents. 94. A nurse is preparing to insert an NG tube for a client who requires gastric decompression. Which of the following actions should the nurse perform prior to beginning the procedure? Select all. A. Review a signal the client can use if feeling any distress B. Lay a towel across the client's chest C. Administer oral pain meds D. Obtain a Dobhoff tube for insertion E. Have a petroleum-based lubricant available 95. An adolescent who has diabetes mellitus is 2 days postop following an appendectomy. The client is tolerating a regular diet. He has ambulated successfully around the unit w/assistance. He requests pain meds Q 6-8 hr while reporting pain at a 2 on a scale of 1-10 after receiving the med. His incision is approximated & free of redness, w/scant serous drainage on the dressing. Which of the following risk factors for poor wound healing does this client have? Select all. A. Extremes in age B. Impaired circulation C. Impaired/suppressed immune system D. Malnutrition E. Poor wound care 96. A nurse is assessing a client who is 5 days post op following abd. surgery. The surgeon suspects an incisional wound infection & has prescribed antibiotic therapy for the nurse to initiate after collecting wound & blood specimens for culture & sensitivity. Which of the following assessment findings should the nurse expect? Select all. A. Increase in incisional pain B. Fever & chills C. Reddened wound edges D. Increase in serosanguineous drainage E. Decrease in thirst 97. A nursing instructor is reviewing the wound healing process w/a group of nursing students. They should be able to identify which of the following alterations as a wound or injury that heals by secondary intention? Select all. A. Stage III pressure ulcer B. Sutured surgical incision C. Casted bone fracture D. Laceration sealed w/adhesive E. Open burn area 98. A client who had abd. surgery 24 hr ago reports a pulling sensation & pain in his surgical incision. The nurse checks the client's surgical wound & finds the wound separated w/viscera protruding. Which of the following interventions is appropriate? Select all. A. Cover the area w/saline-soaked sterile dressings B. Apply an abdominal binder snugly around the abd. C. Use sterile gloves to apply gentle pressure to the exposed tissues D. Position the client supine w/his hips & knees bent E. Offer the client a warm beverage, such as herbal tea 99. A nurse is caring for an older adult client who is at risk for developing pressure ulcers. Which of the following interventions should the nurse use to help maintain the integrity of the client's skin? Select all. A. Keep the head of the bed elevated 30 degrees B. Massage the client's bony prominences often C. Apply cornstarch liberally to the skin after bathing D. Have the client sit on a gel cushion when in a chair E. Reposition the client at least Q 3 hr while in bed [Show More]

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