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US History II Final lately updated to boost your studies

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1 Choose the true statement about the Knights of Labor. • It was founded in Huntsville, Alabama. • It called for equal pay and the elimination of convict labor. • It originated in 1866 as a ... society of shoemakers. • It required members to understand spoken English. CONCEPT Working Class Life and Labor Unions in the Gilded Age 2 Which of the following was associated with the counterculture movement in the 1960s? • Protesting free speech policies at universities • Registering African American voters in the South • Experimenting with marijuana and psychedelic drugs • Organizing sit-ins at lunch counters CONCEPT The Liberal Coalition Unravels 3 President Wilson’s stance on American neutrality in World War I changed between 1914 and 1917. Which event occurred most proximate to Wilson's request to Congress to declare war? • Germany launched attacks on military and merchant ships around Great Britain. • Britain suffered massive causalities in the Battle of the Somme. • Germany broke its promise to restrict its use of submarine warfare and sank the Laconia. • The value of American exports to the Allied powers reached $3 billion. RATIONALE In February 1917, two months before the U.S. entered the war, Germany broke its promise to limit submarine warfare, sinking five American merchant ships. This, along with the discover of the Zimmermann Telegram, prompted Wilson to request a declaration of war from Congress. CONCEPT Woodrow Wilson's Dilemma: American Neutrality and the First World War 4 A state wants to build a new highway with federal funds, but the proposed highway runs through a major wetlands area. https://www.coursehero.com/file/68332350/US-History-II-Final-pdf/ This study resource was shared via CourseHero.com Which policy requires the completion of an "environmental impact statement" before this federal project can be undertaken? • Occupational Safety and Health Administration • National Environmental Policy Act • Environmental Protection Agency • Energy Policy and Conservation Act CONCEPT Emergence of Environmentalism in the 1970s 5 Consider the excerpt from a speech given by the former slave and abolitionist Frederick Douglass: "I have had but one idea for the last three years to present to the American people, and the phraseology in which I clothe it is the old abolition phraseology. I am for the 'immediate, unconditional, and universal' enfranchisement of the black man, in every State in the Union. [Loud applause.] Without this, his liberty is a mockery; without this, you might as well almost retain the old name of slavery for his condition; for in fact, if he is not the slave of the individual master, he is the slave of society, and holds his liberty as a privilege, not as a right. He is at the mercy of the mob, and has no means of protecting himself." Which question would be most relevant for analyzing this historical speech? • How long is the speech? • What was the purpose of the speech? • How many people were in the audience? • Where has this speech been reprinted? CONCEPT Analyzing Primary Sources 6 What was one purpose of the Glass-Steagall Act, which was part of Franklin Roosevelt’s First New Deal? • To require federal agencies to assess and evaluate banking practices • To allow banks to form independent financial holding companies • To place commercial banks under temporary federal jurisdiction • To prohibit commercial banks from engaging in investment banking RATIONALE The Glass-Steagall Act, or Banking Act of 1934, sought to reform the banking industry to create better long-term stability. It separated commercial banking and investment banking, among other provisions. CONCEPT https://www.coursehero.com/file/68332350/US-History-II-Final-pdf/ This study resource was shared via CourseHero.com Roosevelt's New Deal 7 Choose the true statement about women in the workforce during World War II. • Married women outnumbered unmarried women in the workforce. • Women were excluded from the high-paying defense industry. • It was still highly unusual for a woman with children to work during the war. • Wages for women were comparable to men’s wages for the same jobs. CONCEPT The American Homefront 8 Choose the most accurate statement about the nature of politics in the Gilded Age. • The federal government often intervened in the lives of ordinary citizens during the Gilded Age. • Candidates and officials exchanged favors with political machines for votes. • Presidents owed their elections to the votes of ordinary citizens rather than to partisan allies. • The federal government demonetized silver, which was unpopular with corporate leaders. CONCEPT Gilded Age Politics 9 Which of the following actions or groups advanced gay rights during the 1970s? • The passage of the Education Amendments Act of 1972 • The election of Harvey Milk • The increase in the number of gay and lesbian representatives in Congress • President Nixon's "silent majority" coalition CONCEPT The 1970s 10 Read the sentence from a Chicago newspaper account of a race riot during the Red Summer. White bathers at the Twenty-ninth street improvised beach saw a colored boy on a raft paddling into what they termed ‘white’ territory. A snarl of protest went up from the whites and soon a volley of rocks and stones were sent in his direction. Select the statement that accurately explains what is happening in this account. • The black boy was intentionally making a political statement, which scared the whites and elicited a violent reaction. https://www.coursehero.com/file/68332350/US-History-II-Final-pdf/ This study resource was shared via CourseHero.com • Whites were exercising their legal rights to use whatever means necessary to enforce segregation laws. • Whites were willing to use violence to maintain an informal form of racial segregation in Chicago. • The police had encouraged innocent white beachgoers to begin throwing rocks at black swimmers. RATIONALE Recall that when historians analyze primary sources, they ask questions associated with the five Ws, such as: What is going on in this source? This newspaper article describes a race riot that broke out in Chicago in the summer of 1919 when a white mob stoned a young black boy to death because he swam too close to the “white beach” on Lake Michigan. The account demonstrates that whites were willing to use violence to maintain informal racial segregation (reflected by the phrase "into what they termed ‘white’ territory") in Chicago. CONCEPT The Significance of 1919 11 During the 1920s, W. E. B. Du Bois and Marcus Garvey were early proponents of an ideology known as Pan-Africanism. What was a key way in which Garvey's beliefs differed from that of Du Bois? • Garvey rejected the notion that African Americans had a distinct racial identity. • Garvey was frustrated over the racism he witnessed and experienced in the United States. • Garvey celebrated African American culture and encouraged racial pride. • Garvey believed that black and white Americans were incapable of working together to overcome racism. RATIONALE Garvey and Du Bois shared a number of beliefs associated with Pan-Africanism. However, Garvey was less optimistic about the possibility that African American communities could overcome racism and injustice in America. He was skeptical of cooperation with white Americans and, as a result, promoted a “Back to Africa” movement to return African Americans to a presumably more welcoming home in Africa. CONCEPT The Harlem Renaissance 12 https://www.coursehero.com/file/68332350/US-History-II-Final-pdf/ This study resource was shared via CourseHero.com "The decline of manufacturing here, along with the recession and a lack of well paid jobs, has convinced many of us blue collar workers to support the Republican Party in the 1980 election." The speaker is most likely from which area of the U.S.? • The Sun Belt • The Snow Belt • The Rust Belt • The Bible Belt CONCEPT The Rise of the New Right 13 Which of the following contributed to the Democratic Party becoming the party of the welfare state after the New Deal? • Under Roosevelt's leadership, Congress established a federal health insurance program for poor Americans. • The Democratic Party opposed the expansion of the federal government during and after the New Deal. • American workers’ rights to organize and bargain collectively were protected by the government. • President Franklin Roosevelt proposed taxing the richest in order to fund direct payments to the poor. CONCEPT Challenges to the New Deal 14 Which list of activities best represents the basic practices of historians? • oMaintaining consistency in historical narratives over time, ointerpreting evidence from the past, oremaining objective and oreferencing strongly biased secondary sources • oCreating narratives about the past, ointerpreting evidence from the past, oremaining objective and oselecting relevant primary and secondary sources • oMaintaining consistency in historical narratives over time, https://www.coursehero.com/file/68332350/US-History-II-Final-pdf/ This study resource was shared via CourseHero.com oasking questions about the future, oinsisting on a single narrative for the past and oreferencing strongly biased secondary sources • oMaintaining consistency in historical narratives over time, oasking questions about the future, oremaining objective and ostating personal opinions about the past CONCEPT The Historian's Practice 15 Which of the following World War II events happened first? • Japan invaded China and captured the city of Nanjing. • Congress passed the Lend-Lease Act to assist Great Britain. • Japan and Germany signed a mutual defense treaty. • Britain and France declared war on Germany. CONCEPT Neutrality to Involvement 16 Prior to Brown v. Board of Education, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) achieved several significant civil rights victories in the Supreme Court. These victories concerned which of the following issues? • Equal access to undergraduate education • An end to the federal government's redlining practices • Equal access to graduate and law schools • An end to segregation in public accommodations CONCEPT The Origins of Brown V Board 17 Why did Joseph Stalin want a "second front" in Europe? • He thought British and American troops were working against the Soviet Union. • He was eager to claim parts of eastern Europe as belonging to the Soviets. • He wanted to divide Adolf Hitler’s armies and divert them away from the Soviet Union. • He considered an invasion of Italy to be key to defeating the Axis powers. CONCEPT https://www.coursehero.com/file/68332350/US-History-II-Final-pdf/ This study resource was shared via CourseHero.com Fighting World War II 18 Choose the true statement about the National Origins Act of 1924. • The act removed earlier restrictions that had been placed on immigration in the 19th century. • Congress increased the number of southern and eastern Europeans who were eligible to immigrate. • Policymakers subjected European immigrants to quota requirements based on nationality. • The act established quotas on Latin American immigrants. CONCEPT 20th Century American Immigration 19 Although many young Americans in urban areas were associated with the "new generation" during the 1920s, the decade also witnessed the rise of the Lost Generation. Which of the following describes an aspect of the “Lost Generation?” • Authors created characters who had to display resilience amid constant struggle and failure. • An economic downturn saddled them with burdensome debt that prevented their full participation in the "American Dream." • Many joined the Ku Klux Klan and other nativist groups to fight against radical ideologies and immigrants. • They turned to religion to provide stability and order to an otherwise turbulent decade. CONCEPT The Roaring 20's: A Nervous Generation 20 Choose a consequence of government efforts to address violent crime and drug use in the 1980s and 1990s. • Crack cocaine swept through America’s inner cities and gang violence rose. • African Americans were seven times more likely to be imprisoned than white Americans. • Government anti-drug campaigns, such as the "Just Say No" initiative, led to significant declines in drug use. • Suburban residents feared violence and drug use that was occurring in urban areas. CONCEPT The Culture Wars Continue https://www.coursehero.com/file/68332350/US-History-II-Final-pdf/ This study resource was shared via CourseHero.com 21 If a historian were to question why most of the immigrants coming into the United States were pictured as male, when large numbers of females also immigrated to the United States, they would probably be viewing this picture through which lens? • Economics • Race • Technology • Gender CONCEPT The Lenses of History 22 Because of the economic downturn in the 1890s, many Americans organized in order to seek relief from corporations and elected officials. Choose the statement that reflects an action undertaken in the 1890s to improve conditions for workers. • “We marched on Washington, D.C. to advocate for public works jobs for the unemployed.” • "We joined with farmers in a national political coalition to gain a more powerful voice in the federal government.” • "We hired Pinkerton private security officers to protect laborers at our company." • "American farmers and urban workers united in powerful unions to sway national policy." CONCEPT Economic Depression and Labor Unrest in the 1890s 23 Choose the statement that reflects U.S. involvement in Vietnam during the Eisenhower administration. • Congress passed a resolution that increased the executive branch’s war power, and the U.S. became an official combatant in the war. • The United States escalated the bombing campaign against North Vietnam and almost doubled military spending—to over $80 million—in one year. • The U.S. provided support—money and advisors—to Ngo Dinh Diem in South Vietnam because the administration believed that the Soviet Union and China controlled North Vietnam. • Despite U.S. support, the government of South Vietnam grew weaker. As a result, the United States approved a military coup against the faltering government. https://www.coursehero.com/file/68332350/US-History-II-Final-pdf/ This study resource was shared via CourseHero.com CONCEPT The Early 1960s 24 Which of the following statements best describes the Reservationists' stance toward the Treaty of Versailles? • “We support this treaty as it is written.” • “We support this treaty with amendments.” • “We oppose this treaty on partisan grounds.” • “We oppose this treaty on all grounds.” RATIONALE American ratification of the Treaty of Versailles, including its provisions on the League of Nations, provoked heated debate in Congress. A group of Republican congressmen known as Reservationists appeared willing to approve the treaty, following some amendment. They were opposed by Irreconcilables, who flatly opposed ratifying the treaty, and Congressional Democrats, who staunchly supported the full terms of the treaty. CONCEPT Woodrow Wilson's Vision: America and the League of Nations 25 The AIDS crisis of the 1980s and government inaction in response to it caused organizations like ACT UP to grow. These organizations reflected the view of which of the following groups? • Doctors • Gay rights activists • The Religious Right • Yuppies CONCEPT Morning in America: The Culture Wars of the 1980s https://www.coursehero.com/file/68332350/US-History-II-Final-pdf/ This study resource was shared via CourseHero.com Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org) [Show More]

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