Pathophysiology > STUDY GUIDE > Test Bank Pathophysiology the Biologic Basis for Disease in Adults and Children 8th Edition (All)

Test Bank Pathophysiology the Biologic Basis for Disease in Adults and Children 8th Edition

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MULTIPLE CHOICE   Which statement best describes the cellular function of metabolic absorption? a.    Cells can produce proteins.                            c.    ... Cells can take in and use nutrients. b.   Cells can secrete digestive enzymes.        d.    Cells can synthesize fats.   ANS: C   In metabolic absorption, all cells take in and use nutrients and other substances from their surroundings. The remaining options are not inclusive in their descriptions of cellular metabolic absorption.   PTS: 1 REF: Page 2     2. Most of a cell’s genetic information, including RNA and DNA, is contained in the: a. Mitochondria c. Nucleolus b. Ribosome   d. Lysosome   ANS: C   The nucleus contains the nucleolus, a small dense structure composed largely of RNA, most of the cellular DNA, and the DNA-binding proteins, such as the histones, which regulate its activity. The other options do not contain most of a cell’s genetic information.   PTS:   1                           REF:    Page 2   Which component of the cell produces hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) by using oxygen to remove hydrogen atoms from specific substrates in an oxidative reaction? a.    Lysosomes                                                              c.    Ribosomes b.   Peroxisomes                                                           d.    Oxyhydrosomes   ANS: B   Peroxisomes are so named because they usually contain enzymes that use oxygen to remove hydrogen atoms from specific substrates in an oxidative reaction that produces   H2O2, which is a powerful oxidant and potentially destructive if it accumulates or escapes from peroxisomes. Ribosomes are RNA-protein complexes (nucleoproteins) that are   synthesized in the nucleolus and secreted into the cytoplasm through pores in the nuclear envelope called nuclear pore complexes. Lysosomes are saclike structures that originate from the Golgi complex and contain more than 40 digestive enzymes called hydrolases,   which catalyze bonds in proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, and carbohydrates. Oxyhydrosomes are involved in enzyme production.   PTS:   1                           REF:    Page 8   Which cell component is capable of cellular autodigestion when it is released during cell   injury? a.    Ribosome                                                                 c.    Smooth endoplasmic reticulum b.   Golgi complex                                                       d.    Lysosomes   ANS: D [Show More]

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