Nursing > NCLEX-PN > NCLEX PN TEST BANK_2022/2023 | PN TEST BANK - 100% CORRECT ANSWERS (All)
@n NCLEX Exam NCLEX-PN National Council Licensure Examination(NCLEX-PN) Version: 5.0 [ Total Questions: 725 ]Topic break down Topic No. of Questions Topic 1: Questions Set A 100 Topic 2: Quest... ions Set B 100 Topic 3: Questions Set C 100 Topic 4: Questions Set D 91 Topic 5: Questions Set E 91 Topic 6: Questions Set F 243 NCLEX NCLEX-PN : Practice Test Best Solution to Pass Your Exam 2Topic 1, Questions Set A Teaching the client with gonorrhea how to prevent reinfection and further spread is an example of: A. primary prevention. B. secondary prevention. C. tertiary prevention. D. primary health care prevention. Answer: B Explanation: Secondary prevention targets the reduction of disease prevalence and disease morbidity through early diagnosis and treatment.Physiological Adaptation Which of the following foods is a complete protein? A. corn B. eggs C. peanutsDsunflower seeds Answer: B Explanation: Eggs are a complete protein. The remaining options are incomplete proteins.Health Promotion and Maintenance Question No : 1 - (Topic 1) Question No : 2 - (Topic 1) NCLEX NCLEX-PN : Practice Test Best Solution to Pass Your Exam 3Broccoli, oranges, dark greens, and dark yellow vegetables can be eaten to: A. supplement vitamin pills. B. balance body molecules. C. cure many diseases. D. help improve body defenses. Answer: D Explanation: Controversy over what types of food to eat and not eat is still under investigation. Certain foods can help improve body defenses to possibly prevent certain diseases.Nonpharmacological Therapies The major electrolytes in the extracellular fluid are: A. potassium and chloride. B. potassium and phosphate. C. sodium and chloride. D. sodium and phosphate. Answer: C Explanation: Sodium and chloride are the major electrolytes in the extracellular fluid.Physiological Adaptation Question No : 3 - (Topic 1) Question No : 4 - (Topic 1) Question No : 5 - (Topic 1) NCLEX NCLEX-PN : Practice Test Best Solution to Pass Your Exam 4Which of the following nursing diagnoses might be appropriate as Parkinson’s disease progresses and complications develop? A. Impaired Physical Mobility B. Dysreflexia C. Hypothermia D. Impaired Dentition Answer: A Explanation: The client with Parkinson’s disease can develop a shuffling gait and rigidity, causing impaired physical mobility. The other diagnoses do not necessarily relate to a client with Parkinson’s disease.Reduction of Risk Potential Which of the following is an inappropriate item to include in planning care for a severely neutropenic client? A. Transfuse netrophils (granulocytes) to prevent infection. B. Exclude raw vegetables from the diet. C. Avoid administering rectal suppositories. D. Prohibit vases of fresh flowers and plants in the client’s room. Answer: A Explanation: Granulocyte transfusion is not indicated to prevent infection. Produced in the bone marrow, granulocytes normally comprise 70% of all WBCs. They are subdivided into three types based on staining properties: neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils. They can be beneficial in a selected population of infected, severely granulocytopenic clients (less than 500/mm3) who do not respond to antibiotic therapy and who are expected Question No : 6 - (Topic 1) NCLEX NCLEX-PN : Practice Test Best Solution to Pass Your Exam 5to experience prolonged suppression of granulocyte production.Physiological Adaptation A primary belief of psychiatric mental health nursing is: A. most people have the potential to change and grow. B. every person is worthy of dignity and respect. C. human needs are individual to each person. D. some behaviors have no meaning and cannot be understood. Answer: B Explanation: Every person is worthy of dignity and respect. Every person has the potential to change and grow. All people have basic human needs in common with others. All behavior has meaning and can be understood from the client’s perspective.Psychosocial Integrity A teenage client is admitted to the hospital because of acetaminophen (Tylenol) overdose. Overdoses of acetaminophen can precipitate life-threatening abnormalities in which of the following organs? A. lungs B. liver C. kidneys D. adrenal glands Answer: B Explanation: Question No : 7 - (Topic 1) Question No : 8 - (Topic 1) NCLEX NCLEX-PN : Practice Test Best Solution to Pass Your Exam 6Acetaminophen is extensively metabolized in the liver. Choices 1, 3, and 4 are incorrect because prolonged use of acetaminophen might result in an increased risk of renal dysfunction, but a single overdose does not precipitate life-threatening problems in the respiratory system, renal system, or adrenal glands.Pharmacological Therapies All of the following factors, when identified in the history of a family, are correlated with poverty except: A. high infant mortality rate. B. frequent use of Emergency Departments. C. consultation with folk healers. D. low incidence of dental problems. Answer: D Explanation: Dental problems are prevalent because of the lack of preventive care and access to care. High infant mortality is one of the most significant problems correlated with poverty. Pregnant women who do not have access to care might come to the Emergency Department when in labor. Those in poverty are likely to use Emergency Departments because they may not be turned away. Those in poverty might also turn to folk healers or other persons in their community for care who might be easier to access and might not demand payment.Health Promotion and Maintenance Question No : 9 - (Topic 1) Question No : 10 - (Topic 1) NCLEX NCLEX-PN : Practice Test Best Solution to Pass Your Exam 7Acyclovir is the drug of choice for: A. HIV. B. HSV 1 and 2 and VZV. C. CMV. D. influenza A viruses. Answer: B Explanation: Acyclovir (Zovirax) is specific for treatment of herpes virus infections. There is no cure for herpes. Acyclovir is excreted unchanged in the urine and therefore must be used cautiously in the presence of renal impairment. Drugs that treat herpes inhibit viral DNA replication by competing with viral substrates to form shorter, ineffective DNA chains.Physiological Adaptation Ashley and her boyfriend Chris, both 19 years old, are transported to the Emergency Department after being involved in a motorcycle accident. Chris is badly hurt, but Ashley has no apparent injuries, though she appears confused and has trouble focusing on what is going on around her. She complains of dizziness and nausea. Her pulse is rapid, and she is hyperventilating. The nurse should assess Ashley’s level of anxiety as: A. mild. B. moderate. C. severe. D. panic. Answer: C Explanation: The person whose anxiety is assessed as severe is unable to solve problems and has a poor grasp of what’s happening in his or her environment. Somatic symptoms such as those described by Ashley are usually present. Question No : 11 - (Topic 1) NCLEX NCLEX-PN : Practice Test Best Solution to Pass Your Exam 8Vital sign changes are observed. The individual with mild anxiety might report being mildly uncomfortable and might even find performance enhanced. The individual with moderate anxiety grasps less information about the situation, has some difficulty problem-solving, and might have mild changes in vital signs. The individual in panic demonstrates markedly disturbed behavior and might lose touch with reality.Psychosocial Integrity Which of the following methods of contraception is able to reduce the transmission of HIV and other STDs? A. intrauterine device (IUD) B. Norplant C. oral contraceptives D. vaginal sponge Answer: D Explanation: The vaginal sponge is a barrier method of contraception that, when used with foam or jelly contraception, reduces the transmission of HIV and other STDs as well as reducing the risk of pregnancy. IUDs, Norplant, and oral contraceptives can prevent pregnancy but not the transmission HIV and STDs. Clients using the contraceptive methods in Choices 1, 2, and 3 should be counseled to use a chemical or barrier contraceptive to decrease transmission of HIV or STDs.Health Promotion and Maintenance Question No : 12 - (Topic 1) Question No : 13 - (Topic 1) NCLEX NCLEX-PN : Practice Test Best Solution to Pass Your Exam 9Which fetal heart monitor pattern can indicate cord compression? A. variable decelerations B. early decelerations C. bradycardia D. tachycardia Answer: A Explanation: Variable decelerations can be related to cord compression. The other patterns are not.Reduction of Risk Potential The nurse teaching about preventable diseases should emphasize the importance of getting the following vaccines: A. human papilloma virus, genital herpes, measles. B. pneumonia, HIV, mumps. C. syphilis, gonorrhea, pneumonia. D. polio, pertussis, measles. Answer: D Explanation: Vaccines are one of the most effective methods of preventing and controlling certain communicable diseases. The smallpox vaccine is not currently in use because the smallpox virus has been declared eradicated from the world’s population. Diseases such as polio, diphtheria, pertussis, and measles are mostly controlled by routine childhood immunization. They have not, however, been eradicated, so children need to be immunized against these diseases.Physiological Adaptation Question No : 14 - (Topic 1) NCLEX NCLEX-PN : Practice Test Best Solution to Pass Your Exam 10Which of the following conditions is mammography used to detect? A. pain B. tumor C. edema D. epilepsy Answer: B Explanation: Mammography is used to detect tumors or cysts in the breasts, not the other conditions.Reduction of Risk Potential When the nurse is determining the appropriate size of an oropharyngeal airway to insert, what part of a client’s body should she measure? A. corner of the mouth to the tragus of the ear B. corner of the eye to the top of the ear C. tip of the chin to the sternum D. tip of the nose to the earlobe Answer: A Explanation: An oropharyngeal airway is measured from the corner of the client’s mouth, to the tragus of the ear. Reduction of Risk Potential Question No : 15 - (Topic 1) Question No : 16 - (Topic 1) NCLEX NCLEX-PN : Practice Test Best Solution to Pass Your Exam 11Which sign might the nurse see in a client with a high ammonia level? A. coma B. edema C. hypoxia D. polyuria Answer: A Explanation: Coma might be seen in a client with a high ammonia level.Reduction of Risk Potential What do the following ABG values indicate: pH 7.38, PO2 78 mmHg, PCO2 36mmHg, and HCO3 24 mEq/L? A. metabolic alkalosis B. homeostasis C. respiratory acidosis D. respiratory alkalosis Answer: B Explanation: These ABG values are within normal limits. Choices 1, 3, and 4 are incorrect because the ABG values indicate none of these acid-base disturbances.Physiological Adaptation Which of the following is the primary force in sex education in a child’s life? Question No : 17 - (Topic 1) Question No : 18 - (Topic 1) Question No : 19 - (Topic 1) NCLEX NCLEX-PN : Practice Test Best Solution to Pass Your Exam 12A. school nurse B. peers C. parents D. media Answer: C Explanation: Parents are the primary force in sex education in a child’s life. The school nurse is involved with formal sex education and counseling. Peers become more important in sex education during adolescence but might lack correct information. The media play a powerful role in what children learn about sex through movies, TV, and video games.Health Promotion and Maintenance The nurse is assessing the dental status of an 18-month-old child. How many teeth should the nurse expect to examine? A. 6 B. 8 C. 12 D. 16 Answer: C Explanation: [Show More]
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