Anthropology > EXAM > University of Minnesota - EXAM 3ANT Cultural Anthropology. All answers (All)

University of Minnesota - EXAM 3ANT Cultural Anthropology. All answers

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Question 1 p.553 Once two Inuit individuals are involved in a dispute and become peaceful by engaging in a singing contest, the affair is considered Question 2 The people to whom you are relat... ed by marriage are considered what type of kinship? Question 3 To some extent, in literate societies, the function of legends has been taken over by history. Question 4 p.647 Many people see the worldwide spread of fast food giants as a sign of Question 5 p.502 Matrilineal societies are matriarchal—that is, women have the primary authority. Question 6 Which of the following is not a factor in determining what caste one is assigned in the Indian caste system? Question 7 p.637 As modernization occurs, all of the following changes are likely to follow except: . Question 8 p.433 The transition from food foraging to food production first took place about _____ years ago in _____. Question 9 If the animal figures on a Haida totem are highly stylized and represent only the most basic forms of animals, then the totem would be considered as Question 10 Ethnomusicology began in the early 20th century. Question 11 All peoples engage in artistic behavior as they use their imagination creatively to interpret, understand, and even enjoy life. The archaeological record suggests that humans have produced art for how many years? Question 12 Applied anthropologist Paul Farmer is associated with all of the following except: Question 13 The term “modernization” refers to the process of cultural and socioeconomic change whereby societies acquire the Question 14 The more individuals become enmeshed into larger social networks, as happens in political states, the more they rely on kinship. Question 15 The more divergent cultural traditions are, the more difficult it is for pluralism to be successful. Question 16 Which strategy did the Jivaroan-speaking Shuar of Ecuador not use to preserve their culture? Question 17 Among food foragers, religion tends to be inseparable from daily life. Question 18 In American society, age does not play a role in social organization. Question 19 To achieve self-determination, the Shuar abandoned their cooperative lifestyle and acquired individual titles to land. Question 20 Among the Tiriki of East Africa, each of the age grades last approximately how many years? Question 21 Two people playing different patterns of beats at the same time is called Question 22 Witchcraft accusations serve as a mechanism of social control. Question 23 Warfare is more prominent among foragers than horticulturalists. Question 24 Someone who uses irrigation, fertilizers, and the plow to produce food on large plots of land is known as a/an Question 25 The source of the Kapauku tonowi’s wealth is Question 26 Age sets are distinct from simple age grades. Question 27 Totemism is associated with clan organizations. Question 28 One of the first and most prominent anthropologists to focus on these worldwide transformations was Question 29 The belief in ancestral spirits is associated with a dualistic approach of body/matter versus mind/soul. Question 30 To say differing sex roles among food foragers are compatible with the biological differences between men and women supports the assertion that they are biologically determined. Question 31 Applied anthropology began in the 1960s as a way of improving life in developing countries. Question 32 Maize originated in Mexico. Today, more maize is grown each year worldwide than any other grain. Question 33 Kindred and bilateral descent can be used interchangeably since they mean the same thing. Question 34 Among the traditional Igbo of Midwestern Nigeria, women were not allowed positions in the administrative hierarchy. Question 35 In most societies, divorce is quite simple. Question 36 People started shifting to food-producing ways of life about 10,000 years ago. Question 37 What is the primary significance of the African Burial Project? Question 38 What is the “Gini Index”? Question 39 Polygyny is legal in only two states in the U.S. Question 40 Which of the following is a special form of social class in which membership is determined by birth and remains fixed for life? Question 41 A holistic spiritual worldview that is found in egalitarian societies and which permeates all daily Question 42 What is the purpose of the eruv? Question 43 In 1493, Christopher Columbus introduced Europe to the American plant Question 44 New reproductive technologies are Question 45 Rosita Worl is a Native American anthropologist who now works to encourage traditional communities to enter the global market and put aside their less profit-oriented economic ventures. Question 46 Relationships among members of a chiefdom are egalitarian. Question 47 The Trobrianders have a rigidly controlled sex life and puritan attitudes toward sexuality. Question 48 If a farmer leaves his land behind and comes to the city to seek work, this is classified as which type of migration? Question 49 If a group is well adapted to its environment, it will never change as long as conditions remain the same. Question 50 Because they are usually in more sociable positions, women tend to have more common-interest associations than men. Question 51 The Bakhtiari are pastoralist nomads who shepherd their herds throughout the Iran-Iraq border area. Question 52 _____founded the Institute for Development Anthropology and has made pioneering contributions to applied anthropology. Question 53 About 3 million people live by food foraging in the world today. Question 54 Leveling mechanisms are found in every society, although they are less common in smaller, more traditional societies where there is less material need. Question 55 Which of the following situations represents a flexible/integrated pattern of gender division of labor? Question 56 Power that organizes and orchestrates the systemic interaction within and among societies is called. Question 57 Anglo-American culture uses Eskimo kinship terminology. Question 58 Most of the situation comedies, soap operas, and adventure series shown on television are non-religious, non-historical, and appreciated primarily as a source of entertainment. Thus they may be classified as what kind of verbal arts? Question 59 Which of the following statements about revitalization movements is incorrect? Question 60 All of the following statements about cargo cults are correct except: Question 61 The burden of modernization in developing countries falls mostly on Question 62 There is a degree of task specialization in all societies. In the Danakil region of Eritrea, the Afar men occasionally mine what mineral as a trade good? Question 63 Multiculturalism involves all of the following except: Question 64 Through what practice do lineages develop new alliances within the larger social system? Question 65 One of the functions of dowry is to ensure a woman’s support in widowhood. Question 66 The African continent is 25% Christian. Question 67 In most societies, the basic unit of the cooperation is the Question 68 A positive side effect to restricting sexual behavior is that it may also limit Question 69 The Dalai Lama is a spiritual leader of the Muslim Sufis. Question 70 In the current digital age, there are common associations based on virtual communities, including Facebook, which has approximately how many subscribers worldwide? Question 71 Cargo cults occur primarily during moments of high social stress. Question 72 British occupation of Tasmania resulted in genocide of the Palawa hunters-gatherers who were living there. Question 73 Bands have formal leadership, although it changes when necessary. Question 74 The Dalits are also known as the Sudras in the caste system. Question 75 Compadrazgo is a form of ritualized adoption. Question 76 The tonowi of the Kapauku of New Guinea acquires political power by all of the following except: Question 77 1. Your mother’s sister’s child is your parallel cousin. Question 78 _____ sanctions attempt to precisely and explicitly regulate people’s behavior. They can be positive (such as military decorations) or negative (such as imprisonment). Question 79 1. In China today, there is a shortage of women as marriage partners because of the one-child policy. Question 80 The Comanche and the Cheyenne were quite different culturally until they moved out onto the Great Plains and made use of the horse to hunt the buffalo and raid settled peoples. They then became more similar in cultural adaptations, a process called [Show More]

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