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ATI. MATERNAL-NEWBORN questions with correct answers

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ATI. MATERNAL-NEWBORN 1. Two days after delivery, a postpartum client prepares for discharge. What should the nurse teach her about lochia flow? 2. A nurse monitors fetal well-being by means o... f an external monitor. At the peak of the contractions, the fetal heart rate has repeatedly dropped 30 beats/min below the baseline. Late decelerations are suspected and the nurse notifies the physician. Which is the rationale for this action? 3. Which preoperative nursing interventions should be included for a client who is scheduled to have an emergency cesarean birth? 4. Which nursing instruction should be given to the breastfeeding mother regarding care of the breasts after discharge? 5. A client in preterm labor is admitted to the hospital. Which classification of drugs should the nurse anticipate administering? 6. Which of the following are probable signs, strongly indicating pregnancy? 7. Two hours after delivery the nurse assesses the client and documents that the fundus is soft, boggy, above the level of the umbilicus, and displaced to the right side. The nurse encourages the client to void. Which is the rationale for this nursing action? 8. Which site is preferred for giving an IM injection to a newborn? 9. During the first twelve hours following a normal vaginal delivery, the client voids 2,000 mL of urine. How should the nurse interpret this finding? 10. If a pregnant client diagnosed with gestational diabetes cannot maintain control of her blood sugar by diet alone, which medication will she receive? 11. Which assessment finding indicates that placental separation has occurred during the third stage of labor? 12. The nurse midwife is concerned about a pregnant client who is suspected of having a TORCH infection. Which is the main reason TORCH infections are grouped together? They are: 13. During the postpartum period, a hospitalized client complains of discomfort related to her episiotomy. The nurse assigns the diagnosis of “pain related to perineal sutures.” Which nursing intervention is most appropriate during the first 24 hours following an episiotomy? 14. A client asks the nurse about the benefits of breastfeeding. Which response by the nurse provides the most accurate information? 15. Which physiological change takes place during the puerperium? 16. A client delivered two days ago and is suspected of having postpartum "blues." Which symptoms confirm the diagnosis? 17. Shortly after delivery, the nursery nurse gives the newborn an injection of phytonadione (Vitamin K). The infant's grandmother wants to know why the baby got “a shot in his leg.” Which response by the nurse is most appropriate? 18. At 10 weeks gestation, a primigravida asks the nurse what is occurring developmentally with her baby. Which response by the nurse is correct? 19. A nurse in the clinic instructs a primigravida about the danger signs of pregnancy. The client demonstrates understanding of the instructions, stating she will notify the physician if which sign occurs? 20. An hour after delivery, the nurse instills erythromycin (Ilotycin) ointment into the eyes of a newborn. The main objective of the treatment is to prevent infection caused by which organism? 21. A woman in active labor receives a narcotic analgesic for pain control. If the narcotic is given a half an hour before delivery, which effect will the medication have on the infant? It will cause the infant's: 22. For a client in the second trimester of pregnancy, which assessment data support a diagnosis of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH)? 23. A 35-week gestation infant was delivered by forceps. Which assessment findings should alert the nurse to a possible complication of the forceps delivery? 24. In which position should the nurse place the laboring client in order to increase the intensity of the contractions and improve oxygenation to the fetus? 25. A woman enters the birthing center in active labor. She tells the nurse that her membranes ruptured 26 hours ago. The nurse immediately takes the client's vital signs. Which is the rationale for the nurse's actions? 26. A new client's pregnancy is confirmed at 10 weeks gestation. Her history reveals that her first two pregnancies ended in spontaneous abortion at 12 and 20 weeks. She has a4-year-old and a set of 1-year-old twins. How should the nurse record the client's current gravida and para status? 27. A 16-year-old client reports to the school nurse because of nausea and vomiting. After exploring the signs and symptoms with the client, the nurse asks the girl whether she could be pregnant. The girl confirms that she is pregnant, but states that she does not know how it happened. Which nursing diagnosis is most important? 28. A client is admitted to the hospital for induction of labor. Which are the main indications for labor induction? 29. A client in active labor receives a regional anesthetic. Which is the main purpose of regional anesthetics? 30. The nursery nurse reviews a newborn's birth history and notes that the Apgar scores were 5 at one minute after birth, and 7 at five minutes after birth. How should the nurse interpret these scores? The infant: 31. With routine prenatal screening, a woman in the second trimester of pregnancy is confirmed to have gestational diabetes. How may the nurse explain the role of diet and insulin in the management of blood sugar during pregnancy? ...............................................................continued............................................................... [Show More]

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