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MA279/BSC2347 Section 1A Human Anatomy and Physiology II - Residential and Online - 2019 Summer Quarter A & P II Module 7 Quiz

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MA279/BSC2347 Section 1A Human Anatomy and Physiology II - Residential and Online - 2019 Summer Quarter A & P II Module 7 Quiz User Course MA279/BSC2347 Section 1A Human Anatomy and Physiology II... - Residential and Online - 2017 Summer Quarter Test Module 07 Quiz Started 8/16/19 6:37 AM Submitted 8/16/19 6:56 AM Status Completed Attempt Score 14 out of 15 points Time Elapsed 18 minutes out of 20 minutes Results Displayed Submitted Answers • Question 1 1 out of 1 points The kidneys secrete a hormone that influences red blood cell production? • Question 2 1 out of 1 points What is true of a nephron? • Question 3 1 out of 1 points The nephrons drain the filtrate into the minor and major calyxes that converge to form the renal pelvis and ultimately the ureter? • Question 4 1 out of 1 points What is NOT true regarding the renal blood vessels? • Question 5 1 out of 1 points Relaxation of both the internal and external urethral sphincters is done through conscious awareness? • Question 6 1 out of 1 points What is NOT true of the male and female urethras? • Question 7 1 out of 1 points In healthy kidneys, what is not a common substance filtered out of the glomerulus? • Question 8 0 out of 1 points What is NOT true of hormonal control on the nephron? • Question 9 1 out of 1 points Diuretics are a class of drugs that increase the activity of antidiuretic hormone? • Question 10 1 out of 1 points What is NOT true of the urinary bladder? • Question 11 1 out of 1 points The glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is highly regulated because if GFR increases, the amount of urine output decreases? • Question 12 1 out of 1 points What is NOT true of urine formation? • Question 13 1 out of 1 points Aldosterone’s main effect is the raise the blood pressure by increasing sodium ion absorption in the nephrons leading to increased water absorption and increased water volume? • Question 14 1 out of 1 points What is NOT true about urine? • Question 15 1 out of 1 points Tubular secretion within urine formation is when: 1. Tubular secretion within urine formation is when: 2. The kidneys secrete a hormone that influences red blood cell production? 3. The glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is highly regulated because if GFR increases, the amount of urine output decreases? 4. Diuretics are a class of drugs that increase the activity of antidiuretic hormone? 5. What is true of a nephron? 6. In healthy kidneys, what is not a common substance filtered out of the glomerulus? 7. What is NOT true of the male and female urethras? 8. What is NOT true regarding the renal blood vessels? 9. The nephrons drain the filtrate into the minor and major calyxes that converge to form the renal pelvis and ultimately the ureter? 10. What is NOT true of the urinary bladder? … 11. Aldosterone’s main effect is the raise the blood pressure by increasing sodium ion absorption in the nephrons leading to increased water absorption and increased water volume? 12. What is NOT true of urine formation? The kidneys filter unwanted substances from the blood and produce urine to excrete them. There … 13. What is NOT true about urine? 14. Relaxation of both the internal and external urethral sphincters is done through conscious awareness? 15. What is NOT true of hormonal control on the nephron? 29. Tubular secretion of the urine formation allows for larger substances, such as drugs, to be excreted from the body? 30. The cervix is technically part of the vagina? 31. Trans fat is the healthiest fat for the body? 32. What is NOT true of lipid metabolism? 33. Chemical digestion of proteins begins in which region of the digestive system? 34. Vitamins and minerals can be used as an energy source if needed to be? 35. If glomerular filtration rate (GFR) increases, overall blood volume will decrease? 36. The cephalic phase of gastric secretion can be stimulated by the sight, taste or even smell of food? 37. Luteinizing hormone within a male reproductive system directly influences testosterone production? 38. If the breathing rate slowed and carbon dioxide levels increased within a body, the blood pH would: 39. The secretory phase of the uterine cycle is when the endometrium starts to breakdown and is sloughed off through the cervix and vagina? 40. The clitoris within a female is considered an erectile tissue? 41. What is typically NOT seen in a healthy microscopic urine specimen observation? 42. The extracellular fluid is about 1/3 of the overall body water content? 43. The role of the liver in the digestive system is to: 1. Site of filtrate formation. 2. Site that drains the distal convoluted tubule. 3. Blood supply that directly receives substances from the tubular cells. 4. Site at which most of the tubular reabsorption occurs 5. ) Low pressure, porous vessels that reabsorb solutes and water from the tubule cells 6. ) High pressure vessel that forces fluid and solutes into the glomerular capsule. 7. May form meandering vessels or bundles of long straight vessels. Efferent arterioles 8. ) Play a role in urine concentration. 9. Fenestrated vessels that allow passage of all plasma elements but not blood cells. 10. The mechanism that establishes the medullary osmotic gradient depends most on the permeability properties of the ________. 11. Which of the following is not associated with the renal corpuscle? 12. An increase in the permeability of the cells of the collecting tubule to water is due to a(n) ________. 13. The urinary bladder is composed of ________ epithelium. 14. The kidneys are stimulated to produce renin ________. 15. Which of the choices below is not a function of the urinary system? 16. The ________ artery lies on the boundary between the cortex and medulla of the kidney. 17. The glomerulus differs from other capillaries in the body in that it ________. 18. The descending limb of the nephron loop ________. 19. Select the correct statement about the ureters. 20. The fatty tissue surrounding the kidneys is important because it ________. 21. The renal corpuscle is made up of ________. 22. The functional and structural unit of the kidneys is the ________. 23. Which of the following does not describe the justaglomerular complex? 24. The chief force pushing water and solutes out of the blood across the filtration membrane is ________. 25. Which of the following acts as the trigger for the initiation of micturition (voiding)? 26. The filtration membrane includes all except ________. 27. The mechanism of water reabsorption by the renal tubules is ________. 28. Most electrolyte reabsorption by the renal tubules is ________. 29. The macula densa cells respond to ________. 30. Which of the following is not reabsorbed by the proximal convoluted tubule? 31. The fluid in the glomerular (Bowman's) capsule is similar to plasma except that it does not contain a significant amount of ________. 32. Alcohol acts as a diuretic because it ________. 33. The function of angiotensin II is to ________. 34. A disease caused by inadequate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) by the pituitary gland with symptoms of polyuria is ________. 35. An important characteristic of urine is its specific gravity or density, which is ________. 36. Place the following in correct sequence from the formation of a drop of urine to its elimination from the body. 37. Select the correct statement about the nephrons. 38. What would happen if the capsular hydrostatic pressure were increased above normal? 39. Which of the following is NOT a part of the juxtaglomerular complex? 40. Which of the following is NOT true regarding tubular reabsorption? 41. Which of the following is the least important influence on reabsorption of a substance in the nephron? 42. Reabsorption of high levels of glucose and amino acids in the filtrate is accomplished by ________. 43. Which of the choices below is a function of the nephron loop? 44. Which of the following is the correct sequence of kidney development from embryo to fetus? 45. Which of the following best describes kidney function in older adults (70 years or older)? 46. The factor favoring filtrate formation at the glomerulus is the ________. 47. If the Tm for a particular amino acid is 120 mg/100 ml and the concentration of that amino acid in the blood is 230 mg/100 ml, the amino acid will ________. 48. If one says that the clearance value of glucose is zero, what does this mean? 49. Excretion of dilute urine requires ________. 50. Which of the choices below is NOT a method by which the cells of the renal tubules can raise blood pH? 51. In the ascending limb of the nephron loop the ________. 52. Select the correct statement about urinary system development. 53. Which of the choices below is the least important role of tubular secretion? 54. What is the most direct function of the juxtaglomerular apparatus? 55. Which of the choices below is the salt level-monitoring part of the nephron? 56. Which of the hormones below is responsible for facultative water reabsorption? 57. Which of the choices below is NOT a glomerular filtration rate control method? 58. Which of the choices below are the most important hormone regulators of electrolyte reabsorption and secretion? 59. Which cells of the kidney are chemoreceptors that respond to changes in solute content of the filtrate? 60. ADH activated water channels called ________ are essential for water reabsorption in the collecting duct. 61. The need to get up in the middle of the night to urinate is called ________. 62. The area between the ureters and urethra is called the ________ in a bladder. 63. The ________ mechanism is the general tendency of vascular smooth muscle to contract when stretched. 64. The presence of pus in the urine is a condition called ________. 65. Sodium-linked water flow across a membrane not under hormonal control is called ________ water reabsorption. 66. List three substances that are abnormal urinary constituents and provide the proper clinical term for such abnormalities. [Show More]

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