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NURSING 250 Nutrition Proctored Final Exam Questions and Answers Latest 2021 Complete Study Guide. Graded A

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1. A nurse is teaching a group of older adult clients about dietary needs. Which of the following statements should the nurse include in the teaching? A. Older adults should decrease their calorie i... ntake B. Older adults should decrease their vitamin D intake C. Older adults should decrease their fiber intake D. Older adults should decrease their zinc intake. 2. A nurse is caring for a client who is receiving parenteral nutrition and has a new prescription for probiotic therapy. Which of the following findings indicates the therapy is effective? A. Client has soft, formed bowel movements B. Client’s mucous membranes are pink C. Client reports ability to complete ADLs D. Client’s blood glucose level is within the expected reference range 3. A nurse is planning care for a client who is to have a mechanically altered diet following a stroke which of the following foods should nurse recommend to include in the client’s diet? A. Mashed potatoes B. Ice cream C. Ground meat D. Strawberries E. Raw broccoli 4. A nurse is teaching a client who has hemoglobin of 10 g/dl about dietary interventions. Which of the following menu selections by the client indicates an understanding of the teaching? A. Apple slices B. Cottage cheese C. Beef liver D. Baked potato 5. A nurse is caring for a client who is receiving chemotherapy and reports a loss of appetite. Which of the following strategies should the nurse recommend to increase the client’s protein intake? A. Grate cheese into soups B. Add mayonnaise to salads C. Use honey on toast D. Mix granola with fruits 6. A nurse is planning dietary teaching for a client who follows a vegetarian diet and needs to increase his iron intake. Which of the following food recommendations should the nurse include in the teaching? A. Raw cauliflower B. Carrot sticks C. Peanut butter D. Dried beans 7. A nurse is providing teaching about a gluten free diet to a client who has celiac disease. Which of the following foods should the nurse recommend the client include in his diet? A. Barley B. Corn C. Wheat germ D. Salami 8. A nurse is planning to reach a client who is recovering from an episode of acute diverticulitis and needs to eat foods that are high in fiber. Which of the following food choices should the nurse plan to recommend as having the highest fiber content? A. 3 oz turkey B. 1 cup low-fat, plain yogurt C. 1/2 cup cooked white rice D. 1/2 cup cooked peas 9. A nurse is providing dietary teaching to a client about sources of protein. The nurse should identify which of the following items as a complete protein? A. Gelatin B. Legumes C. Almonds D. Salmon 10. A nurse in the emergency department is assessing a young adult client who was administered a hypotonic IV fluid bolus for rehydration after collapsing at an athletic event. Which of the following dindings indicates the client is experiencing water intoxication? A. Weak pulses B. Hypernatremia C. Exaggerated reflexes D. Muscle weakness 11. A nurse is reviewing the laboratory results of a client who has bulimia nervosa. the nurse should notify the provider of which of the following results? A. Magnesium 1.6 B. Hgb 14 C. WBC 5200 D. Potassium 3.2 12. A nurse is caring for a client who is taking antibiotics and develops diarrhea. Which of the following foods should the nurse recommend to include in the client’s diet? A. Ice cream B. Whole wheat bread C. Fresh orange sections D. Yogurt 13. A nurse is reaching a client who is breastfeeding and has a new prescription for amoxinillin 250 mg po every 8 hr. which of the following information should the nurse include in the reaching? A. You should pump your breasts 1 hour after taking the antibiotic and discard the mike B. You may continue to breastfeed while you are on a short term antibiotic C. You will need to decrease your medication dose while breastfeeding D. Your body will metabolize the antibiotic so that is will not be present in the breast mike 14. A nurse is proving dietary teaching to a client who has a new diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Which of the following foods or beverages should the nurse recommend to minimize heartburn? A. Potatoes B. Decaffeinated coffee C. Peppermint D. Orange juice 15. A nurse is planning eating strategies with a client who has nausea from equilibrium imbalance. Which of the following strategies should the nurse recommend? A. Limit fluid intake between meals B. Provide low fat carbohydrates with meals C. Encourage the client to eat even if nauseated D. Serve hot food at mealtime 16. A nurse is developing a plan of care for a client who has anorexia nervosa. Which of the following actions should the nurse include in the plan? A. Inform the client that a weight gain of 2.3kg per week is expected B. Offer the client a selection of beverages at each meal C. Encourage the client to participate in developing a system of rewards D. Arrange for someone to remain with the client for 30 min after meals 17. A nurse is caring for a client who is receiving enteral feedings via tube. Which of the following actions should the nurse take to prevent aspiration? A. Warm the formula prior to administering B. Measure the client’s gastric residuals C. Elevate the head of the bed to 15 D. Auscultate the client’s bowel sounds 18. A nurse is teaching about managing hypoglycemia with carbohydrates to a client who has diabetes mellitus. Which of the flowing foods should the nurse include in the teaching as containing the most carbohydrates? A. 1 glucose tablet B. 4 oz fruit juice C. 1 tsp honey D. 4 pieces hard candy 19. A nurse is teaching the family of a school age child who is obese about complication of childhood obesity. Which of the following complications should the nurse include in the teaching? A. Type 1 diabetes mellitus B. Hypothyroidism C. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis D. Hypertension 20. A nurse is planning care for a client who is pregnant and plans to breastfeed her newborn. Which of the following information should the nurse include in the plan of care? A. The newborn should breastfeed immediately following birth B. The newborn should have bursts of six sucks and swallows during feeding C. The newborn should receive 1 oz of glucose water after the first breastfeeding session D. The newborn should breastfeed every 4 hr during the day. 21. A nurse is planning care for a client who has ascites secondary to liver disease. Which of the following interventions should the nurse include in the plan of care? A. Restrict protein intake to less than 0.8 g/kg/day B. Decrease daily caloric intake by 20% C. Reduce complex carbohydrates to 30% of total calories D. Limit sodium to 2,000 mg or less per day [Show More]

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