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HESI A2 Anatomy and Physiology|Full latest 2020/2021 complete questions & answers exam guide.

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HESI A2 Anatomy and Physiology|Full latest 2020/2021 complete questions & answers exam guide.-1. Anatomic position 2. Which of the following is a structure found in the upper respiratory? 3. A person ... who has damage to their ulnar nerve will have decreases sensation in 4. Which bone dose not articulate with any other bone? 5. Which of the following statements best describe endocrine glands? 6. Diet is important because bone are storage places for 7. Which organ is part of both the male reproductive system and the urinary system? 8. Red blood cell production is known as which of the following? A. Hematopoiesis B. Erythropoiesis C. Phagocytosis D. Thrombopoiesis 9. When an individual is under stress, hormones are released. Which of the following is not one of the locations in which hormones are released when under stress? A. Parathyroid B. Adrenal cortex C. Posterior pituitary D. Hypothalamus 10. The central nervous system is made up of all except which of the following? A. Brain B. Heart C. Retina D. Spinal cord 11. The thyrotrophic-releasing growth hormone-releasing, and gonadotropin-releasing hormones are released by which of the following endocrine system glands? A. Thymus B. Pituitary gland C. Pineal gland D. Hypothalamus 12. What is the most visible part of the ear? A. Pinna B. Organ of Corti C. Cochlea D. Ear canal 13. Which of the following is an organ of the respiratory system? A. Brain B. Larynx C. Urethra D. Pancreas 14. The motor cortex helps the brain by monitoring and controlling the body's movement. Where is the motor cortex located within the brain? A. Top, middle portion of the parietal lobe. B. Back of the head C. Front portion of the parietal lobe. D. Around the auditory cortex 15. The heart contains four chambers. Which of these four chambers is the largest and the strongest? A. Left ventricle B. Left atrium C. Right ventricle D. Right atrium 16. Which of the following organs is involved with the immune system? A. Heart B. Bronchi C. Appendix D. Esophagus 17. Which of the following is not a principal organ of the nervous system? A. Brian B. Thymus C. Ganglia D. Spinal cord 18. Where do the endocrine system and the nervous system meet? A. At the pituitary gland and the pineal gland B. At the hypothalamus and pituitary gland C. At the pineal gland D. At the thyroid gland 19. The pancreas is an endocrine system gland mainly responsible for which of the following? A. Proper bone development B. Metabolism control C. Maintaining healthy sugar levels D. Distribution of stored fat. 20. The stomach lining membrane name? 21. skin aids in maintaining the calcium and phophate levels of the body by participating in the production of which of the following 22. all action of the nervous system depend on the transmission of nerve impulses over which of the following? 23. which hormone initiates the preparation of the endometrium of the uterus for pregnancy 24. which female reproductive organ's produce oocytes, estrogen and progesterone 25. the buttocks is on which surface the body 26. the esophagus is located at which body cavity 27. which is a hollow organ 28. which muscle is included in the quadriceps femoris group 29. what occur when the sympathetic nervous system is stimulated? 30. which hormone is produce by the posterior pituitary gland 31. which structure regulat the transport of substance in and out of a cell 32. a person who damages to their ulnar nerve will have decrease sesutior in which area 33. when assessing a female client who describes herself as a vegetarian in the nurse notes that she has an unusual skin color. The nurse should ask the client if she has eaten large amount of: 34. which structure produces B-lymphocytes 35. how many days is the avarage menstrul cycle 36. where in the human body are nutrients absorbed 37. The central nervous system is made up of all except which of the following? 38. The motor cortex helps the brain by monitoring and controlling the body's movement. Where is the motor cortex located within the brain? 39. The heart contains four chambers. Which of these four chambers is the largest and the strongest? 40. Which of the following is not a principal organ of the nervous system? 41. The pancreas is an endocrine system gland mainly responsible for which of the following? 42. Tough elastic tissues found in the joints that connect bones to bones are called: 43. What mineral is responsible for muscle contractions? 44. Where can the urinary bladder and internal reproductive organs be found? 45. Nerve tissue is composed of neurons and connective tissue cells that are referred to as which of the following? 46. Which tissue serves as the framework of the body by providing support and structure for the organs? 47. What are the glands of skin that produce a thin, watery secretion 48. You have been given a sample of tissue that has open spaces partially filled by an assemblage of needle like structures. What is this tissue? 49. Which mineral is responsible for regulating fluid in the body? 50. Motor or _____ neurons transmit nerve impulses away from the CNS. 51. What are chemical messengers that control growth, differentiation, and the metabolism of specific target cells called? 52. Which blood vessel where exchanges take place between blood and the cells of the body? 53. The stomach muscle churns and mixes food, turning the mass into a soupy substance called what? 54. All the nutrients that enter the hepatic portal vein are routed where for decontamination? 55. In men, spermatozoa develop within the ____ of each testis 56. During pregnancy, what organ produces the hormones that maintain the endometrium and prepare the breasts for milk production? 57. Gland whose secretion is oily- a mixture of oily substances and cell fragments 58. Sweat gland whose secretion is s primarily water and salts plus contains protein and fatty subsatances 59. Smooth muscle structure in the skin 60. What type of joint is the elbow 61. What type of joint is the hip and shoulder 62. what are the two most abundant minerals stored in bones extracellular matrix 63. The most abundant glial cells found in the CNS that anchor neurons to capillaries and 64. What does the adrenal medulla secrete? 65. Which skin cancer is the most dangerous? malignant 66. Which skin cancer is moderatly dangerous? 67. Which skin cancer is least dangerous? 68. What is the only artery in the body to carry oxygen-poor blood? 69. Chocolate cysts of the ovaries are attributed to ____. 70. tendons connect 71. Where is interstitial fluid found in the body? 72. Which lobe of the brain is associated with judgement, planning, impulse control, and social behavior? 73. What does lipase do? 74. In what area of the body would you expect to find and especially thick stratum corneum? 75. What two things must be present for a muscle cell to contract? 76. the esophagus is located at which body cavity a) ventral b) abdominal c) thoracic 77. What is the response of CF cell in the collecting tubules in the nephrons when antiduretic hormone (ADH) is secreted? 78. what is the function of ADH hormone 79. which muscle is included in tue quadriceps femoris group a) trapezius b) vastuslateralis c) gastrocnemious d) rectus abdominus 80. the calcaneous is located in whih part of the body the leg 81. Where is the tympanic membrane located? 82. Fats are broken down in the small intestine using which enzyme(s)? 83. What is the only artery to carry oxygen-poor blood? 84. What do ligaments connect? 85. Is epithelial tissue vascular or avascular? Avascular 86. Which of the following describes the primary function of the respiratory system? A) to create sound and speech B) to take oxygen into the body while removing carbon dioxide C) to transport nutrients to the cells and tissue of the body D) to act as a barrier between the body's organs and outside influences 87. Which of the following is the first step of the scientific method? A) construct a hypothesis B) make observations C) analyze data D) form a question 88. The process of organisms with an advantageous trait surviving more often and producing more offspring than organisms without the advantageous trait describes which of the following basic mechanisms? A) gene flow B) genetic drift C) mutation D) natural selection 89. Which of the following is the group of basophils that produces follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone? A) gonadotrophs B) thyotroph C) chromophil D) pituicytes 90. Which of the following are considered the basic units of the female reproductive system, each containing a single immature egg cell that is released during ovulation? A) oocytes B) follicles C) ovaries D) fundus 91. Which of the following describes the muscular organ that processes food material into increasingly smaller pieces, mixes it with saliva to create a bolus, and creates a barrier to transport food into the esophagus? A) pharynx B) tongue C) diaphragm D) stomach 92. Which of the following chambers of the heart receives blood returning from the lungs during pulmonary circulation? A) left atrium B) right atrium C) left ventricle D) right ventricle 93. Which of the following is the lobe in the cerebral cortex primarily responsible for processing and integrating sensory information received from the rest of the body? A) frontal lobe B) occipital lobe C) parietal lobe 94. Which of the following is an example of adaptive, or specific, immunity? A) inflammation B) fever C) humoral D) phagocytosis 95. Which of the following describes a situation in which research results are consistent with every subsequent experiment, but the test used in the experiment does not measure what it claims to measure? A) reliable, but not valid B) valid, but not reliable C) neither reliable or valid D) both reliable and valid 96. Which of the following Mendellian laws describes how pairs of alleles within genes separate and recombine separately from other genes? A) law of segregation B) law of dominance C) law of independent assortment D) law of predictive traits 97. Which of the following describes how atomic radius varies across the periodic table? A) atomic radius increases from top to bottom and left to right on the periodic table B) atomic radius increases from top to bottom and right to left on the periodic table C) atomic radius increases from top to bottom and toward the halogens on the periodic table D) atomic radius increases from top to bottom and toward the noble gases on the periodic table 98. Which of the following is NOT a tissue layer found in skeletal bones? A) periosteum B) bone marrow C) enamel D) cancellous bone 99. Which of the following sets of valves is primarily responsible for preventing blood flow from major blood vessels to the heart? A) atrioventricular valves B) semilunar valves C) tricuspid valves D) bicuspid valves 100. Bone is composed primarily of which of the following inorganic materials? A) calcium B) magnesium C) collagen D) potassium 101. Which of the following is the primary physical barrier the body uses to prevent infection? A) mucus membranes B) stomach acid C) skin D) urine 102. Which of the following is the connective area where nerve impulses send neurotransmitters across a synapse to a muscle cell to stimulate muscle contraction? A) sarcomere B) tendon C) nicotinic receptors D) neuromuscular junctions 103. Which of the following is the region of the brain that controls and regulates autonomic functions such as respiration, digestion, and heart rate? A) cerebellum B) medulla oblongata C) temporal lobe D) cerebral cortex 104. Which of the following describes the primary function of the pyloric sphincter? A) to regulate the movement of digested food material from the stomach to the duodenum B) to neutralize stomach acid C) to prevent food materials and stomach acid from leaking into other bodily tissues D) to begin the process of chemical digestion 105. Which of the following is the location of fertilization in the females? A) uterus B) fallopian tube C) endometrium D) fimbriae 106. The pineal gland is located in which of the following areas in the body? A) below the larynx B) above the kidney C) at the center of the brain hemispheres D) at the base of the brain 107. Which of the following processes aids scientists in observing a population sample in order to answer questions about the whole population? A) univariate analysis B) inferential statistics C) descriptive statistics D) probability 108. Which of the following biological macromolecules is non-soluble, composed of hydrocarbons, and acts as an important source of energy storage for the body? A) carbohydrates B) nucleic acids C) lipids D) proteins 109. Which of the following is specialized tissue in the right atrium that acts as the heart's natural pacemaker by generating the electrical signal for the heartbeat? A) sinus venosus B) sinoatrial node C) atrioventricular node D) septa 110. Which of the following is a dense, interconnected mass of nerve cells located outside the central nervous system? A) ganglion B) dendrite C) cranial nerve D) pons 111. Which of the following is the primary cell found in the tract of the small intestine? A) surface absorptive cells B) surface lining cells C) parietal cells D) hepatocytes 112. Which of the following describes the general function of cytokines in the immune system? A) they communicate between cells to instigate an immune response B) they inhibit blood clotting during inflammation responses C) they bind to specific pathogens to increase pathogen mass D) they transport pathogens trapped in mucus to be destroyed in the stomach 113. Which of the following describes the path through which air moves during inhalation? A) mouth/nose > pharynx > larynx > trachea > bronchi > bronchioles > alveoli B) bronchioles > alveoli > bronchi > larynx > pharynx > lungs C) mouth/nose > bronchi > bronchioles > alveoli > lungs > trachea D) alveoli > bronchioles > lungs > bronchi > trachea > larynx > pharynx > mouth/nose 114. Which of the following is not a function of progesterone in the female reproductive system? A) expression of secondary sexual characteristics, such as enlarged breasts B) stimulation of milk production in the breasts C) regulation and preparation of the endometrial lining of the uterus for potential pregnancy D) inhibition of contractions of the uterus as the ovum is released 115. Which of the following layers of skin acts as an energy reserve by storing adipocytes and releasing them into circulation when energy is needed? A) epidermis B) dermis C) hypodermis D) stratum basale 116. Neurotransmitters send chemical messages across the gap between one neuron and another in which of the following structures? A) cell membrane B) ganglion C) synapse D) axon 117. Hund's rule states which of the following? A) chemical bonds are formed only between electrons with similar spin B) the attraction between electrons holds atoms together C) a ground state atom always has a completely filled valence shell D) electrons fill orbitals singly and with similar spin before pairing 34) Which of the following is the primary function of the large intestine? A) absorbing digested material into the blood B) nutrient processing and metabolizing C) absorbing water and compacting material into solid waste D) bile production and storage 35) When setting up the above experiment, the scientist has the option of using a separate water filter for each of the three tanks or using a single filtration system that attaches all three and affects them simultaneously. Which of the following filter set ups makes a more valid experiment and why? A) separate filters for each of the three tanks, because this ensures a higher quality of water for each tank B) one filtration system for all three tanks, because this makes filtration a controlled variable C) one filtration system for all three tanks, because this reduces the workload for the researcher D) separate filters for each of the three tanks, because this adds another variable to be tested and analyzed for inclusion in the experiment's results 36) The above experimental design description is an example of which of the following types of experiments? A) field experiment B) natural experiment C) controlled experiment D) observational study 37) Which of the following is the control group in the above experiment A) tank A B) tank B C) tank C D) there is no control group in this experiment 38) Which of the following is a type of white blood cell that plays a key role in adaptive immunity by seeking out, attacking, and destroying targeted pathogens? A) B cells B) goblet cells C) antibodies D) T cells 39) Which of the following are the blood vessels that transport blood to the heart? A) arteries B) capillaries C) venules D) veins 40) Which of the following organelles are the site of lipid synthesis? A) smooth endoplasmic reticulum B) ribosome C) rough endoplasmic reticulum D) golgi apparatus 41) Which of the following describes a series of measurements that produces exact results on a consistent basis? A) accurate B) precise C) valid D) significant 42) Chromatids divide into identical chromosomes and migrate to opposite ends of the cell in which of the following phases of mitosis? A) metaphase B) anaphase C) prophase D) telophase 43) A series of muscle contractions that transports food down the digestive tract in a wave-like fashion describes which of the following? A) digestion B) deglutition C) defecation D) peristalsis 44) Which of the following is NOT a function of the liver? A) nutrient processing B) blood filtration and detoxification C) cholesterol and lipoprotein production D) insulin production and blood sugar regulation 45) 2C6H14 19O2 --> 12CO2 14H2O. The reaction above is an example of which of the following? A) substitution reaction B) acid-base reaction C) enzyme reaction D) combustion reaction 46) Which of the following are regions of the digestive system in which amylase is produced? A) pancreas and salivary glands B) gall bladder and salivary glands C) gall bladder and liver D) pancreas and liver 47) Which of the following describes a cell's reaction to being placed in a hypertonic solution? A) the cell will shrink as water is pulled out of the cell to equalize the concentrations inside and outside the cell B) the cell will swell as water is pulled into the cell to equalize the concentrations inside and outside the cell C) the cell will remain the same size since the concentrations inside and outside the cell are equal to begin with D) the pH inside the cell will drop in order to equalize the pH inside and outside the cell 48) Which of the following are the two major zones of the respiratory system? A) left bronchus and right bronchus B) nose and mouth C) larynx and pharynx D) conducting and respiratory 49) Which of the following is not one of the major tissue layers of the alimentary canal? A) submucosa B) muscularis C) adventitia D) duodenum 50) Which of the following distinguishes the isotopes of an element? A) isotopes are atoms of the same element that have different ionic charges B) isotopes are atoms of elements within the same group on the periodic table C) isotopes are atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neutrons D) isotopes are atoms of the same element with different electron configurations 51) Which of the following is the cartilaginous flap that protects the larynx from water or food while still allowing the flow of air? A) epiglottis B) bronchioles C) epithelium D) tongue 52) Which of the following describes the function of the fascia in muscle tissue? A) to enclose, protect, support, and separate muscle tissue B) to connect muscle tissue to bone C) to serve as the contractile until of muscle D) to slide past the actin protein cells in muscle to create contraction 53) Which of the following correctly describes a strong acid? A) a strong acid completely ionizes in water B) a strong acid donates more than one proton C) a strong acid contains at least one metal ion D) a strong acid will not decompose 54) The process by which blood circulates oxygen from the lungs to the body's tissues is an example of which of the following? A) external respiration B) internal respiration C) inhalation D) exhalation 55) Which of the following is the material that is secreted into hair follicles to waterproof and lubricate the skin? A) sweat B) sebum C) vernix caseosa D) mucus 56) Which of the following are the connective tissues that attach bone to bone and help strengthen joints? A) tendons B) cartilage C) collagen D) ligaments 57) Which of the following is NOT a nucleobase of DNA? A) adenine B) guanine C) thymine D) uracil 58) Which of the following materials is the primary structural protein of the epidermis, nails, and skin? A) eponychium B) collagen C) keratin D) fibroblast 59) Which of the following correctly describes atomic number? A) the atomic number is the number of atoms in a mole of a given substance B) the atomic number is the number of neutrons in an atom C) the atomic number is the number of atoms in a gram of a given substance D) the atomic number is the number of protons in an atom 60) Which of the following is a descriptive, generalized body of scientific observations? A) law B) theory C) model D) hypothesis 61) Which of the following types of cells are the main transporters of oxygen through the body? A) goblet cells B) white blood cells C) red blood cells D) platelets 62) Which of the following is the general term for a chemical substance that the body produces and transports through the blood to stimulate a cellular response? A) hypophysis B) amino acids C) oxytocin D) hormones 63) Which of the following is NOT a function of hair? A) regulation of body temperature B) extension of the sensory system C) protection from UV radiation D) protecting soft tissue from injury 64) Which of the following is NOT one of the functions of proteins found in the phospholipid bilayer of a cell membrane? A) to break down material that enters through the cell membrane B) to act as receptors that recognize and transmit hormonal messages C) to provide an attachment point for other cells D) to transport material across the membrane into the cell 65) Which of the following is the muscular action that moves a part of the body away from its median plane? A) abduction B) adduction C) pronation D) supination 66) Which of the following does NOT distinguish quantitative data collection from qualitative data collection methods? A) qualitative methods are more open-ended than quantitative B) results from randomized quantitative methods can be applied to a general population; results from qualitative cannot C) quantitative methods are number based; qualitative methods are text based D) qualitative methods do not need to be as valid or reliable as quantitative methods 67) Which of the following is an example of a birthmark caused by an increased volume of capillaries close to the surface of the skin? A) ephelides B) vascular nevis C) melanocytes D) comedones 68) Which of the following correctly describes the valence shell of an atom? A) the valence shell is the outermost-occupied electron orbital energy level B) the valence shell is always partially filled with electrons C) the valence shell is found only in ions, not in neutral atoms D) the valence shell must contain p-orbitals 69) Which of the following describes how skeletal muscles and bones work together to stimulate movement? A) muscles contract and exert force on the bone, which acts as a lever to stimulate movement B) bones contract and exert force on the muscle, which acts as a lever to stimulate movement C) muscles elongate, moving the bone involuntarily D) bones elongate, moving the muscle involuntarily 70) Which of the following describes the correct order of stages of the cell cycle? A) interphase --> mitosis --> cytokinesis B) prophase --> metaphase --> anaphase --> telophase C) interphase --> meiosis I --> meiosis II D) gap I --> synthesis --> gap II 71) Which of the following occurs due to a hypersensitivity in the immune system that causes a major inflammatory response to a common material? A) development of antibodies B) autoimmune disorders C) allergies D) AIDS 72) Which of the following is one of the primary muscles that drives ventilation? A) thoracic cavity B) oblique C) lungs D) diaphragm 73) White blood cells develop from stem cells located in which of the following organs? A) thymus B) bone marrow C) lymph node D) spleen 75) Which of the following molecules have London dispersion forces? A) all atoms and molecules have London dispersion forces B) atoms and molecules with full valence shells have London dispersion forces C) atoms and molecules with a noble gas electron configuration have London dispersion forces D) atoms and molecules that contain at least one metal atom have London dispersion forces 76) Which of the following are the two proteins found in muscle tissue that cause muscle contraction as they slide past one another? A) actin and sarcomeres B) actin and myosin C) myosin and tropomyosin D) troponin and sarcomeres 77) Which of the following is NOT a hormone-producing gland of the endocrine system? A) steroid B) pituitary C) adrenal D) thyroid 78) Which of the following is the process in which pathogens are "eaten", or absorbed and digested, by white blood cells as part of an immune response? A) pinocytosis B) phagocytosis C) opsonization D) vasodilation 79) Which of the following describes the relationship between correlation and causation? A) correlation implies causation B) only negative correlation implies causation C) correlation and causation are mutually exclusive; if one happens, the other cannot D) correlation does not imply causation 80) The exchange of gases and blood happens in which of the following parts of the respiratory zone? A) alveoli B) alveolar duct C) pleura D) bronchioles 81) Which of the following glands provides nourishment for sperm, as well as the majority of the fluid that combines with sperm to form semen? A) seminal vesicles B) prostate gland C) bulbourethral glands D) Cowper's glands 82) Which of the following is the largest branch of the abdominal aorta, which supplies oxygenated blood to the upper digestive tract? A) inferior mesenteric artery B) gastric artery C) celiac artery D) superior mesenteric artery 83) Which of the following is NOT a phase of spermatogenesis, or the final stage of sperm formation? A) tail formation B) cap phase C) golgi phase D) fertilization 84) Blood is metabolized in the liver as it passes through which of the following types of blood vessels? A) hepatic vein B) inferior vena cava C) arterioles D) sinusoidal capillaries 85) Which of the following is a heterogenous mixture? A) a mixture in which the atoms or molecules are distributed unevenly B) a mixture of more than one type of atom or molecule C) a mixture of covalent and ionic compounds D) a mixture of polar and nonpolar molecules 86) Hormones can be classified into one of four basic groups based on their chemical source. Which of the following groups is derived from cholesterol? A) catecholamines B) steroids C) polypeptides D) eicosanoids 87) Which of the following is a definition of adaptation, in the context of evolution? A) the process of descent with modification B) the increased likelihood that a particular genotype will increase in frequency in a population C) the process of individuals in a population choosing mates due to superior characteristics D) a biological feature or behavior in a population of organisms that improves its chances for survival in the environment 88) Which of the following is the element of blood that comprises most of its volume? A) plasma B) red blood cells C) white blood cells D) water 89) Which of the following is NOT true for enzyme-catalyzed reactions? A) the reaction will speed up if the concentration of substrate increases B) the reaction will speed up if the concentration of enzymes increases C) the reaction will slow down at very low temperatures D) the reaction will speed up without limit as the temperature increases 90) Which of the following is the molecule found in red blood cells that binds to up to four oxygen molecules? A) hemoglobin B) erythrocytes C) globulin D) antigens 91) Which of the following is NOT a reason why randomization is critical in experimental design, especially in experiments with human subjects? A) to give humans no choice but to participate B) to eliminate selection bias C) to provide a statistical basis D) to provide a balanced group of subjects 92) Which of the following is the division of the nervous system primarily responsible for regulating all involuntary and subconscious muscle functions? A) somatic nervous system B) autonomic nervous system C) sympathetic nervous system D) peripheral nervous system 93) Which of the following is an appendage of a neuron that sends electrical signals away from the neuron cell? A) axon B) dendrite C) neurite D) neuroglia 94) Which of the following is the definition of action potential in a neuron? A) a connection between two neurons B) an electrical impulse that is transported down a neuron in response to a stimulus C) an imbalanced electrical charge that exists in an inactive nerve cell D) a chemical signal between two nerve cells 95) Which of the following are the three major portions of the brain? A) cerebellum, spinal cord, white matter B) cerebrum, temporal lobe, occipital lobe C) pons, medulla oblongata, brain stem D) cerebrum, cerebellum, brain stem 96) Which of the following describes how a catalyst speeds up a reaction? A) a catalyst participates in the reaction, making it go faster B) a catalyst speeds up a reaction by causing lower energy products to be made C) a catalyst lowers the activation energy by providing an alternate route for the reaction D) a catalyst causes the reactants to collide more frequently 97) Which of the following is the final vessel through which semen must pass before being expelled from the body? A) ejaculatory duct B) penile urethra C) membranous urethra D) vas deferens 98) Which of the following groups of bones are part of the axial skeleton? A) pectoral girdle B) rib cage C) arms and hands D) pelvic girdle 99) Which of the following types of variables is changed in a scientific experiment? A) controlled variable B) measured variable C) dependent variable D) independent variable 100) The vertebral column consists of thirty-three vertebrae and is divided into several groups. Which of the following describes the lumbar vertebrae? A) seven vertebrae located in the neck that connect the vertebral column to the skull, allowing for neck rotation B) five vertebrae that are fused in the pelvis, forming a supportive, wedge-shaped bone C) twelve vertebrae located in the upper back, each of which connects to the base of a rib D) five vertebrae located in the lower back, which support most of the body's weight 101) Which type of hypothesis assumes no relationship between two variables? A) scientific hypothesis B) working hypothesis C) null hypothesis D) alternate hypothesis 102) Which of the following describes the applicability of a research conclusion to situations outside the experiment? A) internal validity B) test validity C) external validity D) content validity 103) Which of the following is NOT one of the three types of muscles found in the human body? A) skeletal B) cardiac C) soft D) smooth 1. Ligaments provides with connection? Bone to bone 2. What structure conduct urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder? Ureter 3. Anaerobic respiration can lead to a burning sensation caused by with molecule? Lactic acid 4. As part of the negative feedback system, which type of cell is stimulated to resorb bone matrix in response to a decrease in calcium in the blood? Osteoclasts 5. Sweat on the skin's surface cools the body through which process? Evaporation 6. When assessing a female client who describes herself as a vegetarian in the nurse notes that she has an unusual skin color. The nurse should ask the client if she has eaten large amount of: 7. Which hand position describes an anatomical position of a person who is standing erect with feet forward? 8. Which structure is a ball and socket joint? 9. Which anatomical structure houses the malleus, incus, and stapes? 10. What are like cells grouped together called? 11. The pulse point located behind the knee is palpated over which artery? 12. Ceruminous glands secrete 13. What type of synovial joint is the elbow? 14. What occurs when the sympathetic nervous system is stimulated? Increased 15. Where does digestion begin in the digestive system? 16. Which structure regulates the transport of substances in and out of a cell? 17. The mediastinum is located within which cavity? 18. What is the effect of serotonin, a neurotransmitter? 19. What is the response of cells in the collecting tubules in the nephrons when antidiuretic hormone AHD is secreted? 20. What is the function of the thrombocytes (platelets)? 21. Which muscle of the quadriceps femoris group lies on the slide surface of the lower extremity? 22. Which structure is located on the sternum 23. The occipital region is located in which part of the body? 24. Which structure carries oxygen to the cells? 25. Which gland is commonly known as the "Master Gland"? 26. Aspirin occurs when there is a tear in which structures? 27. What epidermal derivative is involved in temperature homeostasis? 28. Which statement are true about bone? 29. Aqueous humor is watery fluid in which part of the body? 30. The Malleus, Incus, and Stapes are located in which part of the body? 31. Dorsiflexion plantar flexion are types of joint movement that are associated with which part of the body? 32. Within which vessel does blood return from the lungs? 33. Which part of the brain is involved in auditory functioning? 34. What internal structure of the ear is concerned with hearing? 35. Fertilization of an ovum occurs in which anatomical structure? 36. Where is the tubialis anterior muscle located? 37. An over-production of cerumen (earwax) can accumulate in which area? 38. The mitral value is located between which two structures? 39. The olfactory nerves is associate in which sense? 40. Vessel carries blood from the body to the heart? 41. Hormone(s) is/are produced by the ovaries? 42. Plane divides the body into right and left sides? 43. Two principles divisions that makeup nervous system? 44. The orthopedic surgeon informs you that you have broken the distal region of the humerus. What area is he describing? 45. Part of the brain attaches to spinal cord? 46. Which term is used to describe movement of the arms and legs away from midline of the body? 47. Structure provides a pulse reading in the neck? 48. Which hormone is produce by the posterior pituitary gland? 49. What is the primary function of the hemoglobin (blood)? [Show More]

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