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Chapter 2: The History and Social Context of Nursing (ASSURED A)

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Chapter 2: The History and Social Context of Nursing (ASSURED A) Which iearly inursing ileader ifounded ithe ifirst itraining ischool ifor inurses ithat iwould ilater ibecome ia imodel ifor iearly i... nursing ieducation? a. Dorothea iDix b. Florence iNightingale c. Clara iBarton d. Mary iAnn iBickerdyke ANS: B Feedback A Dorothea iDix iis ibest iknown ias ian iadvocate ifor ithe imentally iill, iand ishe icreated ia ibrief itraining iprogram iat itwo iNew iYork ihospitals ifor iwomen iwho iwished ito iserve ias inurses iin ithe iCivil iWar. B Florence iNightingale ifounded ithe ifirst itraining ischool ifor inurses iat iSt. iThomas's iHospital iin iLondon iin i1806. iThis ibecame ithe imodel ifor inursing ieducation iin ithe iUnited iStates. C Clara iBarton iis iknown ifor ifounding ithe iAmerican iRed iCross. D Mary iAnn iBickerdyke iis ibest iknown ifor inursing iservices iduring ithe iCivil iWar. DIF: Cognitive iLevel: iKnowledge REF: p. i25 2. Who iwas ithe ifirst ieducated iAfrican-American iprofessional inurse? a. Linda iRichards b. Phoebe iPember c. Sojourner iTruth d. Mary iEliza iMahoney ANS: D Feedback A Linda iRichards iwas ithe ifirst itrained inurse iin ithe iUnited iStates. B Phoebe iPember iwas ione iof ithe ifirst iwomen iplaced iin icharge iof ia ihospital. C Sojourner iTruth iwas ia ifamous iabolitionist iwho iserved ias ia inurse ifor ithe iUnion iforces iin ithe iCivil iWar. D Mary iEliza iMahoney iwas ithe ifirst iAfrican-American iprofessional inurse; ishe iwas ieducated iat ithe iNew iEngland iHospital ifor iWomen iand iChildren. DIF: Cognitive iLevel: iKnowledge REF: p. i27 3. To iwhich iearly inursing ileader iis iattributed ithe ifounding iof ithe iAmerican iRed iCross? a. Clara iBarton b. Dorothea iDix c. Florence iNightingale d. Lavinia iLloyd iDock ANS: A Feedback A Founding ithe iAmerican iRed iCross iis iattributed ito iClara iBarton. B Dorothea iDix iwas isuperintendent iof iwomen inurses iof ithe iUnion iArmy. C Florence iNightingale iwas ian iEnglish ipioneer iin inursing. D Lavinia iLloyd iDock iwas iinfluential iin iforming ithe iNational iLeague ifor iNursing i(NLN). DIF: Cognitive iLevel: iKnowledge REF: p. i26 4. What iwere isome iof ithe iapplication irequirements iof inursing ieducation iprograms iin ithe i1900s? a. Male, iintelligent, istrong b. Female, isensitive, isubservient c. Female, idocile, ifrom ipoor ibackground d. Male, ihigh ibreeding, iindependent ANS: B Feedback A Men iwere inot ithought ito ibe isensitive ienough ifor inursing. B Sensitivity, ibreeding, iintelligence, iladylike ibehavior, iand isubmission ito iauthority iwere ihighly idesired ipersonal itraits ifor inursing istudents. C High ibreeding iwas idesirable ifor inursing ieducation iprogram iapplicants. D Men iwere inot idesired inursing ieducation iprogram iapplicants. DIF: Cognitive iLevel: iKnowledge REF: p. i27 5. Which iof ithe ifollowing istatements ibest idescribes ihow ithe iChicago iWorld's iFair iof i1893 ibecame ia ipivotal ipoint iin ithe ihistory iof inursing ieducation iin ithe iUnited iStates? a. Florence iNightingale's iwork ion isanitation iand iits irelationship ito imortality irates iwas ifinally irecognized. b. The iorganization itoday iknown ias ithe iNLN iwas iformed ito iaddress iissues iin inursing ieducation. c. The iAmerican iNurses iAssociation i(ANA) iwas iformed ito ioversee inursing ieducation iin ithe iUnited iStates. d. The iInternational iCouncil iof iNurses i(ICN) iwas iformed ito ienhance icollaboration ibetween ipracticing inurses iand ieducators. ANS: B Feedback A Florence iNightingale's ipaper iwas ion iscientific itraining iof inurses. B Several iinfluential inursing ileaders imet iat ithe iChicago iWorld's iFair iand istarted ithe iNational iLeague ifor iNursing iEducation—the iprecursor ito ithe iNLN. C The iNLN, inot ithe iANA, iwas iformed ito ioversee inursing ieducation iin ithe iUnited iStates. D The iICN iwas inot ifounded iuntil i1899 iand iis inot iinvolved iin iU.S. ieducation iof inurses. DIF: Cognitive iLevel: iComprehension REF: p. i28 6. Which iearly inursing iorganization iis icredited iwith ifirst irecommending istate iregistration ifor inurses? a. ICN b. NLN c. ANA d. National iAssociation iof iColored iGraduate iNurses ANS: A Feedback A The iICN iwas iformed ito iunite iall inursing iorganizations. iThe itopic iof ithe ifirst imeeting iwas iregistration ifor inurses iby ieach icountry iand istate. B The iNLN iwas iformed ito ioversee inursing ieducation iin ithe iUnited iStates. C The iANA iwas iformed ito ienhance icollaboration ibetween ipracticing inurses iand ieducators. D The iNational iAssociation iof iColored iGraduate iNurses iwas iformed ito idevelop ileadership iamong iAfrican-American inurses. DIF: Cognitive iLevel: iKnowledge REF: p. i28 7. Which iof ithe ifollowing inursing ileaders, ibecause iof iher iwork iin ithe iHenry iStreet iSettlement, iis iconsidered ithe ifounder iof ipublic ihealth inursing? a. Margaret iSanger b. Clara iBarton c. Lillian iWald d. Lavinia iLloyd iDock ANS: C Feedback A Margaret iSanger iis iknown ifor iher iwork ion ibirth icontrol iwith iimmigrant iwomen ifrom ithe iLower iEast iSide iof iNew iYork iCity. B Clara iBarton ifounded ithe iAmerican iRed iCross. C Lillian iWald ifounded ithe iHenry iStreet iSettlement, ithe ifirst iformalized ipublic ihealth inursing iproject. D Lavinia iLloyd iDock iwas iinstrumental iin ithe iformation iof ithe iNLN. DIF: Cognitive iLevel: iKnowledge REF: p. i28 8. Despite ithe icaring iefforts iof iearly ipublic ihealth inurses iin ithe iHenry iStreet iSettlement, iracial idisparity ileft imany ipeople iunderserved. iWhich iof ithe ifollowing iAfrican-American ipublic ihealth inurses iwas iinstrumental iin iproviding iexcellent inursing icare ito iunderserved ifamilies idespite ithese isocial ichallenges? a. Jessie iSleet iScales b. Margaret iSanger c. Lavinia iLloyd iDock d. Anita iM. iMcGee ANS: A Feedback A Jessie iSleet iScales iestablished ithe iStillman iHouse, ia ipart iof ithe iHenry iStreet iSettlement ithat iprovided icare ito iAfrican iAmericans. B Margaret iSanger iworked ito iprovide iimmigrant iwomen ion ithe iLower iEast iSide iof iNew iYork iCity iwith ibirth icontrol iinformation. C Lavinia iLloyd iDock ifounded ithe iNLN. D Anita iM. iMcGee iwas ia iphysician iappointed ias ihead iof ithe iHospital iCorps, iwho irecruited inurses ifor ithe iSpanish-American iWar iof i1898. DIF: Cognitive iLevel: iComprehension REF: p. i29 9. Which ione iof ithe ifollowing ievents ioccurring iduring ithe ifirst idecade iof ithe itwentieth icentury ibrought isweeping ichanges ito inursing? a. It iwas irequired ithat iall ipracticing inurses ibe ilicensed. b. Permissive ilicensing ilaws iallowed iregistered inurses i(RNs) ito ipractice iwithout ia ilicense iif ithey iregistered iwith ithe istate. c. All istates irequired ia istandardized ilicensing iexamination. d. Nurses ihad ito ipass ia ilicensing iexamination ito iuse ithe ititle iRN. ANS: D Feedback A Practicing inurses idid inot ihave ito ibe ilicensed ibut icould inot iuse ithe ititle. B Permissive ilicensing ilaws irequired iall inurses iusing ithe ititle iRN ito ibe ilicensed. C Licensing iexaminations iwere inot istandardized iuntil i1950. D Licensure ilaws iwere ipassed ithat irequired iall ipeople iusing ithe ititle iof iRN ito ibe ilicensed. DIF: Cognitive iLevel: iComprehension REF: p. i30 [Show More]

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