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ATI Management: Endocrine Problems: Medical-Surgical Nursing: Assessment and Management of Clinical Problems TESTBANK: Questions and Answers with Explanations (latest Update-chapter 49

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Chapter 49: Endocrine Problems Test Bank MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. A 45-year-old male patient with suspected acromegaly is seen at the clinic. To assist in making the diagnosis, which question should the n... urse ask? a. Have you had a recent head injury? b. Do you have to wear larger shoes now? c. Is there a family history of acromegaly? d. Are you experiencing tremors or anxiety? ANS: B Acromegaly causes an enlargement of the hands and feet. Head injury and family history are not risk factors for acromegaly. Tremors and anxiety are not clinical manifestations of acromegaly. DIF: Cognitive Level: Apply (application) REF: 1157 TOP: Nursing Process: Assessment MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity 2. A 42-year-old female patient is scheduled for transsphenoidal hypophysectomy to treat a pituitary adenoma. During preoperative teaching, the nurse instructs the patient about the need to a. cough and deep breathe every 2 hours postoperatively. b. remain on bed rest for the first 48 hours after the surgery. c. avoid brushing teeth for at least 10 days after the surgery. d. be positioned flat with sandbags at the head postoperatively. ANS: C To avoid disruption of the suture line, the patient should avoid brushing the teeth for 10 days after surgery. It is not necessary to remain on bed rest after this surgery. Coughing is discouraged because it may cause leakage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from the suture line. The head of the bed should be elevated 30 degrees to reduce pressure on the sella turcica and decrease the risk for headaches. DIF: Cognitive Level: Apply (application) REF: 1158 TOP: Nursing Process: Implementation MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity 3. The nurse is planning postoperative care for a patient who is being admitted to the surgical unit form the recovery room after transsphenoidal resection of a pituitary tumor. Which nursing action should be included? a. Palpate extremities for edema. b. Measure urine volume every hour. c. Check hematocrit every 2 hours for 8 hours. d. Monitor continuous pulse oximetry for 24 hours. ANS: B After pituitary surgery, the patient is at risk for diabetes insipidus caused by cerebral edema. Monitoring of urine output and urine specific gravity is essential. Hemorrhage is not a common problem. There is no need to check the hematocrit hourly. The patient is at risk for dehydration, not volume overload. The patient is not at high risk for problems with oxygenation, and continuous pulse oximetry is not needed. DIF: Cognitive Level: Apply (application) REF: 1158 TOP: Nursing Process: Planning MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity 4. The nurse is assessing a 41-year-old African American male patient diagnosed with a pituitary tumor causing panhypopituitarism. Assessment findings consistent with panhypopituitarism include a. high blood pressure. b. decreased facial hair. c. elevated blood glucose. d. tachycardia and cardiac palpitations. ANS: B Changes in male secondary sex characteristics such as decreased facial hair, testicular atrophy, diminished spermatogenesis, loss of libido, impotence, and decreased muscle mass are associated with decreases in follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). Fasting hypoglycemia and hypotension occur in panhypopituitarism as a result of decreases in adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and cortisol. Bradycardia is likely due to the decrease in thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and thyroid hormones associated with panhypopituitarism. DIF: Cognitive Level: Apply (application) REF: 1159 TOP: Nursing Process: Assessment MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity 5. Which information will the nurse include when teaching a 50-year-old male patient about somatropin (Genotropin)? a. The medication will be needed for 3 to 6 months. b. Inject the medication subcutaneously every day. c. Blood glucose levels may decrease when taking the medication. .......................................................continued [Show More]

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