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RN Nursing Care of Children Online Practice 2019 B Question And Answers_Verified Answers

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ATI PEDS B 2019 1) A nurse is planning care for a newly admitted school-age child who has generalized seizure disorder. Which of the following interventions should the nurse plan to include? a) Ensure... that a padded tongue blade is at the child's bedside. b) Allow the child to play video games on a tablet computer. c) Allow the child to take a tub bath independently. d) Ensure the oxygen source is functioning in the child's room. 2) A nurse is providing dietary teaching to the guardian of a school-age child who has cystic fibrosis. Which of the following statements should the nurse make? a) "You should offer your child high-protein meals and snacks throughout the day." b) "You should decrease your child's dietary fat intake to less than 10% of their caloric intake." c) "You should restrict your child's calorie intake to 1,200 per day." d) "You should give your child a multivitamin once weekly." 3) A nurse is providing discharge teaching to the parents of a 6-month-old infant who is postoperative following hypospadias repair with a stent placement. Which of the following instructions should the nurse include in the teaching? a) "You may bathe your infant in an infant bathtub when you go home." b) "Apply hydrocortisone cream to your infant's penis daily." c) "You should clamp your infant's stent twice daily." d) "Allow the stent to drain directly into your infant's diaper." 4) A nurse is caring for a school-age child who has primary nephrotic syndrome and is taking prednisone. Following 1 week of treatment, which of the following manifestations indicates to the nurse that the medication is effective? a) Decreased edema b) Increased abdominal girth c) Decreased appetite d) Increased protein in the urine 5) A nurse is receiving change-of-shift report for four children. Which of the following children should the nurse assess first? a) A toddler who has a concussion and an episode of forceful vomiting b) An adolescent who has infective endocarditis and reports having a headache c) An adolescent who was placed into halo traction 1 hr ago and reports pain as 6 on a scale of 0 to 10 d) A school-age child who has acute glomerulonephritis and brown-colored urine 6) A nurse is providing discharge teaching to the guardians of a toddler who had lower leg cast applied 24 hr ago. The nurse should instruct the guardians to report which of the following finding to the provider? a) Capillary refill time less than 2 seconds b) Restricted ability to move the toesc) Swelling of the casted foot when the leg is dependent d) Pedal pulse 3 bilateral 7) A nurse in an emergency department is auscultating the lungs of an adolescent who is experiencing dyspnea. The nurse should identify the sound as which of the following? a) Wheezes b) Crackles c) Pleural friction rub d) Rhonchi 8) A nurse is caring for a preschooler who has congestive heart failure. The nurse observes wide QRS complexes and peaked T waves on the cardiac monitor. Which of the following prescriptions should the nurse clarify with the provider? a) Furosemide b) Captopril c) Regular insulin d) Potassium chloride 9) A nurse is planning an educational program for school-age children and their parents about bicycle safety. Which of the following information should the nurse plan to include? a) The child should be able to stand on the balls of their feet when sitting on the bike. b) The child should ride their bike 2 feet to the side of other bike riders. c) The child should wear dark-colored clothing with a fluorescent stripe when riding at night. d) The child should ride the bike facing traffic when it is necessary to ride in the street. 10) A nurse is monitoring the oxygen saturation level of an infant using pulse oximetry. The nurse should secure the sensor to which of the following areas on the infant? a) Wrist b) Great toe c) Index finger d) Heel 11) A nurse is an emergency department is caring for a school-age child who has epiglottitis. Which of the following actions should the nurse take? a) Obtain a throat culture from the child. b) Monitor the child's oxygen saturation. c) Put a warm mist humidifier in the child's room. d) Place the child in the supine position 12) A nurse in an emergency department is caring for a school-age child who has sustained a minor superficial burn from fireworks on their forearm. Which of the following actions should the nurse take?a) Administer the tetanus toxoid vaccine if more than 1 year since the prior dose. b) Apply an antimicrobial ointment to the affected area. c) Leave the burn area open to air. d) Place an ice pack on the affected area. 13) A nurse in a providers office is caring for a school-age child who has varicella. The parents asks the nurse when their child will no longer be contagious. Which of the following responses should the nurse make? a) "When your child no longer has an increased temperature." b) "Three days after you first noticed the rash appear on your child." c) "When your child's lesions are crusted, usually 6 days after they appear." d) "Two to three weeks, when your child's lesions completely disappear." 14) A nurse is providing discharge teaching to the parent of a school-age child who has moderate persistant asthma. Which of the following instructions should the nurse include? a) "You should give your child their salmeterol inhaler every 4 hours when they are having an acute episode of wheezing." b) "You should monitor your child's weight weekly while they are receiving inhaled corticosteroid therapy." c) "Pulmonary function tests will be performed every 12 to 24 months to evaluate how your child is responding to therapy." d) "When using the peak expiratory flow meter, record your child's average of three readings." 15) A nurse is admitting an infant who has intussusception. Which of the following findings should the nurse expect? (Select all that apply.) a) Steatorrhea b) Vomiting c) Lethargy d) Constipation e) Weight gain 16) A nurse is reviewing the laboratory results of a school-age child who is 1 week postoperative following an open fracture repair. Which of the following findings should the nurse identify as an indication of a potential complication? a) Erythrocyte sedimentation rate 18 mm/hr b) WBC count 6,200/mm3 c) C-reactive protein 1.4 mg/L d) RBC count 4.7 million/mm3 17) A nurse is providing discharge teaching to the parents of a 3-month old infant following a cheiloplasty. Which of the following instructions should the nurse include? a) "Clean your baby's sutures daily with a mixture of chlorhexidine and water." b) "Expect your baby to swallow more than usual over the next few days."c) "Inspect your baby's tongue for white patches using a tongue depressor every 8 hours." d) "Apply a thin layer of antibiotic ointment on your baby's suture line daily for the next 3 days." 18) A nurse is discussion organ donation with the parents of a school-age child who has sustained brain death due to a bicycle crash. Which of the following actions should the nurse take first? a) Inform the parents that written consent is required prior to organ donation. b) Provide written information to the parents about organ donation. c) Ask the provider to explain misconceptions of organ donation to the parents. d) Explore the parents' feelings and wishes regarding organ donation. 19) A nurse is caring for a 1-month-old infant who is breastfeeding and requires a heel stick. Which of the following actions should the nurse take to minimize the infants pain? a) Use a manual lancet to obtain the heel blood sample. b) Apply an ice pack to the infant's heel prior to obtaining the sample. c) Allow the mother to breastfeed while the sample is being obtained. d) Apply a topical lidocaine cream prior to obtaining the sample. 20) A nurse is assessing an adolescent who received a sodium polystyrene sulfonate enema. Which of the following findings indicates effectiveness of the medication? a) Reports an absence of nausea and vomiting b) Reports experiencing an onset of loose stools within 15 min of administration c) Serum potassium level 4.1 mEq/L d) Blood pressure 86/52 mm Hg 21) A charge nurse is preparing to make a room assignment for a newly admitted schoolage child. Which of the following considerations is the nurses priority? a) Length of stay b) Treatment schedule c) Disease process d) Self-care ability 22) A nurse is assessing the pain level of a 3-year-old toddler. Which of the following pain assessment scales should the nurse use? a) FACES b) Numeric c) CRIES d) Visual analog 23) A nurse is preparing to administer ibuprofen 5 mg/kg every 6 hr PRN for a temperatures above 38.0 C (100.5 F) to an infant who weighs 17.6 lb. Available is ibuprofen oral suspension 100mg/5mL. How many mL should the nurse administer to the infant per dose?i) 2 mL 24) A nurse is assessing a 6-month-old infant during a well-child visit. Which of the following findings should the nurse report to the provider? a) Presence of a central incisor tooth b) Presence of strabismus c) Presence of an open anterior fontanel d) Presence of external cerumen 25) A school nurse is caring for a child following tonic-clonic seizure. Which of the following actions should the nurse take first? a) Check the child for a head injury. b) Observe for oral bleeding. c) Check the child's respiratory rate. d) Observe for extremity weakness. 26) A nurse is planning developmental activities for a newly admitted 10-year-old child who has neutropenia. Which of the following actions should the nurse plan to take? a) Provide the child with a book about adventure. b) Arrange frequent visits from family members and peers. c) Give the child a large-piece puzzle. d) Use puppets to entertain the child. 27) A nurse in a health department is caring for an emancipated adolescent who has an STI and is unaccompanied by a guardian. Which of the following actions should the nurse take? a) Have the adolescent sign a consent form for treatment. b) Instruct the adolescent to return with a guardian. c) Obtain consent from the adolescent's guardian over the phone. d) Treat the adolescent without a consent form. 28) A nurse is assessing an 8-year-old child who has early indications of shock. After establishing an airway and stabilizing the childs respirations, which of the following actions should the nurse take next? a) Insert an indwelling urinary catheter. b) Measure weight and height. c) Initiate IV access. d) Maintain ECG monitoring. 29) A nurse is performing hearing screenings for children at a community health fair. Which of the following children should the nurse refer to a provider for a more extensive hearing evaluation? a) An 18-month-old toddler who has unintelligible speech b) A 3-month-old infant who has an exaggerated startle response c) A 4-year-old preschooler who prefers playing with others rather than aloned) An 8-month-old infant who is not yet making babbling sounds 30) A nurse is providing discharge teaching to the guardian of a school-age child who has undergone a tonsillectomy. Which of the following statements by the guardian indicates an understanding the teaching? a) "My child can resume usual activities since this was just an outpatient surgery." b) "My child will be able to drink the chocolate milkshake I promised to get for them tonight." c) "I will notify the doctor if I notice that my child is swallowing frequently." d) "I will have my child gargle with warm salt water to relieve their sore throat." 31) A community health nurse is assessing an 18-month-old toddler in a community day care. Which of the following findings should the nurse identify as a potential indication of physical neglect? a) Resists having an axillary temperature taken b) Exhibits withdrawal behaviors when their parent leaves c) Has multiple bruises on their knees d) Poor personal hygiene 32) A nurse assessing a school-age child who has an infratentorial brain tumor. Which of the following findings should the nurse identify as a manifestation of increased intracranial pressure? a) Hypotension b) Reports insomnia c) Difficulty concentrating d) Tachycardia 33) A nurse is providing teaching to an adolescent about how to manage tinea pedis. Which of the following statements by the adolescent indicates an understanding of the teaching? a) "I should buy plastic shoes to wear at the swimming pool." b) "I should wear sandals as much as possible." c) "I should place the permethrin cream between my toes twice daily." d) "I should seal my nonwashable shoes in plastic bags for a couple of weeks." 34) A nurse is caring for a school-age child who has diabetes mellitus and was admitted with a diagnosis of diabetic ketoacidosis. When performing the respiratory assessment, which of the following findings should the nurse expect? a) Deep respirations of 32/min b) Shallow respirations of 10/min c) Paradoxic respirations of 26/min d) Periods of apnea lasting for 20 seconds 35) A nurse is planning n educational program to teach parents about protecting their children from sunburns. Which of the following instructions should the nurse plan to include?a) "Allow your child to play outside during the hours between 10:00 a.m. and 2:00 p.m." b) "Choose a waterproof sunscreen with a minimum SPF of 15." c) "Dress your child in loose weave polyester fabric prior to sun exposure." d) "Reapply sunscreen every 4 hours." 36) A nurse is providing teaching to the parents of a preschooler who has heart failure and a new prescription for digoxin twice daily. Which of the following instructions should the nurse include in the teaching? a) "Use a kitchen teaspoon to measure the medication." b) "Brush the child's teeth after giving the medication." c) "Double the next dose if the child misses a dose." d) "Repeat the dose if the child vomits." 37) A nurse is providing teaching to the family of a school-age child who has juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Which if the following instructions should the nurse include in the teaching? a) "Limit movement of the child's large joints." b) "Encourage the child to perform independent self-care." c) "Provide the child with a soft mattress for sleeping." d) "Schedule a 2-hour daily nap for the child in the afternoon." 38) A nurse is creating a plan of care for a child who has varicella. Which of the following interventions should the nurse include? a) Maintain the child's room temperature at 80° F. b) Prepare the child for a lumbar puncture. c) Administer aspirin to the child for a temperature greater than 38.3° C (101° F). d) Initiate airborne precautions for the child. 39) A nurse is assessing a school-age child who has an acute spinal cord injury following a sports injury 1 week ago. Identify the area the nurse should tap to elicit the bicep reflect. i) Correct answer is A 40) A school nurse is providing an in-service for faculty about improving education for students who have ADHD. Which of the following statements by a faculty member indicates an understanding of the teaching? a) "I will plan to increase the amount of homework I assign to students who have ADHD." b) "I will give students who have ADHD the same amount of time as other students to complete tests." c) "I will allow students who have ADHD one rest break throughout the day." d) "I will teach challenging academic subjects to students who have ADHD in the morning."41) A nurse is caring for a school-age child who has peripheral edema. The nurse should identify that which of the following assessments should be performed to confirm peripheral edema? a) Palpate the dorsum of the child's feet. b) Weigh the child daily using the same scale. c) Assess the child's skin turgor. d) Observe the child for periorbital swelling. 42) A nurse is caring for an infant who is receiving IV fluids for the treatment of Tetralogy of Fallot and begins to have hypercryanotic spell. Which of the following actions should the nurse take? a) Place the infant in a knee-chest position. b) Administer a dose of meperidine IV. c) Discontinue administration of IV fluids. d) Apply oxygen at 2 L/min via nasal cannula. 43) A nurse is reviewing the dietary choices of an adolescent who has iron deficiency anemia. The nurse should identify that which of the following menu items has the highest amount of nonheme iron? a) ½ cup whole milk b) 1 cup orange juice c) ½ cup raisins d) 1 cup raw carrots 44) A nurse in an emergency department is assessing a 3-month-old infant who has rotavirus and is experiencing acute vomiting and diarrhea. Which of the following manifestations should the nurse identify as an indication that the infant has moderate to severe dehydration? a) Heart rate 124/min b) Increased tear production c) Sunken anterior fontanel d) Capillary refill 2 seconds 45) A nurse is planning care for a school-age child who has tunneled central venous access device. Which of the following interventions should the nurse include in the plan? a) Use sterile scissors to remove the dressing from the site. b) Irrigate each lumen weekly with 10 mL of 0.9% sodium chloride solution when not in use. c) Access the site using a non-coring angled needle. d) Use a semipermeable transparent dressing to cover the site. 46) A nurse is teaching a group of parents about infectious mononucleosis. Which of the following statements by parent indicates an understanding the teaching? a) "Mononucleosis is caused by an infection with the Epstein-Barr virus." b) "Mononucleosis is a bacterial infection requiring 14 days of antibiotics."c) "A Monospot is a throat culture used to diagnosis mononucleosis." d) "Children who get mononucleosis will need to refrain from sports for 6 months." 47) A nurse is caring for a newly admitted school-age child who has hypopituitarism. Which of the following medications should the nurse expect the provider to prescribe? a) Desmopressin b) Luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone c) Recombinant growth hormone d) Levothyroxine 48) A nurse is creating a plan of care for a preschooler who has Wilms’ tumor and is scheduled for surgery. Which of the following interventions should the nurse include? a) Avoid palpating the abdomen when bathing the child before surgery. b) Refrain from auscultating the child's bowel sounds during the postoperative assessment. c) Encourage the child to play with other children on the unit prior to surgery. d) Explain to the child that their pain will be managed after the surgery. 49) A nurse is providing discharge teaching to the parent of an 18-month-old toddler who has dehydration due to acute diarrhea. Which of the following statements by the parent indicates an understanding of the teaching? a) "I will offer my child small amounts of fruit juice frequently." b) "I will avoid giving my child solid foods until the diarrhea has stopped." c) "I will monitor my child's number of wet diapers." d) "I will give my child polyethylene glycol daily for 7 days." 50) A nurse is teaching the guardian of a 6-month-old infant about teething. Which of the following statements should the nurse make? a) "Your baby might pull at their ears when they are teething." b) "Rub your baby's gums with an aspirin to decrease discomfort." c) "Place a beaded teething necklace around your baby's neck." d) "Your baby's upper middle teeth will erupt first. 51) A nurse is creating a plan of care for a newly admitted adolescent who has bacterial meningitis. How long should the nurse plan to maintain the adolescent in droplet precautions? a) Until the adolescent is afebrile b) For 7 days following admission to the facility c) Until the adolescent has a negative blood culture d) For 24 hr following initiation of antimicrobial therapy 52) A nurse is providing anticipatory guidance to the parent of a toddler. Which of the following expected behavior characteristics of toddlers should the nurse include? a) Controls impulsive feelings b) Understands right from wrongc) Easily separates from parents for long periods of time d) Expresses likes and dislikes 53) A nurse is admitting a 4-month-old infant who has heart failure. Which of the following findings is the nurses priority? a) Episodes of vomiting b) Formula consumption c) Weight d) Temperature 54) A nurse in an emergency department is assessing a toddler who has Kawasaki disease. Which of the following findings should the nurse expect? (Select all that apply.) i) Increased temperature ii) Gingival hyperplasia iii) Xerophthalmia iv) Bradycardia v) Cervical lymphadenopathy 55) A nurse is caring for a 10-year-old child following a head injury. Which of the following findings should the nurse identify as an indication that the child is developing diabetes insipidus? a) Urine specific gravity 1.045 b) Sodium 155 mEq/L c) Blood glucose 45 mg/dL d) Urine output 35 mL/hr 56) A nurse is planning care to address nutritional needs for a preschooler who has cystic fibrosis. Which of the following interventions should the nurse include in the plan? a) Administer pancreatic enzymes 2 hr after meals. b) Discontinue the use of pancreatic enzymes if steatorrhea develops. c) Limit fluid intake to 750 mL per day. d) Increase fat content in the child's diet to 40% of total calories. 57) A nurse is caring for a toddler who has acute otitis media and a temperature of 40 C (104 F). After administering acetaminophen, which of the following actions should the nurse plan to take to reduce the toddler’s temperature? a) Apply a cooling blanket to the toddler. b) Dress the toddler in minimal clothing. c) Give the toddler a tepid bath. d) Administer diphenhydramine to the toddler. 58) A nurse is teaching a school-age child and their parent about postoperative care following cardiac catheterization. Which of the following instructions should the nurse include? a) "Stay home from school for 1 week following the procedure." b) "Follow a diet that is low in fiber for 1 week."c) "Wait 3 days before taking a tub bath." d) "Apply a pressure dressing to the site for 3 days." 59) A nurse is assessing an infant who has pneumonia. Which of the following findings is the priority for the nurse to report to the provider? a) Nasal flaring b) WBC count 11,300/mm3 c) Diarrhea d) Abdominal distension 60) A nurse is teaching the parents of a toddler who has cognitive impairment about toilet training. Which of the following instructions should the nurse include in the teaching? a) "Scold your child when they have a toileting accident." b) "Award your child with a sticker when they sit on the potty chair." c) "Play your child's favorite song while teaching them to use the potty chair." d) "Teach multiple steps of the skill at the same time." [Show More]

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