RBT Exam #1 Questions & Answers. You are working with an individual in a work placement at a grocery store and taking data on his target behaviors. What do you need to consider regarding data colle... ction to maintain the individual's right to confidentiality? a. Do not use the individuals name when documenting notes or data b. Keep all data sheets and documentation on you at all times and avoid leaving them ion a public area c. Remove all identifying information from the data sheets, including name, diagnosis, of the name title discloses diagnostic information d. All of the above If you are planning to count the number of times that John spits during group meeting, which item is not necessary to help you with the data collection? a. Ruler b. Data Sheet c. Pen/Pencil or clicker d. Calculator You are working at a school with one of your clients, and you are collecting data on skill acquisition targets and challenging behaviors. Who are you allowed to share the data with? a. The parents of the other students in the classroom b. The other students in the classroom c. Your program supervisor, the parent of the client, anyone the parents have given written consent to share the information with d. Any of the school staff since the school is paying for your services You work with a client and his parent's private health insurance pays for his treatment. The school district has contacted you to ask about the client's behaviors at home. What do you need to be sure you have before you speak to them? a. The ability to bill for the time to talk to the district b. The phone number to call them back c. The appropriate authorization to talk to the district (i.e. HIPAA Forms) and authorization from your program supervisor d. Nothing, you can speak to them because they also work with your client. The data you have taken to track a client's dressing skills is being reviewed at the meeting you are having with the BCBA. The BCBA states that this is not the data she is looking for and informs you of how she would like the data taken. You should ____? a. Talk to the other therapists and tell them that you were reprimanded by the BCBA and they should do it the way you are since it is more effective b. Do not change how you take the data, since you have always taken data in that way and it is how you were trained c. Follow the way the BCBA is currently showing you and if you have additional questions ask the BCBA d. Speak to the other therapists to see how they are taking the data and do as they do. - You are instructed to observe a client for 60 minutes, using partial interval recording on nail biting in 5-minute intervals. How would you take this data? a. Mark it if the nail biting occurred anytime within each 5-minute interval b. Mark it only if nail biting occurred for the entire 5-minute interval c. Mark it only if the behavior occurred at the end of each 5-minute interval d. Mark it only if the behavior did not occur at all during each 5-minute interval Here is the skill acquisition plan for teaching Hannah to pour juice from the pitcher to the cup. 1) gather all materials (juice cup, and napkin) 2) hold your hand over Hannah's hand and prompt her to put it on the pitcher 3) Therapist holds the cup 4) Help Hannah pour the juice into the cup while the therapist holds the cup 5) Prompt Hannah to wipe up anything that spills with the napkin. What do you need in order to be prepared to teach this lesson a. Flash cards b. A pitcher of juice, a cup, a napkin, and a reinforcer c. A clear spot in the kitchen d. All of the above Which of the following is an example of permanent product recording? a. Taking a spelling test by vocally spelling the words b. Taking a spelling test by giving a thumb up to indicate when a word is spelled correctly c. Taking a spelling test by typing the words on a worksheet and printing it out d. Taking a spelling test and having the student spell the words using sign language Monica, an RBT, is providing training to the parent of one of her clients. While training, the parent asks Monica if she could help him to introduce a new goal to his child. The parent wants to teach his child to start eating new types of food. This has not been discussed with the BCBA on the case yet. Monica should ____. a. Agreed to work on this during training because it is important to the parents b. Not agree to work on the goal since it has not been discussed first with the supervisor of the program, and instead mention the parents request to her supervisor c. Not agree to work on the goal but provide some referrals get an evaluation from a feeding specialist d. Agree to work on this during training because it is important for children to have a balanced diet and good nutrition Your client's rate self-injurious behavior has increased. The previous rate was 1 time per hour and the rate for your last session was 27 times per hour. You should ____? a. Contact BCBA immediately and inform her of the behavior change after the session is over b. Contact the other therapists to see if they are documenting the behavior correctly c. Wait and see if the behavior decreases over the next several days d. Tell the parents to cancel sessions for the rest of the week, he is obviously not feeling well and needs a chance to rest. Which behavior is the easiest to measure? a. Linda's frustration b. Linda shouting "NO". c. Linda's irritation with her chores d. Linda's Stomach ache Which of the following is an example of a stimulus control transfer procedure? a. Pairing the instructions, "Make a sandwich," with a video model, then fading the video model until the client can make a sandwich when given the instructions only b. Offering choices of a sandwich or salad for lunch c. Giving praise for making a sandwich within a 5-minute interval d. Having the client discriminate between making a sandwich and making popcorn when given the specific instructions Niko's spitting is maintained by escape from demands and tasks. An appropriate replacement behavior for Niko's spitting would be_____ a. Teaching Niko to spit in a cup b. Teaching Niko to say, "Can we talk?" c. Teaching Niko to sit nicely d. Teaching Niko to request for a break When preparing for a session, the RBT should______. a. Review previous notes from other staff working with the client b. Review the BCBA's notes since your last session c. Collect the stimuli needed to complete the skill acquisition plan d. All of the above Which of the following is likely a conditioned reinforcer? a. A movie b. Warmth c. A drink d. Food Skill repertoire building is when instructors modify antecedents and consequences to ____ learning of new skills. Behavior management is when instructors modify antecedents and consequences to ____ challenging behaviors. a. Stop; start b. Increase; decrease c. Decrease; increase d. Start; stop Extinction is best described as _____. a. Removing reinforcement from a learner upon the occurrence of a particular behavior b. Ignoring the learner for a set period of time following the occurrence of a particular behavior c. No longer providing reinforcement for a particular behavior when it occurs d. None of the above When inputting a data point on a behavioral graph, it is important to ____. a. Record the date of the observation b. Connect the data to the previous point on the graph in the same condition with a straight line c. Record the initials of the staff member/observer d. All of the above At first, Joshua was not interested in earning stickers for engaging in appropriate play activities. However, after stickers were paired with the delivery of oher reinforcers such as pretzels and social praise, Joshua is now motivated to earn stickers. In this example, a sticker would be considered to be a/an ________. a. Conditioned reinforcer b. Unconditioned reinforcer c. Conditioned punisher d. Unconditioned punisher A BCBA needs to conduct a formal assessment on a client, but suspects the client will have difficulty with motivation and will engage in problem behavior during the process. The BCBA could ____. a. Have the RBT conduct the assessment b. Have an RBT attend the assessment to manage these areas c. Talk with the client beforehand and tell the client not to engage in the problem behavior d. Talk with the parents of the client and let them know if their child does not behave, the assessment cannot be completed Jessica, an RBT, notices marks on the back and legs of her student. The student tells her that the marks are from the other day when her step-father got mad. What should Jessica do? a. Ask the other staff working with the child if they have noticed anything or think that the client is being abused b. Immediately set up a phone call with the mother and step-father to investigate what happened c. Call the local child protective services agency to report the information as soon as possible d. Do nothing as the client has been known to exaggerate and make up stories in the past Which is the most complete definition of behavior? a. When a person engages in a destructive action b. Anything a person says or does c. Any socially inappropriate action a person engages in d. Any socially appropriate action a person engages in As an RBT you can assist the BCBA in training other people that are important to the client's program. Which of the following is NOT an appropriate way to assist the BCBA in training others? a. Collecting data on caregiver performance b. Demonstrating skills for other people to learn from c. Creating new lessons to meeting the training goals d. Allowing the other professional to observe your sessions After school, the parents of one of your students asks how her child behaved at school that day. You are the child's 1:1 aide in the classroom. Today the child demonstrated high rates of hitting and tantrum behaviors. What are you allowed to tell the parent? a. Nothing. You are not the teacher and should not discuss anything with the parent b. Only positive information about the day, so to not upset c. A mixture of positive feedback, as well, as an accurate summary of the challenge the child encountered that day, since it is important to be honest yet positive and tactful when giving information to parents and caregivers d. Tell parent about the hitting and tantrum behavior and that you think the child's behavior intervention plan is not working. Intermittent reinforcement should occur a. When moving from primary to secondary reinforcement b. When teaching new behaviors or behaviors that are on acquisition c. When maintaining behaviors that are already learned d. When a learner does not respond well to continuous reinforcement Robert is implementing a 5-minute DRO (differential reinforcement of other behaviors) produced with his client to reduce his pinching behavior. In order to implement DRO Correctly, after every 5-minuets that his client does not engage in pinching, Robert should___? a. Give his client a reinforcer b. Rest the time interval for the next 5-minuets c. Record that no pinching occurred during the interval onto the data sheet d. All of the above Which of the following situation(s) would be reportable as instances of suspected abuse or neglect? a. Causing an intentional physical injury b. Making terrorizing or threatening statements c. Withholding nourishment and water as a form of punishment d. All of the above Data collection is a critical component of behavior analysis because ___? a. It allows for data based decisions b. It allows for monitoring progress and identifying skill deficits c. It helps determine skill mastery d. All of the above If an instructor is teaching naturalistically, he should___. a. Speak in a natural voice b. Only work at a teaching table c. Always use teaching cards d. Speak in a louder more authoritative voice It is always important to start with function-based behavior intervention plans. Which most accurate describes some of the most commonly found functions of behavior in research? a. Maladaptive behavior, antecedent behavior, and consequences b. Anger, frustration, emotional self-control and protesting c. Social positive reinforcement (attention and access to tangible), social negative reinforcement (escape), and automatic reinforcement. d. All of the above Claire's therapy team taught her to wash her hands. Three months later, Claire can still wash her hands independently with no prompts, and she does so on her own at appropriate times. Claire's hand washing behavior has been successfully___. a. Maintained b. Generalized c. Prompted d. Differentially reinforced When preparing to take data on a target behavior, it is important to first identify___. a. The definition of the behavior b. The type of data collection procedure c. What items are needed to take data (i.e. pencil, clicker, stopwatch) d. All of the above When updating a caregiver, parent or grandparent regarding how the client performed during a session, it is important to _____? a. Balance out difficult feedback with positive feedback b. Discuss in length the challenging behaviors of the client during the session so that the parent can adequately discipline the child afterwards c. Only share positive information; they are dealing with difficult things outside of session and do not need to be further burden d. Not share with the caregiver how the session was, as you are not the supervisor of the program Jordan is learning to read color words, such as brown, red and purple. His teacher wants to use a stimulus fading procedure to help him learn the targets. Which of the following is an example of a stimulus fading procedure? a. Writing the word "red" in black ink with a thick red border, which is gradually faded to thinner border and eventually removed b. Placing a red square underneath the word "red", and gradually lightening the shade of the red square until it is completely c. Having pictures of red items drawn next to the word, "red" on an index card and gradually removed from the card one at a time d. All of the above The repeated presentation of the same discriminative stimulus is called ___. a. Error correction procedure b. Discrimination training c. Mass trial/in isolation d. Random rotation All of these are methods for establishing chains of behavior except a. Backward chaining b. Total task presentation c. Semi-task presentation d. Forward chaining When working on a new morning routine, Giana engages in high levels of tantrum behavior. As a consequence, each time Giana engages in tantrum behavior you immediately place her in time-out for a brief period and then return back to the morning routine. This goes on for some time. What is a possible reason why time-out may not be reducing the tantrum behavior? a. Giana does not find the time-out location to be reinforcing b. The therapist is different throughout the week, but they each follow the behavior plan c. Giana is getting to escape the routine and is not engaged in a reinforcing activity prior to the time-out procedure d. All of the above The program supervisor asks the RBT to sign a timesheet. The RBT notices that the timesheet is wrong because she has never worked with that particular learner. She tells the program supervisor that there must have been a mistake. The program supervisor tells the RBT, "That's okay, you should just sign it anyway, that is the only way we will get paid." The most ethical choice for the RBT is to ______. a. Follow the instructions of her supervisor and sign the timesheet because her supervisor told her to b. Sign the timesheet but do not use her full name c. Not sign the timesheet d. Not sign the timesheet and report her program supervisor because this is fraudulent Tito engages in slapping behavior when presented with instructions during learning activities. The behavior has been determined to be maintained by escape from demands. The behavior intervention plan indicates that the therapists will teach Tito to sign the word "break" so that he can get what he needs without slapping. Extinction is to be used as an intervention when slapping occurs. You present the instruction for a learning activity and Tito slaps you. Which best explains how you would implement the intervention? a. Block the slapping behavior with your hand, provide the instruction "hands down," and continue the learning activity. b. Provide Tito with a break since one is clearly needed c. Reinforce Tito for not engaging in slapping for designated periods of time. When slapping does occur, ignore the behavior d. Continue presenting the instruction and do not respond to the slapping behavior When looking at the interaction between a behavior and the environment, which of the following would be considered part of the "environment?" a. The physical location b. The presence of loud music playing c. The presence of a large group of students in the hallway d. All of the above A stimulus control transfer procedure refers to ______. a. A procedure where reinforcement is gradually thinned and faded away b. A procedure where target responses are taught in their natural environment with naturally occurring reinforcement c. A procedure where one stimulus which controls a certain behavior is paired with another stimulus until the new stimulus gains control over the behavior d. A procedure where learned responses are generalized across different people and places Prior to beginning your session, you read the general session notes from the previous RBT. The note says: "Alex had a fantastic session, great job big guy! He engaged in self-injurious behavior at a rate of 3/hr. He manded for his videos using full sentence responses, including the person's name on his ACD. He mastered expressively identifying purple, imitating pointing and completing the puzzle of the truck." Which part of the note should not be included? a. He engaged in self-injurious behavior at a rate of 3/hr. b. He manded for his videos using full sentence responses, including the person's name on his ACD. c. Alex had a fantastic session, great job big guy! d. He mastered expressively identifying purple, imitating pointing and completing the puzzle of the truck. Pablo is allowed by his teacher to escape a work sheet task due to his tantrum behavior. Pablo's escape from the task is considered what type of consequence? a. Socially mediated positive reinforcement b. Socially mediated negative reinforcement c. Automatic positive reinforcement d. Automatic negative reinforcement Select the answer which best describes ways to help protect the learner's confidentiality. a. Keep notes discretely when in public, do not discuss your clients with family or friends, and do not leave information regarding the agency you work for or the learner's diagnosis in a voicemail message b. Wear your work badge in community settings, use paperwork that lists the learner's identity on it, discuss individual learners with all parents so they can compare and understand if their child is doing well c. Discuss your learner's difficulties with other providers to problem solve their issues, hang pictures of your learners in your office and post on social media the great things your learner does d. Put your learner's name in the subject area of an email so that the recipients know it is important, wear a shirt that says "I love people with (client's diagnosis) when on a community outing with a learner and leave paperwork with client's names on it in your car rather than bringing it into your house. You have been asked to assist in a functional assessment procedure regarding Miguel's hitting behavior. The functional assessment will help to identify ____. a. What happens right before Miguel hits b. What happens right after Miguel hits c. During which activities and times of day does Miguel hit the most often d. All of the above Typically, _____ reinforcement is used to strengthen a new behavior that is being acquired by a client, and ______ reinforcement is used to maintain a skill once it has been learned. a. Effective / ineffective b. Positive / negative c. Continuous / intermittent d. Natural / unnatural Before you start your session, you ask your client if he wants to work for the opportunity to play a game or if he wants to work for video game time. Asking him what he wants to earn is called ______. a. A preference assessment b. Reinforcement c. Discrimination training d. Assessment indication When teaching a lesson that includes a behavior chain, a ____ data sheet may be used to record complete and accurate data. a. A-B-C data sheet b. Discrete trial c. Scatter plot d. Task analysis A client has mastered following the instruction, "Hang up your coat," when asked to do this by the RBT. In order to teach the client to respond to this instruction with the parent, the RBT and the parent pair themselves together while the RBT gives the instruction, and eventually the parent takes over giving the instruction with the RBT present. This is an example of _____. a. Unconditioned reinforcement b. Punishment c. Token economy d. Stimulus control transfer procedure If you are working with a client that is very physically active, moves quickly, and is aggressive towards himself and others, you should prepare for the session by wearing ____. a. Your name bade and lanyard b. Baggy clothing c. Sneakers/ tennis shoes d. Jewelry Paul engages in eloping (running away) to escape when difficult or non-preferred tasks are given to him. His team has implemented antecedent changes by giving him frequent breaks throughout the day and mixing in easy task with difficult tasks. They have also adjusted the consequences by bringing him back to the area and not allowing him to escape the task by ending it. What else is needed in order for these interventions to be considered a COMPLETE behavior intervention plan? a. Discrimination training b. Chaining c. A replacement behavior to give Paul a more appropriate way to access breaks or escape d. None of the above After your session, the caregivers of your client asks to talk to you. They ask you how much longer your client will need behavioral therapy. You should ____. a. Tell them you will go home and research the answer to their question b. Tell them you will have the BCBA contact you to discuss that question c. Tell them that with your experience, you think two more years of intense therapy and the client will be done d. Tell them that you think the client is done now and they should discontinue services – "Visual representations that displays a comparison of one or more sets of data over a period of time," best define _____. a. Discrimination b. Graphs c. Visual prompting strategies d. Discriminative stimulus Sergio is an RBT working with several clients in a clinic setting. The families of two of his clients, Henry and Sam, know each other and often spend time together socially. One day Sergio is working in a social skills group at the clinic with both of the clients. Afterward, Henry's mother approaches Sergio and asks how the session went, for both Henry and Sam. What is Sergio allowed to discuss with Henry's mother? a. Sergio can discuss both Henry and Sam since the families are connected socially b. Sergio can only discuss matters concerning Henry, since it would be a violation of confidentiality to discuss Sam with another parent c. Sergio should not discuss anything related to either Henry or Sam since he is not the teacher or supervisor d. None of the above A behavior chain is best defined as _____. a. The systematic reinforcement of successive approximations of a target behavior while no longer providing reinforcement for previous approximations b. The repeated presentation of one stimulus over consecutive trials c. Teaching discrimination between two or more stimuli d. A sequence of discriminative stimuli and responses where each response in the sequence produces the discriminative stimulus for the next response When writing general session notes, an RBT should _____. a. Report objective information b. Avoid subjective opinions c. Use professional language d. All of the above The procedure that teaches an individual to distinguish between two or more discriminative stimuli is called ______. a. Error correction procedure b. Discrimination training c. Mass trial d. Prompt hierarchy Justin engages in yelling during break time at his adult work placement. The yelling behavior is maintained by attention from his instructor and peers. After realizing the issue, the instructor starts to give Justin attention every 5 minutes throughout his day in the form of praise, pats on the back, and thumbs up, regardless of Justin's behavior. Justin's rate of yelling begins to decrease. This is an example of what antecedent intervention? a. Non-contingent reinforcement (NCR) b. Demand fading c. Functional communication training d. Behavior momentum Continuous reinforcement should be used for ____. a. Items that have been mastered and are being generalized to the natural environment b. Items that are mastered and are being maintained c. Teaching new behaviors that are on acquisition d. Items on acquisition and that are mastered Dual relationships between an RBT and a client include which of the following situations? a. Babysitting or provided respite care for a client that you work with b. Attending a social gathering at the invitation of a client or his mother c. Providing treatment services to the son or daughter of a friend d. All of the above If you were teaching a child to receptively identify colors and you were maximizing discrimination between the colors, in which order would you NOT teach the colors? a. Red, blue, yellow, white b. Blue, black, brown, purple c. Purple, red, white, brown d. Blue, red, white, green Which of the following is a true statement regarding an RBT having a dual relationship with a client? a. Dual relationships with clients are acceptable and result in good working relationships between professionals and clients b. Dual relationships should be avoided at all times as they can impair the clinical judgement of the professionals to do what is right for the client c. Dual relationships are impossible to avoid and typically do not have a detrimental effect on the client's treatment d. Only romantic or sexual relationships are considered dual relationships A motivating operation (MO) is _____. a. The outcome that immediately follows the learner's response b. An antecedent condition that momentarily affects the value of an item and affects the likelihood that behaviors which have produced that item in the past will occur c. The procedure of providing consequences for a behavior that increases or maintains the strength of that behavior d. The time between the end of one trial and the start of the next The skill acquisition plan for the lesson teaching toileting says that each of the staff should be sure to have a digital timer ready in the bathroom. The skill acquisition plan also mentions that Bob prefers wet wipes over actual toilet paper when having a bowel movement. What should you be prepared for when the toilet training lesson arises in your session with Bob? a. Bob will likely not want to go to your bathroom b. Make sure that no other family member is in the bathroom c. Be prepared with wet wipes d. Make sure you have a digital timer as well as wet wipes so you are prepared for this program A parent discloses to Stephanie, and RBT, that she wants to start giving her child sensory breaks when he tantrums, as recommended by another professional. She wants to do this in place of the current intervention that has been recommended by the BCBA supervisor. How should Stephanie respond? a. Discuss the research with the parent and tell her that sensory approaches do not work b. Tell the parent that she should discuss this with the BCBA supervisor, and communicate this with her supervisor after her session c. Agree to the parent's request and start implementing sensory breaks instead of the existing intervention, since it is what the parents want d. Contact the other professional and discuss the new approach directly with him A therapist is using duration recording to track how long Julio can stay in his seat during a 10 minute group lesson. Julio stayed in his seat for 7 minutes of the 10-minute activity. What does the therapist enter in the session notes to record the accurate duration? a. 0.7 b. 7 minutes c. 3 minutes d. 0.3 Duties that an RBT can perform during a formal assessment include ____. a. Engaging with the client during breaks b. Assisting with reinforcement and preference assessments c. Redirecting challenging behaviors with the consent of the assessor d. All of the above You are working with Rico and you are using a video game as a reinforcer. He stops responding and begins to push away the controller for the game. What should you do? a. Take away a token b. Conduct a preference assessment c. Ignore his behavior and continue demands d. Prompt him through the task When using whole interval data recording, it is important to know _____. a. The definition of the target behavior b. The duration of the intervals c. How many intervals you will need to track and record the data d. All of the above The essential components of a written behavior reduction plan include: a. An operational definition of the behavior b. Identified function of the behavior c. Antecedent modifications, replacement behaviors, and consequence manipulations d. All of the above When working with a client, it is important to maintain the client's dignity. Which is an example of maintaining a client's dignity? a. Allowing the client to choose which leisure time activity he would like to do b. Choose all of your client's activities for the day, to make it easier on him c. Leave the bathroom door open when conducting toilet training so that you have more room d. Talk about your client's problem behaviors in front of him to other staff The instructor is following the learner's lead in the treatment session, including choosing learning activities based on what the learner is interested in and using items that are naturally reinforcing to the learner. This might best be categorized as _____. a. Natural environment training b. Discrete trial teaching c. Child development training d. Natural discrete training Judah spent 3 minutes chewing, 1.5 minutes commenting, and 1 minute staring out the window during the snack break. What was the duration of time he spent commenting? a. 3 minutes b. 4.5 minutes c. 1.5 minutes d. 5.5 minutes You suspect your learner is being abused. It is Friday night and no one from your office will be working with the learner over the weekend. You have tried to call your supervisor and she is not answering her phone. You should ______. a. Try to explain your concern to the learner's family b. Leave a message for your supervisor and discuss it with him when he calls you back c. Call your local child protective services hotline and report your concern d. Take the learner home with you to protect him Suset, a teenage client, has started her monthly female cycle. The staff have to assist with all personal care issues in this group home. In order to preserve her dignity the RBT should ____. a. Write, "buy feminine products for Suset" on the kitchen wipe board to remind the other staff to get supplies for Suset b. In the group meeting with the other teens make sure to ask Suset, "Hey, do you need any feminine products?" c. Approach Suset when she is by herself and ask her if she needs any supplies this week for hygiene d. Don't talk to Suset about this because it is private [Show More]
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