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ATLS Practice Test 3 (100% Satisfied)

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ATLS Practice Test 3 1. Signs and symptoms of airway compromise include all of the following except: a. change in voice. b. stridor. c. decreased pulse pressure. d. dyspnea and agitation. e. tac... hypnea. 2. A 29­year­old female arrives in the emergency department after being involved in a motor vehicle crash. She is 30 weeks pregnant. She was restrained with a lap and shoulder belt, and an airbag deployed. Which one of the following statements best describes the risk of injury? a. The deployment of the airbag increases the risk of fetal loss. b. The use of seatbelts is associated with increased risk of maternal death, c. The mechanism of injury suggests the need for emergency caesarean section due to the risk of impending abruptio placentae. d. The risk of premature fetal delivery and death is reduced by the use of restraints. e. The deployment of the airbag increases the risk of maternal abdominal injury. 3. Cardiac tamponade: a. is definitively managed by needle pericardiocentesis b. is most common with blunt thoracic trauma and anterior rib fractures c. is easily diagnosed by discovery of Beck's triad in the emergency department d. is indicated by Kussmaul breathing e. requires surgical intervention 4. A 14­year­old female is brought to the emergency department after falling from a horse. She is immobilized on a long spine board with a hard collar and blocks. Cervical spine x­rays: a. will show cervical spine injury in more than 20% of these patients. b. will exclude cervical spine injury if no abnormalities are found on the x­rays. c. are not needed if she is awake, alert, neurologically normal, and has no neck pain or midline tenderness. d. should be performed before addressing potential breathing or circulatory problems. e. may show atlanto­occipital dislocation if the Power's ratio is < 1. 1 atls.yolasite.com 5. The most specific test to evaluate for injuries of solid abdominal organs is: a. abdominal x­rays b. abdominal ultrasonography c. diagnostic peritoneal lavage d. frequent abdominal examinations e. CT of abdomen and pelvis 6. A 40­year­old obese patient with a Glasgow Coma Scale score of 8 requires a CT Scan. Before transfer to the scanner, you should: a. give more sedative drugs. b. insert a multi­lumen esophageal airway. c. insert a definitive airway. d. request a lateral cervical spine film. e. insert a nasogastric tube. 7. A 23­year­old construction work [Show More]

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