Sterile Processing Study Material for Certification Exam Already Graded A What is the Area Temp & Humidity for Decontamination? ✔✔60 deg to 65 deg F, 30% to 60% Humidity What is the air exchan... ge rate & pressure type for Decontamination? ✔✔10 air exchanges per hour under Negative Pressure What is the Area Temp & Humidity for the Sterile Storage Area? ✔✔68 deg to 75 deg F, 35% to 70% Humidity What is the Area Temp & Humidity for the Prep & Packaging Area? ✔✔68 deg to 73 deg F, Ideal Humidity 50% - not lower than 35% The main role of sterile processing is to: ✔✔Provide dependable reliable services to enhance the quality of patient care. Ethics is the practice of: ✔✔Doing the right thing. Which of the following establishes sterilization practice standards based on opinion, research, and/or theory: ✔✔AAMI EPA, FDA, OSHA and state departments of health (DOH) primarily issue: ✔✔Regulations. Standards for CS/SPD practice are written by: ✔✔AAMI The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act provides for which ethical issue? ✔✔ConfidentialityIf healthcare facilities reprocess single-use devices, the devices must be cleared by: ✔✔FDA OSHA has a great effect on CS/SPD by its regulation of occupational exposure to airborne contaminants, exposure from bloodborne pathogens, and which of the following: ✔✔Communication of workplace hazards The Medical Device Reporting regulation requires: ✔✔Healthcare facilities to report deaths or serious injuries from medical devices. Collection of data and identification of issues are part of what kind of program? ✔✔Quality Assurance To ensure that all employees are learning the same information, training should be: ✔✔Standardized Which branch of science refers to the form and organization of body parts? ✔✔Anatomy Which branch of science refers to the function of specific body parts? ✔✔Physiology The smallest and most numerous structural units possessing the basic characteristics of life are called: ✔✔Cells Which of the following is NOT an environmental factor required for the life of a cell? ✔✔Cold DNA is found in which part of the cell? ✔✔Nucleus Complex structures with specialized functions within the body are known as: ✔✔OrgansRed blood cells develop in which part of the body? ✔✔Bone Marrow The smallest bones of the body are found in the: ✔✔Middle Ear Which of the following supports the tongue and the functions in swallowing? ✔✔Hyoid Bone The skull, hyoid, vertebral column, and thoracic cage are part of the: ✔✔Axial Skeleton Muscles make up what part of the body's bulk? ✔✔1/2 Which of the following bones can be found in the axial skeleton? ✔✔Sternum Which of the following is part of the appendicular skeleton? ✔✔Humerus The femur, tibia, and fibula are bones of the: ✔✔Lower limbs The humerus, radius, and ulna are bones of the: ✔✔Upper limbs Smooth muscle cells lack: ✔✔Striations What connects muscle to bone? ✔✔Tendons Specialized cells responsible for contractions in the body are called: ✔✔Muscles Which of the following is the largest organ OF the body? ✔✔Skin Nerves and blood supply are located in which layer of the skin? ✔✔Dermis Which of the following are responsible for providing immunity? ✔✔White Blood CellsThe breathing process removes which of the following gases from body cells? ✔✔Carbon Dioxide pH is regulated through which system in the body? ✔✔Respiratory Which of the following transports food to the stomach? ✔✔Esophagus The longest part of the GI tract is the: ✔✔Small Intestine Which organ produces bile? ✔✔Liver The entire delicate central nervous system is protected by: ✔✔Bony Encasement The portion of the brain responsible for consciousness is the: ✔✔Cerebrum Which of the following is a function of the voluntary nervous system? ✔✔Skeletal Muscle Contractions Which of the following is a function of the autonomic nervous system? ✔✔Heart Rate Where is the tympanic membrane located? ✔✔The Ear The bladder, ureters, and kidneys are part of the: ✔✔Urinary System The seminal vesicles and bulbourethral glands are part of the: ✔✔Male Reproductive System It is important for the CS/SPD technician to learn anatomy and physiology in order to: ✔✔Recognize where instruments are usedThe term pathogenic means: ✔✔Disease-Producing What color do Gram-Positive microorganisms stain? ✔✔Blue or Purple What color do Gram-Negative microorganisms stain? ✔✔Red or Pink Microorganisms are measured in: ✔✔Microns The shape of Streptococcus is: ✔✔Spherical The shape of a Spirochete is: ✔✔Spiral Bacteria are unicellular and reproduce by: ✔✔Binary Fission What is the shape of Cocci? ✔✔Round Which type of microorganism has the ability to slow down its metabolism and become dormant? ✔✔Gram-Positive Bacillus Rod-Shaped bacteria are called: ✔✔Bacilli Which of the following is NOT a requirement for a bacteria to survive? ✔✔Bright Light Which of the following is used to test the effectiveness of sterilization cycles? ✔✔Spores A dehydrated cell with a thick, shell-like wall is know as a: ✔✔Spore A microorganism that has a slime-like outer covering is called a: ✔✔CapsuleIn order to survive, aerobic bacteria require: ✔✔Oxygen CJD is caused by: ✔✔Prions Protozoa are: ✔✔Single-Celled Microorganisms Which of the following requires a living host to multiply? ✔✔Viruses Which of the following pathogens is the cause of tuberculosis? ✔✔Mycobacteria Which of the following is true of fungi? ✔✔They include single celled yeasts Which of the following diseases is NOT caused by a virus? ✔✔CJD Prions are of concern in health care because they: ✔✔Are difficult to kill by usual sterilization methods Which of the following BEST describes a prion? ✔✔An Abnormal Protein Staphylococcus Aureus is a: ✔✔Gram-Positive Coccus VRE can survive on the hands for: ✔✔Hours A healthcare-acquired infection is generally termed a: ✔✔Nosocomial Infection Healthcare-acquired infections account for more than: ✔✔90,000 deaths annually The principal living reservoir of human disease comes from: ✔✔The Human BodyWater that has been contaminated by the feces of humans and other animals is most notably responsible for: ✔✔Gastrointestinal Disease The principal route of nosocomial infections is: ✔✔Direct Contact The general term for any inanimate object involved in the spread of infection is: ✔✔Fomite Which of the following is NOT a disease spread by droplets? ✔✔Measles The pathogens that cause tuberculosis, whooping cough, pneumonia, measles, mumps, and smallpox are discharged through the: ✔✔Respiratory Tract Living things responsible for causing disease are called: ✔✔Vectors One of the most common portals of exit in disease transmission is: ✔✔The Respiratory Tract An infection caused by a needle stick enters through which portal of entry? ✔✔Parenteral Tissue The single most effective way to prevent infection is to: ✔✔Wash Hands The MINIMUM time needed for effective hand washing is: ✔✔15 seconds Unless the water turns off automatically, the water should be: ✔✔Turned off using a disposable towel Bloodborne pathogen exposure is regulated by: ✔✔OSHA Which concentration is most effective in alcohol hand sanitizers? ✔✔60% to 95%Waterless hand antiseptics are NOT appropriate when: ✔✔Hands are visually soiled Under standard precautions, all blood and other potentially infectious materials are: ✔✔Handled as if they were infectious A confidential medical evaluation must be performed any time: ✔✔An employee is exposed to blood or body fluid According to AAMI, "The removal of contamination from an item to the extent necessary for further processing or for the intended use" defines": ✔✔Cleaning According to OSHA, the use of physical or chemical means to inactivate bloodborne pathogens from a surface is known as: ✔✔Decontamination What is the first step in the decontamination process? ✔✔Manual and/or automated, mechanical cleaning Microorganisms on contaminated items are referred to as: ✔✔Bioburden Which of the following terms refers to disease-producing microorganisms? ✔✔Pathogens The number of air exchanges in the decontamination area should be: ✔✔10 The ventilation system in the decontamination area must be maintained at: ✔✔Negative Pressure OSHA recommends that contaminated scrub attire be: ✔✔Laundered by the facilityWhen a new medical device is purchased and received into SPD, what information must the technician have before processing it? ✔✔Request written instructions for processing from the manufacturer A solution is considered neutral when the pH is: ✔✔7 A solution having a pH of 9 is: ✔✔Alkaline Enzyme-based detergents contain organic substances that assist in the breakdown of: ✔✔Protein soils and blood What is the temperature range for enzymatic cleaners? ✔✔109 to 140 degrees F A proteolytic enzyme detergent breaks down: ✔✔Blood Which of the following should never be used to remove gross soil on instruments? ✔✔Saline Before any item with multiple parts is cleaned, it must be: ✔✔Disassembled Metal-bristled brushes may be used to clean: ✔✔Tungsten carbide jaws of needle holders The final rinse in the cleaning process should be performed using: ✔✔Treated Water The mechanical action in the automated cleaning process that uses sound waves and imploding bubbles is called: ✔✔Cavitation Prior to processing instruments in an ultrasonic cleaner: ✔✔The gross soil should be removed Powered equipment should be: ✔✔Cleaned as specified by the manufacturerGenerally, fiberoptic light cables should be cleaned: ✔✔Using a soft cloth and detergent Before it is manually cleaned, what must be done to a flexible endoscope? ✔✔It must be tested for leaks All instruments and devices received from another facility should be: ✔✔Completely reprocessed What material can be used as a simple test to check the functioning of the ultrasonic cleaner? ✔✔Aluminum Foil [Show More]
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