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ATI PN Pharmacology Proctored Exam Review (Recent Update A+)

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Patient identifiers - ANS--Medical record number -home telephone number What lab values should a nurse monitor for a patient with chronic renal failure? - ANS-■ Urinalysis ☐ Hematuria, prote... inuria, and alterations in specific gravity ☐ Serum creatinine - Gradual increase of 1 to 2 mg/dL per every 24 to 48 hr for acute renal failure (ARF) - Gradual increase over months to years for chronic renal failure (CRF) exceeding 4 mg/dL ■ Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) - 80 to 100 mg/dL within 1 week with ARF - Gradual increase with elevated serum creatinine over months to years for CRF - 180-200 mg/dL with (CRF) ■ Serum electrolytes - Decreased sodium (dilutional) and calcium, increased potassium, phosphorus, and magnesium ■ Complete blood count (CBC) - Decreased hemoglobin What food should you increase when taking Lasix? - ANS--increased amounts of potassium-rich foods (e.g., bananas, prunes, raisins, and orange juice) Patient reports IV discomfort, what is your first action? - ANS-color and temperature Sumatriptan (treats migraine headaches) adverse effect - ANS-pain, tightness, pressure, or heaviness in the chest, throat, neck, and/or jaw slow or difficult speech Know about Transdermal patch - ANS--• Apply at the same time once each day, preferably in the morning. Keep patch on for 12 to 14 hr each day. • Remove the patch at night to reduce the risk of developing tolerance to nitroglycerin. Be medication-free a minimum of 10 to 12 hr each day (usually at night). • Do not cut patches to ensure appropriate continues... [Show More]

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