History > QUESTIONS & ANSWERS > HISTORY 100 US - AP U.S. History Period 8 Multiple Choice Questions & Answers. (Chapters 27 - 30). (All)

HISTORY 100 US - AP U.S. History Period 8 Multiple Choice Questions & Answers. (Chapters 27 - 30).

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HISTORY 100 US - AP U.S. History Period 8 Multiple Choice Questions & Answers. (Chapters 27 - 30). AP U.S. History Period 8 Multiple Choice Questions Questions 1.1-1.5 refer to the excerpt “The t... ruth of the matter is that Europe's requirements for the next 3 or 4 years of foreign food and other essential products -- principally from America -- are so much greater than her present ability to pay that she must have substantial additional help, or face economic, social, and political deterioration of a very grave character. The remedy lies in breaking the vicious circle and restoring the confidence of the European people in the economic future of their own countries and of Europe as a whole. … Aside from the demoralizing effect on the world at large and the possibilities of disturbances arising as a result of the desperation of the people concerned, the consequences to the economy of the United States should be apparent to all. It is logical that the United States should do whatever it is able to do to assist in the return of normal economic health in the world, without which there can be no political stability and no assured peace. Our policy is directed not against any country or doctrine but against hunger, poverty, desperation, and chaos. Its purpose should be the revival of working economy in the world so as to permit the emergence of political and social conditions in which free institutions can exist.” -- George C. Marshall, remarks made at Harvard University on June 5, 1947 1.1 Which broad U.S. policy goal of the mid-twentieth century was supported by the implementation of the policy proposed in this speech? A Widespread reduction of poverty through active government intervention abroad B Reduction in the role of the federal government in relation to state authority C Increased equality of opportunity through expansion of civil and human rights abroad D Political and economic resistance to the spread of Soviet communist influence abroad [CHAPTER 27] Answer: D Feedback: European economic difficulties brought about by the destruction of World War II left many countries potentially able to come under the influence of domestic communist parties. The Marshall Plan sought in part to rebuild capitalist structures to avoid an expansion of communist ideals abroad. Learning Objective: WOR-7 Historical Thinking Skill: Contextualization Historical Thinking Skill: Appropriate Use of Relevant Historical Evidence Key Concept: 8.1.I Stimuli: yes 1.2 1AP U.S. History Period 8 Multiple Choice Questions Which statement best characterizes the larger effect of the policy stated in this speech on reshaping the role of the United States in global affairs? A U.S. influence in the world became focused exclusively on Europe. B The nation became the political and economic leader of the Western world. C Dedication of resources to national rebuilding left the United States unable to compete globally. D The United States joined with democratic and communist countries to forcibly support anti-war policies. [CHAPTER 27] Answer: B Feedback: The successes of the Marshall Plan helped boost the United States to a position of unquestioned military and economic supremacy in the Western world. At the same time, the Soviet Union rose as a competing superpower in Asia and Eastern Europe, beginning the Cold War. Learning Objective: WOR-7 Historical Thinking Skill: Historical Causation Historical Thinking Skill: Periodization Key Concept: 8.1.I Stimuli: yes 1.3 In which of the following ways can the adoption of the policy suggested in this speech best be seen as a turning point in the history of U.S. foreign policy? A Domestic opposition to the costs of the plan led to an extended period of practical isolation from foreign affairs. B The U.S. military was increasingly perceived as weak and ineffectual, because of its focus on economic aid rather than military defense. C It signaled a major U.S. commitment to a foreign policy of collective security, in which economic security was recognized as a major component. D Providing military and economic aid placed the U.S. in the role of global partner, rather than as a superpower. [CHAPTER 27] Answer: C Feedback: Prior to World War II, Americans had tended to support a policy of isolationism from international affairs. The Marshall Plan, however, inaugurated a period of belief that U.S. assistance in other nations could benefit Americans and further their ideals, as well as provide a security against Soviet-dominated communism. Learning Objective: WOR-7 Historical Thinking Skill: Periodization Historical Thinking Skill: Historical Argumentation Key Concept: 8.1.I Stimuli: yes 1.4 [Show More]

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