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ATI MED SURG TEST LATEST 2023 VERIFIED QUESTIONS AND CORRECT ANSWERS WITH EXPLANATIONS- MANAGEMENT OF PATIENTS WITH MUSCULOSKELETAL

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ATI MED SURG TEST LATEST 2023 VERIFIED QUESTIONS AND CORRECT ANSWERS WITH EXPLANATIONS- MANAGEMENT OF PATIENTS WITH MUSCULOSKELETAL 1. A nurse is caring for an adult patient diagnosed with a bac... k strain. What health education should the nurse provide to this patient? A) Avoid lifting more than one-third of body weight without assistance. B) Focus on using back muscles efficiently when lifting heavy objects. C) Lift objects while holding the object a safe distance from the body. D) Tighten the abdominal muscles and lock the knees when lifting of an object. Ans: A Feedback: The nurse will instruct the patient on the safe and correct way to lift objects using the strong quadriceps muscles of the thighs, with minimal use of the weak back muscles. To prevent recurrence of acute low back pain, the nurse may instruct the patient to avoid lifting more than one-third of his weight without help. The patient should be informed to place the feet a hip-width apart to provide a wide base of support, the person should bend the knees, tighten the abdominal muscles, and lift the object close to the body with a smooth motion, avoiding twisting and jerking. 2. A nurse is discussing conservative management of tendonitis with a patient. Which of the following may be an effective approach to managing tendonitis? A) Weight reduction B) Use of oral opioid analgesics C) Intermittent application of ice and heat D) Passive range of motion exercises Ans: C Feedback: Conservative management of tendonitis includes rest of the extremity, intermittent ice and heat to the joint, and NSAIDs. Weight reduction may prevent future injuries but will not relieve existing tendonitis. Range-of-motion exercises may exacerbate pain. Opioids would not be considered a conservative treatment measure. 3. A patient presents at a clinic complaining of pain in his heel so bad that it inhibits his ability to walk. The patient is subsequently diagnosed with plantar fasciitis. This patients plan of care should include what intervention? A) Wrapping the affected area in lambs wool or gauze to relieve pressure B) Gently stretching the foot and the Achilles tendon C) Wearing open-toed shoes at all times D) Applying topical analgesic ointment to plantar surface each morning Ans: B Feedback: Plantar fasciitis leads to pain that is localized to the anterior medial aspect of the heel and diminishes with gentle stretching of the foot and Achilles tendon. Dressings of any kind are not of therapeutic benefit and analgesic ointments do not address the pathology of the problem. Open-toed shoes are of no particular benefit. 4. A nurse is providing an educational class to a group of older adults at a community senior center. In an effort to prevent osteoporosis, the nurse should encourage participants to ensure that they consume the recommended adequate intake of what nutrients? Select all that apply. A) Vitamin B12 [Show More]

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