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PECT PreK-4 Practice Test Module 2 - Complete Solutions (Verified)

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PECT PreK-4 Practice Test Module 2 - Complete Solutions (Verified) A teacher is planning instruction to promote four-year-olds' development of skills related to Pennsylvania's PreK-4 learning standa... rd about reading, analyzing, and interpreting text. With children at this developmental level, which of the following approaches to a read-aloud activity would be most appropriate for the teacher to use to develop the children's conceptual understanding of fact and opinion? A. having the children identify characters who demonstrate examples of faulty reasoning in a fable B. asking the children to decide which statements related to an article in a children's nature magazine are true or false C. helping the children tell one thing they learned from a nonfiction text D. showing the children how to differentiate between essential and nonessential information in a nonfiction children's picture book A fourth-grade teacher would like to promote reluctant readers' independent reading. Which of the following teacher strategies is likely to be most effective in achieving this goal? A. engaging students in discussions about their interests and working with the library media specialist to locate appropriate-level books on these topics B. reading aloud a variety of books from the classroom library on a regular basis and engaging students in discussions related to the read-alouds C. creating attractive displays of both fiction and nonfiction books and magazines in the classroom library and regularly inviting students to browse the displays D. providing opportunities for students to visit the school's library media center and to learn about the center's resources and organization A third-grade teacher regularly models for students how to paraphrase a portion of a text and how to pose and respond to questions that clarify or follow up on information presented in a text. These practices promote students' literacy development primarily by: A. supporting their development of dispositions and attitudes that help create a purposeful, literate environment in the classroom. B. enhancing their knowledge of the organizational structure of different types of text. C. promoting their development of self-monitoring skills that support reading and learning across the curriculum. D. fostering their ability to make connections between the reading curriculum and their lives. A first-grade teacher explains that he is going to read a story aloud and he wants students to consider how the story makes them feel. Afterward, he prompts the students to recall and discuss specific words and phrases the author used to evoke particular feelings. This oral language activity supports students' literacy development primarily by helping the students: A. retell a story's key events accurately. B. make and verify predictions about a story. C. connect key events in a story to their own lives. D. develop an awareness of a story's tone. A kindergarten teacher has placed many signs around the classroom, including simple written directions (e.g., Please hang up coats!) and labels for objects (e.g., clock, Teacher's chair). During daily activities, the teacher regularly points to and reads aloud relevant signs. The teacher has also created a classroom library filled with age-appropriate books and has incorporated relevant signs and books into all the learning centers. These strategies are most effective in addressing which of the following goals related to effective instruction in emergent literacy? A. creating a print-rich environment B. providing guided and independent skills practice C. encouraging independent reading D. infusing reading activities across the curriculum At the beginning of the school year, a kindergarten teacher establishes a variety of classroom roles that rotate on a daily basis. The roles include Calendar Helper and Star of the Day. The Calendar Helper identifies and announces the day of the week, the date, and the day's weather, with teacher support if needed. The Star of the Day shares an object, talking briefly about the item and then answering three questions about it from classmates and/or the teacher. Regularly performing these types of classroom roles directly benefits students' emergent literacy development primarily by enhancing the students': A. self-confidence and comfort level in front of their peers. B. ability to use a range of expressive language skills. C. knowledge of content vocabulary across the curriculum. D. personal responsibility and perseverance with tasks. In keeping with Pennsylvania's PreK-4 learning standards in language arts, which of the following writing skills would be most appropriate to include in language arts instruction at the first-grade level? A. revising writing by adding details or missing information B. focusing writing for a particular audience C. revising writing by varying sentence length and structures D. using transition words to clarify ideas in writing A teacher delivering standards-based literacy instruction grounded in scientific based reading research is most likely to use the results of reading assessments for which of the following purposes? A. using formal and informal assessments to place students into the most appropriate reading group for a given school year B. using ongoing informal assessments to continually plan and modify individual students' reading goals and instruction C. using formal standardized assessments to diagnose each student's reading difficulties at the beginning of the school year D. using comprehensive summative reading achievement assessments on a weekly to biweekly basis to monitor students' progress A group of primary-grade teachers is reviewing potential core instructional materials for teaching beginning-reading skills. The most important selection criteria for the teachers to consider would be to ensure that the materials: A. include clear, appealing visual supports such as illustrations. B. are linked to a variety of online teacher resources. C. include supplemental assessments and learning activities. D. are aligned with relevant state learning standards. Which of the following words contains a diphthong? A. anchor B. boiled C. measure D. truths A prekindergarten teacher regularly writes students' comments on chart paper during whole-class discussions and rereads the comments to the class. This practice supports young children's emergent literacy development primarily by promoting their: A. awareness of the relationship between print and spoken language. B. skill in identifying basic letter-sound correspondences. C. understanding that spoken language is made of smaller phonological units. D. knowledge of a wide range of environmental print. A kindergarten teacher reads aloud a poem that contains alliteration in each line. The teacher reads the poem twice, each time emphasizing the alliteration. On the third reading, the teacher invites the children to repeat each line exactly as the teacher recited it. This activity is most effective in promoting the children's development in which of the following areas of emergent literacy? A. alphabetic awareness B. letter-sound correspondence C. letter recognition D. phonological awareness A third-grade student is having difficulty reading words and syllables that contain complex letter combinations, which is affecting her comprehension of grade-level texts. For example, the student reads the word stretch as [st] [rĕt] [ch] and the word pledge as [p] [lĕd] [guh]. Which of the following intervention strategies is likely to be most effective in addressing this student's reading difficulty and advancing her reading development? A. having the student engage in daily rereading of passages that include morphologically complex words B. modeling for the student how to use context clues in a text to determine the meaning of unfamiliar words C. engaging the student in daily practice reading word lists comprising grade level irregular sight words D. providing the student with instruction and practice decoding consonant clusters as chunks A second-grade student frequently makes errors such as reading the words taped as tapped, hoping as hopping, and shines as shins when reading aloud. Which of the following approaches to addressing the student's difficulty is likely to be most effective? A. providing the student with explicit review and practice reading and spelling CVCe words that contain inflectional endings B. providing the student with explicit instruction in common syllable types and syllabication guidelines C. engaging the student in daily fluency activities focused on silent reading of texts written at the student's instructional reading level D. teaching the student how to distinguish between a syllable and a morpheme in multisyllable words A second-grade teacher is planning reading instruction at the beginning of the school year and would like to determine the entry-level skills of individual students in key areas of reading. Which of the following types of assessments would be most appropriate for the teacher to use to assess entering students' decoding skills? A. a norm-referenced reading achievement test B. an informal phonics inventory C. a summative curriculum-based measurement D. an oral reading fluency test Which of the following strategies would be most effective for a teacher to use as the introduction to a letter-formation lesson for a group of kindergarten students? A. displaying a large alphabet card of the target letter and having the students practice copying the letter using individual portable chalkboards B. reading aloud a "big book" that contains many instances of the target letter and then calling on individual students to point to each instance while saying the letter's name C. providing students with individual worksheets containing multiple instances of the target letter and having them trace the letter several times D. demonstrating to students how to form the target letter in the air while stating the motions and then repeating the process as the students imitate the teacher A first-grade teacher plans a multisensory intervention for a student using a procedure called sound boxes. In this activity, the student places tokens such as pennies into boxes drawn on a piece of paper while slowly saying the sounds in a word. For example, for the word fan, the teacher would draw a horizontal rectangle and divide it into three boxes, giving the student three tokens. The student would say the word slowly (e.g., fffaaannn) and place a token into a box as he or she says each new sound in the word. This procedure is most likely designed to improve the student's ability to: A. segment words into phonemes. B. spell words that follow regular phonics patterns. C. divide words into onsets and rimes. D. recognize common letter-sound correspondences. A kindergarten teacher is using direct instruction to teach new vocabulary to students. Which of the following strategies would best help students integrate the new words into their existing vocabulary? A. having students maintain a personal word list of new words B. using the new words with students several times in different spoken contexts C. guiding students to look up the new words in a children's dictionary D. having students use illustrated cards to review the meaning of new words A prekindergarten teacher helps students memorize a poem and recite it chorally. The teacher could best use this activity to build a foundation for which of the following literacy skills? A. prosodic reading B. independent word-learning C. strategic reading D. responsive listening A second-grade teacher is beginning an integrated content-area unit on farming. As an introduction to the unit, the teacher helps students brainstorm words related to the concept of farming and guides students in creating a semantic map with the words. [Show More]

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