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Nutrition EXAM 2 Questions & Answers (Complete Guide) Verified Solutions

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Nutrition EXAM 2 questions & Answers Nutrition EXAM 2 Questions & Answers • Question 1 1 out of 1 points In the acute care setting a nutritional screen is required and must be completed... within how many hours following admission? Correct Answer: 24 • Question 2 0 out of 1 points Which government agency is responsible for tracking and reporting the incidence of foodborne illnesses? Correct Answer: Centers for Disease Control & Prevention • Question 3 1 out of 1 points A client has been in the hospital for the past three days and the nurse has initiated the Nutrition Care Process (NCP). The nurse has completed the Nutrition Assessment and is now identifying and labeling the problems, determining the cause/contributing risk factors, and clustering signs and symptoms for this client. What step is the nurse at in the NCP? Correct Answer: Nutrition Diagnosis • Question 4 1 out of 1 points There are two forces controlling body water distribution. Identify these two forces. Correct Answer: Solutes and membranes • Question 5 0 out of 1 points Most individuals get the required daily amount (RDA) of Vitamin D from fortified milk and sun exposure. What disease is making a comeback when breastfeed infants do not receive Vitamin D supplements? Correct Answer: Rickets • Question 6 1 out of 1 points Which of the following is a normal physiologic change that occurs in pregnancy? Correct Answer: Increased blood volume • Question 7 1 out of 1 points The United States Department of Agriculture is focused on the following areas related to foods and nutrition. Select the correct answer. Correct Answer: Food, diet, dietary guidelines, and the federal program “My Plate” • Question 8 1 out of 1 points When does the aging process begin? Correct Answer: Conception • Question 9 1 out of 1 points Waist circumference is used to classify overweight and obesity as well as to estimate disease risk. What waist circumference indicates that a client is at risk for disease? Correct Answer: Greater than 40 inches in men and greater than 35 inches in women • Question 10 1 out of 1 points The nurse is providing a nutrition education program for a client who has a diagnosis of osteoporosis. The nurse can confirm that the client understands the teaching when the client states the following will increase calcium absorption. Correct Answer: Vitamin D • Question 11 1 out of 1 points Which structure is responsible for providing fetal nourishment? Correct Answer: Placenta • Question 12 1 out of 1 points Which term refers to the state of dynamic equilibrium within the internal environment of the body resulting in a balance of physiologic metabolism? Correct Answer: Homeostasis • Question 13 1 out of 1 points What is the primary defense to prevent contacting or spreading food borne illnesses? Correct Answer: Washing your hands • Question 14 1 out of 1 points The nurse teaches the client the role of vitamin D. Which statement by the client about vitamin D indicates that the teaching has been effective? Correct Answer: “It is associated with calcium and helps build bone.” • Question 15 1 out of 1 points What is the purpose of performing a nutritional screen on an older adult? Correct Answer: Identify individuals at risk for malnutrition • Question 16 1 out of 1 points Hormones can influence water balance. Identify two influential hormones that affect the balance of body water. Correct Answer: Antidiuretic Hormone and aldosterone • Question 17 1 out of 1 points Which of the following is true concerning organic foods? Correct Answer: They are grown without the use of pesticides and herbicides. • Question 18 0 out of 1 points A patient has been advised to take an iron supplement. Which of the following vitamins increases the absorption of iron? Correct Answer: C • Question 19 1 out of 1 points Why is it important for a client with a chronic disease to maximize the quality of their nutritional intake? Correct Answer: Proper nutrition can improve the body’s response to disease and improve clinical outcomes • Question 20 1 out of 1 points A potassium intake of 4700 mg/day is recommended for all adults. Where is the majority of potassium located in the body? Correct Answer: Intracellular Fluid • Question 21 1 out of 1 points False claims regarding certain foods, supplements or medicines can be dangerous. What is one of the greatest dangers to individuals practicing unfounded nutritional habits? Correct Answer: Appropriate medical interventions may be delayed • Question 22 1 out of 1 points What foods would be included on a clear liquid diet? Correct Answer: Broth, plain gelatin, apple juice, and tea • Question 23 1 out of 1 points What are the three functions of nutrients for the body? Select the answer below. Correct Answer: Provide energy, build and repair body tissues, metabolic regulation • Question 24 0 out of 1 points Minerals are classified as major minerals and trace elements. Select the item that lists two of the trace elements. Correct Answer: Iron and zinc • Question 25 0 out of 1 points To be classified as a vitamin, a compound has to meet three (3) criteria. Which of the following is NOT a requirement go be classified as a vitamin? Correct Answer: It is required in large quantities. • Question 26 1 out of 1 points When working with infants, children, and their nutrition, what is the most sensitive indicator of growth and development? Correct Answer: Length and stature (height) • Question 27 0 out of 1 points When taking a patient’s history for a nutritional assessment, the client states “I do not take any medication. I only take herbal supplements.” What response by the nurse would be appropriate? Correct Answer: “Herbal supplements may react with other medications and food." • Question 28 1 out of 1 points In recent years there have been several reports of major food infection outbreaks. Which bacterium causes an infection after the consumption of raw or undercooked ground beef? Correct Answer: E. Coli • Question 29 0 out of 1 points The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) is an assessment tool to detect undernutrition for which age group? Correct Answer: Older adults • Question 30 1 out of 1 points Which clinical observation is a sign of good nutritional status? Correct Answer: Firm muscle tone • Question 31 1 out of 1 points Vitamins are classified as fat-soluble or water-soluble. Select the item that lists only fat- soluble vitamins. Correct Answer: A, D and E • Question 32 1 out of 1 points What is considered a normal Body Mass Index (BMI)? Correct Answer: 18.5-24.9 • Question 33 0 out of 1 points The Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) for calcium increases for which group of individuals over the age of 50? Correct Answer: Women only • Question 34 0 out of 1 points When performing a nutrition assessment on an older adult, the nurse asks the client about recent weight loss. Based on the client’s response, the nurse is able to determine that the patient unintentionally has lost 5% of their weight in the last month. What is the relevance of this weight loss? Correct Answer: It may be a clue to depression or a wasting disease such as cancer. • Question 35 1 out of 1 points The term evidence-based practice has become a crucial component of healthcare. What is the FIRST step in this process? Correct Answer: Identify the problem • Question 36 1 out of 1 points Beriberi is a disease that results from a deficiency of which water-soluble vitamin? Correct Answer: Thiamin • Question 37 0 out of 1 points Select the preferred method of providing nutrition to clients in the acute care setting. Correct Answer: Oral • Question 38 1 out of 1 points What is the unit of measurement used by nutritionists to describe the energy content of food? Correct Answer: Kilocalorie • Question 39 0 out of 1 points The ability of the eye to adapt to changes in light depends on the light-sensitive pigment, rhodopsin, located in the rods of the retina. Normal rhodopsin cannot be formed when what vitamin is deficient in a person’s diet? Correct Answer: Vitamin A • Question 40 1 out of 1 points Which food selection is high in Vitamin E? Correct Answer: Spinach salad with safflower oil dressing • Question 41 1 out of 1 points Which of the following personal habits should be discouraged during pregnancy? Correct Answer: Smoking • Question 42 1 out of 1 points Which of the following is true regarding BMI (Body Mass Index)? Correct Answer: BMI may overestimate body fat in clients with a muscular build • Question 43 1 out of 1 points What do nutritional and medical authorities agree is the optimal single food for an infant during the first 6 to 7 months of life? Correct Answer: Human breast milk • Question 44 0 out of 1 points Iron plays an important role in which metabolic function? Correct Answer: Oxygen transport • Question 45 1 out of 1 points What model does the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics recommend using to provide nutrition care for clients? Correct Answer: Nutrition Care Process Model • Question 46 1 out of 1 points Which of the following will most likely enhance the success of a client’s nutrition therapy? Correct Answer: Including food preferences • Question 47 1 out of 1 points What federal agency is responsible for food health claims, food and drug education, false advertising and the review of food labels? Correct Answer: Food and Drug Administration • Question 48 1 out of 1 points Most Americans consume more than the recommended 1500 mg of sodium. What is the major source of sodium in the United States? Correct Answer: Processed foods • Question 49 1 out of 1 points What is the MOST IMPORTANT reason for a nutrition screen to be performed? Correct Answer: Identify clients who have or are at risk for nutrition problems • Question 50 0 out of 1 points Which fat-soluble vitamin is associated with the synthesis of blood clotting factors in the liver? Correct Answer: K [Show More]

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