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Maternity Practice Questions and Answers Rated A

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7 year old diabetes I 6 month old introducing solid foods – should be introduced one at a time, every 4 to 7 days to determine food allergies Digoxin 3 month old with GHD, miss a dose – if miss... ed in less than 4 hours, gibe dose, if elapsed more than 4 hours, hold and give dose at next scheduled time 36 weeks pregnant, Rh-, bright red vaginal bleeding, nursing intervention rubella vaccine – instruction about use of a reliable method of birth control for 28 days after the rubella vaccine is given 6 years old, rheumatic fever, chorea 1 month old vomiting forcefully after each meal, is afebrile, dehydrated, and pyloric stenosis – olive shaped mass in the abdominal area that is evident at diaper change 18 weeks gestation, high AFP level – need for follow up evaluation with a sonogram to provide visual evidence of fetal age and presence of neural tube defects left breast mastitis, instruction to do at home magnesium sulfate, toxicity signs continuous fetal monitoring, V shaped appearance child with suspected bacterial meningitis, would have a recent history of unrelated bacterial upper respiratory, sinus, or ear infection - ear ache HIV+, receiving AZT during labor diaphragm size – after each birth the diaphragm should be evaluated for correct sizing and use an alternative form of contraception until verified Type I, 35 weeks gestation, amniocentesis Dilantin, newly diagnosed tonic – clonic epilepsy, seizure management – child should have routine serum levels monitored, as well as liver function infant with barking cough, fever, runny nose – croup, mother should the baby in the bathroom steamed up with hot water from tub or shower osteomyelitis foods to eat, 6 years old – high protein/high calories, milk shake is best choice 4 year old DMD symptoms – teach parents about these changes so they can prepare and help protect child from injuries pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) - IV antibiotics tonsillectomy, bleeding action – assess for bleeding with illumination to visualize oropharynx Ceftriaxone, + gonorrhea APGAR, 1/10, color is acrocyanotic young girl, UTI 9 year old, celiac disease, appendectomy, food to not eat – crackers = have gluten history of preeclampsia, high blood pressure what to use when changing newborn’s diaper – plain water 18 year old daughter, serum test results 38cm fundal height, 30 weeks gestation – after 20 weeks, the fundal height in cm should approximate # of weeks gestation 5 year old, bowel movement, yellow, sticky, smells like sour milk – typical for breastfed newborns, continue to breastfeed absence of testes on newborn admission assessment 3 month old does not sleep through the night 14 month old, hospitalized – febrile seizures 3 year old girl, blind since birth, hospitalized, compound fracture of the femur and is now in traction, intervention fundal massage technique – anchor the lower uterine segment with one hand, while massaging the fundus with the other hand, to prevent uterine prolapse and uterine inversion Maternity HESI 4. The nurse is teaching a client with gestational diabetes about nutrition and insulin need for pregnancy. Which content should the nurse include in this client’s teaching plan? A) Insulin production is decreased during pregnancy B) increase daily caloric intake is needed ? C) injection requirements remain the same D) Blood sugars need less monitoring in the first trimester 5. A 38-week primigravida client who is positive for Group A Beta Streptococcus receives a prescription for cefazolin 2 grams IV to be infused over 30 minutes. The medications available in 2 grams/100 ml of normal saline. The nurse should program the infusion pump to deliver how many ml/hour? 1.6ml/hr 7. When performing the daily head-to-toe assessment of a 1-day-old newborn, the nurse observes yellow tint to the skin on the forehead, sternum, and abdomen. What action should the nurse take? A) Measure bilirubin levels using transcutaneous bilirubinometry B) Review maternal medical records for blood type and Rh factor C) Prepare the newborn for phototherapy ? D) Evaluate cord blood Coomb’s test results 8. A new mother asks the nurse about an area of swelling on her baby’s head near the posterior fontanel that lies across the suture line. How should the nurse respond? A) “That is called caput succedaneum. It will absorb and cause no problems.” B) “That is called a cephalhematoma. It will cause no problems.” ? C) “That is called a cephalhematoma. It can cause jaundice as it is absorbed.” D) “That is called caput succedaneum. It will have to be drained.” 9.A 39-week-gestational multigravida is admitted to labor and delivery with spontaneous rupture of membranes (SROM) and contractions occurring every 2 to 3 minutes. A vaginal exam indicates that the cervix is dilated 6 cm, 90% effaced, and the fetus is at a +2 station. During the last 45 minutes the fetal heart rate (FHR) has ranged between 170 and 180 beats/minute. What action should the nurse implement? A) Obtain a blood specimen for hemoglobin B) Take an oral maternal temperature ? C) Straight catheterize the client D) Send amniotic fluid for analysis 10. An obviously pregnant woman walks into the hospital’s emergency department entrance, shouting, “Help me! Help me! My baby is coming! I’m so afraid!” The nurse determines if delivery is indeed imminent. What action is most important for the nurse to take? A) Determines the gestational age of the fetus B) Assess the amount and color of the amniotic fluid C) Obtain peripheral IV access and begin administration of IV fluids D) Provide clear, concise instructions in a calm, deliberate manner [Show More]

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