*NURSING > HESI > HESI FUNDAMENTALS PRACTICE -2020 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS (LATEST-2020): (ANSWERS VERIFIED 100% CORRECT (All)

HESI FUNDAMENTALS PRACTICE -2020 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS (LATEST-2020): (ANSWERS VERIFIED 100% CORRECT)

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Hesi Fundamentals Practice Which drug does a nurse anticipate may be prescribed to produce diuresis and inhibit formation of aqueous humor for a client with glaucoma? Chlorothiazide (Diuril) Acet... azolamide (Diamox) Bendroflumethiazide (Naturetin) Demecarium bromide (Humorsol) A client receiving steroid therapy states, "I have difficulty controlling my temper which is so unlike me, and I don't know why this is happening." What is the nurse's best response? Tell the client it is nothing to worry about. Talk with the client further to identify the specific cause of the problem. Instruct the client to attempt to avoid situations that cause irritation. Interview the client to determine whether other mood swings are being experienced. A client receiving steroid therapy states, "I have difficulty controlling my temper which is so unlike me, and I don't know why this is happening." What is the nurse's best response? Tell the client it is nothing to worry about. Talk with the client further to identify the specific cause of the problem. Instruct the client to attempt to avoid situations that cause irritation. Interview the client to determine whether other mood swings are being experienced. The nurse is caring for a client with a temperature of 104.5 degrees Fahrenheit. The nurse applies a cooling blanket and administers an antipyretic medication. The nurse explains that the rationale for these interventions is to: Promote equalization of osmotic pressures. Prevent hypoxia associated with diaphoresis. Promote integrity of intracerebral neurons. Reduce brain metabolism and limit hypoxia. A health care provider prescribes 500 mg of an antibiotic intravenous piggyback (IVPB) every 12 hours. The vial of antibiotic contains 1 g and indicates that the addition of 2.5 mL of sterile water will yield 3 mL of reconstituted solution. How many milliliters of the antibiotic should be added to the 50 mL IVPB bag? Record your answer using one decimal place. __ mL 1.5 The nurse is caring for a non-ambulatory client with a reddened sacrum that is unrelieved by repositioning. What nursing diagnosis should be included on the client's plan of care? Risk for pressure ulcer Risk for impaired skin integrity Impaired skin integrity, related to infrequent turning and repositioning Impaired skin integrity, related to the effects of pressure and shearing force A client has a pressure ulcer that is full thickness with necrosis into the subcutaneous tissue down to the underlying fascia. The nurse should document the assessment finding as which stage of pressure ulcer? Stage I Stage II Stage III Unstageable A pressure ulcer with necrotic tissue is unstageable. The necrotic tissue must be removed before the wound can be staged. A stage I pressure ulcer is defined as an area of persistent redness with no break in skin integrity. A stage II pressure ulcer is a partial-thickness wound with skin loss involving the epidermis, dermis, or both; the ulcer is superficial and may present as an abrasion, blister, or shallow crater. A stage III pressure ulcer involves full thickness tissue loss with visible subcutaneous fat. Bone, tendon, and muscle are not exposed. A client is being admitted for a total hip replacement. When is it necessary for the nurse to ensure that a medication reconciliation is completed? Select all that apply. After reporting severe pain On admission to the hospital Upon entering the operating room Before transfer to a rehabilitation facility At time of scheduling for the surgical procedure Medication reconciliation involves the creation of a list of all medications the client is taking and comparing it to the health care provider's prescriptions on admission or when there is a transfer to a different setting or service, or discharge. A change in status does not require medication reconciliation. A medication reconciliation should be completed long before entering the operating room. Total hip replacement is elective surgery, and scheduling takes place before admission; medication reconciliation takes place when the client is admitted. [Show More]

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