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NR 442 Week 3 Community Health Nursing Exam 1-Practice Questions

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Chapter 1: Health: A Community View 1. Which of the following best describes the primary reason that Americans are concerned about health care? 2. A nurse has begun to lobby with politicians for c... hanges to the health care system. Why is this involvement important? 3. What conclusion can be drawn from examining where nurses are employed? 4. Which ethical belief would be most helpful in the current health care crisis? 5. What is the primary problem seen in Healthy People 2020's emphasis on choosing healthy lifestyle behaviors, such as daily exercise or healthy food choices? 6. What responsibility does the American Nurses Association (ANA) Code of Ethics require of the nurse beyond giving excellent care to patients? 7. What is the community health nursing definition of health? 8. How does community health nursing define community? 9. Which variable has a major influence on a community's health? 10. What change would most effectively lead to a longer life span in Americans? 11. What is the health issue causing the most concern in the United States today? 12. What factors are most responsible for the increasing length of life of Americans over the past 100 years? 13. Why would a public health nurse want to know about morbidity and mortality statistics on the local, state, and national level? 14. How do public health efforts differ from medical efforts in improving the health of our citizens? 15. Which primary prevention would the school nurse choose to address the school's number of unwed pregnancies? 16. What would be the proper term for the action of the school health nurse arranging for all the students in the elementary school to receive H1N1 immunizations? 17. Which action would probably result in the largest change in health care outcomes for Americans? 18. Which task will be most helpful in meeting the public health agency's goals? 19. A community health nurse is overwhelmed with all that needs to be done in one day. Which task could most easily be postponed? 20. A nurse who works on the surgical unit at the local hospital was asked by the home health unit to make a home visit to a patient who had been discharged the previous day and to give follow-up care (for overload pay). What kind of nursing would this nurse be doing? 21. Which task is most crucial for the community health nurse to do well? 22. A new public health nurse carefully assessed all the local mortality and morbidity data in preparation for making appropriate planning suggestions at a meeting next week. What other action is crucial before the nurse can feel prepared? 23. Why are high-risk and vulnerable subpopulations identified by public health nurses before deciding on appropriate interventions? 24. A nurse works hard to develop alliances among various community organizations toward improving health in the community. What are actions such as this called? 25. After completing a master's degree, a nurse took a course in marketing. Should the agency reimburse the nurse's tuition costs? 26. Which factor is most responsible for differences in an individual's health? 27. What are the leading health indicators found in Healthy People 2020? (Select all that apply.) 1. Financial issues 28. What historically have been public health nurses' two most important priorities? (Select all that apply.) 29. As in Healthy People 2010, what are the two primary goals of Healthy People 2020? (Select all that apply.) Chapter 2: Historical Factors 1. Which of the following best describes the time period when communities began to agree on collective action to stay healthy? 2. Which of the following best describes the first measures used by large communities to ensure community health? 7. A scholar during the Sanitary Revolution created medical topography. What was the advantage of these surveys? 8. How did Edwin Chadwick's ideas help decrease disease in the nineteenth century? 9. Which of the following best describes how John Snow was able to decrease deaths from cholera? 10. Which of the following best describes the achievement that Lemuel Shattuck is well known for in the United States? 11. Which of the following nursing interventions would have most likely been used by Florence Nightingale when treating wounded soldiers? 12. Which of the following best describes how Nightingale responded to challenges about her suggestions for reform of health care? 13. When comparing a surgeon today with a surgeon of Nightingale's time, which of the following best describes the primary difference in how they would operate on a patient? 3. A nurse has determined that there is always a consistent level of people in the population who experience pneumonia. Which of the following best describes the prevalence of this disease? 4. Which of the following best describes an innovation introduced by the Romans? 5. Which of the following best describes a modern public health practice that was originally developed as a means of self-protection from the Black Death (bubonic plague)? 6. Which of the following diseases provided immunity to smallpox? 14. Which of the following scientific beliefs or ideas eventually changed medical practice and decreased morbidity and mortality? 15. Why did local and state governments start to become more involved in controlling disease? 16. Which of the following interventions was the first step in controlling the incidence of tuberculosis (TB)? 17. Which of the following best describes the overall result of Abraham Flexner's report? 18. Which of the following groups was primarily responsible for the establishment of the first school of public health? 19. A family living in England in 1860 was part of the community where district nursing was implemented. Who would most likely have seen this family? 20. Which of the following interventions was most helpful in assisting people become educated on healthy living in nineteenth-century England? 21. Which of the following best describes the district nursing service created in the United States by Lillian Wald and Mary Brewster? 22. Which of the following statements best summarizes Wald and Brewster's approach to home nursing? 23. Which of the following did Lillian Wald help establish? 24. Which of the following statements best summarizes the view of nurses as seen in novels over the past 100 years? 25. Which of the following best describes the primary focus of health care efforts in the United States? 26. Which of the following statements best describes why there is an increased need for advanced practice nurses in primary care? 27. Which of the following statements best explains the continued incidence of infectious disease in the United States today? 28. Which of the following best describes the primary concern both historically and today for many people when they become ill? 29. Which of the following statements best describes the increase in life expectancy among Americans during the twentieth century? 30. Which of the following is a major challenge for health care provider education today? 31. Which of the following tool(s) were used by Florence Nightingale to create change? (Select all that apply.) 32. Which of the following of Nightingale's ideas were forgotten until recently? (Select all that apply.) 33. Which of the following best describes why folk healers are used by many people? (Select all that apply.) 34. What current emphases are focusing attention on public health? (Select all that apply.) 35. Continued.................................... [Show More]

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