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HESI FINAL ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY 2. Complete with Correct and Verified Answers.

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Which of the following is not an accessory sex organ of the female reproductive system? a. Ovary b. Vagina c. Fallopian tube d. Mammary glands 2. The tube connecting the ovaries to the ute... rus is called the: a. uterine tubes. b. oviducts. c. fallopian tubes. d. All of the above are correct. 3. Which of the following structures is not classified as internal genitals of the female reproductive system? a. Ovaries b. Uterine tubes c. Vagina d. Vulva 4. The fundus of the uterus is the: a. lower, narrow section. b. area above where the tubes enter. c. central portion. d. opening into the uterus. 5. The layer of the uterus from which tissue is sloughed during menstruation is the: a. endometrium. b. myometrium. c. parietal peritoneum. d. visceral peritoneum. 6. The layer that is incomplete because it covers none of the cervix and only part of the body is called the: a. parietal peritoneum. b. myometrium. c. endometrium. d. symphysis pubis. 7. Which of the following is not a division of the uterine tubes (fallopian tubes)? a. Isthmus b. Fundus c. Ampulla d. Infundibulum 8. The process of egg formation is called: a. ovulation. b. oogenesis. c. fertilization. d. germination. 11. The region between the vaginal orifice and the anus is called the: a. mons pubic. b. labia majora. c. labia minora. d. perineum. 12. Which of the following is not true concerning the uterus? a. It produces estrogen. b. It sloughs compact and spongy layers of lining tissue. c. It is the site for embryo implantation. d. Uterine muscle contraction expels the infant. 14. Fertilization of an ovum most often occurs in the: a. ovary. b. fallopian tube. c. uterus. d. vagina. 15. Each of the following structures is a part of the vulva except the: a. mons pubis. b. labia majora. c. perineum. d. clitoris. 16. The greater vestibular glands are also called _____ glands. a. Bartholin b. Cowper c. Skene d. Huntington 17. The urethral orifice is _____ to the vagina opening. a. posterior b. anterior c. medial d. lateral 18. Salpingitis is inflammation of the: a. ovaries. b. fallopian tubes. c. uterus. d. vagina. 21. Which of the following is not true of the vagina? a. It can act as a receptacle for seminal fluid from the male. b. It serves as the lower part of the birth canal. c. It is a passageway for urine. d. It acts as an excretory duct for uterine secretions. 22. The part of the vulva that is composed of erectile tissue and is located just behind the junction of the labia minora is called the: a. mons pubis. b. clitoris. c. urinary meatus. d. labia majora. 23. Which of the following hormones causes ejection of milk into the mammary ducts, making it accessible for the infant? a. Progesterone b. Oxytocin c. Prolactin d. Estrogen 24. The hormone that causes the alveoli of the mammary glands to secrete milk is: a. estrogen. b. oxytocin. c. prolactin. d. estrogen. 25. During a 28-day menstrual cycle, ovulation would be most likely to occur on day _____ of the cycle. a. 3 b. 8 c. 14 d. 21 33. The average age at which menopause occurs is _____ years. a. 40 b. 60 to 65 c. 45 to 50 d. 55 34. A high blood concentration of estrogens: a. stimulates endometrial glands to secrete. b. stimulates epithelial cells of the endometrium to proliferate. c. stimulates FSH secretion by the anterior pituitary. d. causes development of the corpus luteum. 35. The increase in blood estrogens during the postmenstrual phase of the menstrual cycle produces all of the following changes in the uterus except: a. growth of both the endometrial glands and the spiral arteries of the endometrium. b. decreased myometrial contractions. c. proliferation of endometrial cells producing a thickening of the endometrium. d. All of the above occur because of the increase in estrogen. 37. The female reproductive system differs from the male reproductive system in that it: a. produces gametes. b. provides protection for the developing offspring. c. provides nutrition to the developing offspring. d. does both B and C. 44. Which of the following functions is not usually associated with the uterus? a. Menstruation b. Fertilization c. Gestation d. All of the above functions are associated with the uterus. 45. Going from the ovary to the uterus, the sequence of the divisions of the uterine tubes is: a. isthmus, ampulla, fimbriae, and infundibulum. b. ampulla, isthmus, infundibulum, and fimbriae. c. fimbriae, infundibulum, ampulla and isthmus. d. fimbriae, ampulla, isthmus, and infundibulum. 46. Which of the following glands is not part of the vulva? a. The greater vestibular glands b. Skene glands c. Bartholin glands d. All of the above glands are part of the vulva. 47. Which of the following statements is not true about the mechanism controlling lactation? a. The anterior pituitary secretes prolactin. b. The posterior pituitary secretes oxytocin. c. Prolactin stimulates the ejection of milk into the ducts of the mammary glands. d. All of the above statements are true about the mechanism controlling lactation. 50. An ectopic pregnancy can occur in the: a. uterus. b. pelvic cavity. c. uterine tubes. d. Either B or C are correct. 52. Which of the following is not a function of the ovary? a. It produces estrogen. b. It produces ova. c. It produces follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). [Show More]

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