*NURSING > ATI > ATI Learning System RN 3.0-Medical-Surgical Anesthesia & Moderate Sedation Practice Questions & Answ (All)

ATI Learning System RN 3.0-Medical-Surgical Anesthesia & Moderate Sedation Practice Questions & Answers-Updated for 2023.Pass Medical-Surgical Anesthesia & Moderate Sedation in First Attempt Guaranteed!Get 100% Latest Exam Questions, Accurate & Verified Answers to Pass the Actual Exam! Instant Download!

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ATI Learning System RN 3.0-Medical-Surgical Anesthesia & Moderate Sedation Practice Questions & Answers-Updated for 2023 Pass Medical-Surgical Anesthesia & Moderate Sedation in First Attempt Guarante... ed!Get 100% Latest Exam Questions, Accurate & Verified Answers to Pass the Actual Exam! Instant Download!ATI Learning System RN 3.0-Medical-Surgical Anesthesia & Moderate Sedation Practice Questions & Answers-Updated for 2023.Pass Medical-Surgical Anesthesia & Moderate Sedation in First Attempt Guaranteed!Get 100% Latest Exam Questions, Accurate & Verified Answers to Pass the Actual Exam! Instant Download! General anesthesia - Ans | >> Loss of sensation, consciousness, and reflexes when a pt. is undergoing major surgery or one that requires complete muscle relaxation Local anesthesia - Ans | >> Loss of sensation without loss of consciousness. Blocks transmission along nerves, loss of autonomic function and muscle paralysis in a specific area of the body. General anesthesia assessment - Ans | >> -family history of malignant hyperthermia -respiratory disease (hypoventilation) -cardiac disease (dysrhythmias, altered cardiac output) -gastric contents (aspiration) -Alcohol or substance abuse Local anesthesia assessment - Ans | >> -allergy to ester-type anesthetics -alterations in peripheral circulation Inhalation general anesthetic agents - Ans | >> -halothane -isoflurane -nitrous oxygen in combo w/ O2 IV general anesthetic agents - Ans | >> -benzodiazepines -etomidate -propofol -ketamine -short-acting barbiturates (methohexital) Porpofol - Ans | >> -most common anesthetic agent -received during mechanical ventilation, radiation therapy, & diagnostic procedures -allergies to eggs & soybean oil are contraindicated in receiving this What eliminates inhalation anesthetics? - Ans | >> Exhalation. the rate of elimination depends on pulmonary ventilation and blood flow to the lungs. Post-op admin. of O2 and encouraging the pt. to take deep breaths are important interventions Phases of general anesthesia - Ans | >> -Induction: initial of IV access, administration of pre-op medications given, securing of airway patency. -maintenance: performance of surgery, airway maintenance -emergence: completion of surgery, removal of assistive airway devices Prof.Exams Opiods: -fentanyl -sufentanil -alfentanil - Ans | >> Uses: -sedation -analgesics to relieve pre-op and post-op pain Adverse effects: -depresses CNS, resulting in resp. depression or distress -delays awakening following surgery or a procedure -pot-op constipation and urinary retention -can trigger N/V Benzodiazepines -diazepam -midazolam - Ans | >> Uses: -reduce anxiety pre-op -promote amnesia -produce mild sedation (unconsciousness) with little to moderate respiratory depression with careful titration Adverse effects: -can result in cardiac & respiratory arrest with rapid administration or without waiting for the full effect to develop Antiemetics -ondansetron -metoclopramide -promethazine - Ans | >> Uses: -decreases post anesthetic N/V -enhances gastric emptying (metoclopramide) -Induces sedation (promethazine) -decrease the risk for aspiration Adverse effects: -dry mouth -dizziness -extrapyramidal symptoms and tardive dyskinesia (meto) -resp. depression & apnea (prometh) Anticholoinergics -atropine -glycopyrrolate - Ans | >> Uses: -decreases the risk of bradycardia during surgery and at times vagal slowing of the heart due to the parasympathetic response to surgical manipulation [Show More]

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