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HESI PN EXIT EXAM 2023-2024 (LATEST VERSION).

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HESI PN EXIT EXAM 2023-2024 (LATEST VERSION). 1) The LPN/LVN is preparing to ambulate a postoperative client after cardiac surgery. The nurse plans to do which to enable the client to best tolerate th... e ambulation? 1. Provide the client with a walker. 2. Remove the telemetry equipment. 3. Encourage the client to cough and deep breathe. 4. Premedicate the client with an analgesic before ambulating. Correct Answer: 4. Premedicate the client with an analgesic before ambulating. 2) A client is wearing a continuous cardiac monitor, which begins to alarm at the nurse's station. The nurse sees no electrocardiographic complexes on the screen. The nurse should do which first? 1. Call a code blue. 2. Call the health care provider. 3. Check the client status and lead placement. 4. Press the recorder button on the ECG console. Correct Answer: 3. Check the client status and lead placement. 3) The LPN/LVN in a medical unit is caring for a client with heart failure. The client suddenly develops extreme dyspnea, tachycardia, and lung crackles, and the nurse suspects pulmonary edema. The nurse immediately notifies the registered nurse and expects which interventions to be prescribed? Select all that apply. 1. Administering oxygen 2. Inserting a Foley catheter 3. Administering furosemide (Lasix) 4. Administering morphine sulfate intravenously 5. Transporting the client to the coronary care unit 6. Placing the client in a low-Fowler's side-lying position Correct Answer: 1. Administering oxygen 2. Inserting a Foley catheter 3. Administering furosemide (Lasix) 4) The nurse is monitoring a client following cardioversion. Which observations should be of highest priority to the nurse? 1. Blood pressure 2. Status of airway 3. Oxygen flow rate 4. Level of consciousness Correct Answer: 2. Status of airway 5) The nurse is assisting in caring for the client immediately after insertion of a permanent demand pacemaker via the right subclavian vein. The nurse prevents dislodgement of the pacing catheter by implementing which intervention? 1. Limiting movement and abduction of the left arm 2. Limiting movement and abduction of the right arm 3. Assisting the client to get out of bed and ambulate with a walker 4. Having the physical therapist do active range of motion to the right arm Correct Answer: 2. Limiting movement and abduction of the right arm 6) A client diagnosed with thrombophlebitis 1 day ago suddenly complains of chest pain and shortness of breath, and the client is visibly anxious. The LPN/LVN understands that a life-threatening complication of this condition is which? 1. Pneumonia 2. Pulmonary edema 3. Pulmonary embolism 4. Myocardial infarction Correct Answer: 3. Pulmonary embolism 7) A 24-year-old man seeks medical attention for complaints of claudication in the arch of the foot. The nurse also notes superficial thrombophlebitis of the lower leg. The nurse should check the client for which next? 1. Smoking history 2. Recent exposure to allergens 3. History of recent insect bites 4. Familial tendency toward peripheral vascular disease Correct Answer: 1. Smoking history 8) The nurse has reinforced instructions to the client with Raynaud's disease about self-management of the disease process. The nurse determines that the client needs further teaching if the client states which? [Show More]

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