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MENTAL HEALTH EXAM 1 PSYCHOLOGY 2023/2024

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MENTAL HEALTH EXAM 1 PSYCHOLOGY 2023/2024 Multiple Choice 1.A depressed client states, “I have a chemical imbalance in my brain. I have no control over my behavior. Medications are my only hope ... to feel normal again.” Which nursing response is appropriate? A.“Medications are one way to address chemical imbalances. Environmental and interpersonal factors can also have an impact on biological factors.” B.“Because biological factors are the sole cause of depression, medications will improve your mood.” C.“Environmental factors have been shown to exert the most influence in the development of depression.” D.“Researchers have been unable to demonstrate a link between nature (biology and genetics) and nurture (environment).” ANS: A The nurse should advise the client that medications are one treatment approach to address biological factors, but there are other factors that affect mood. The nurse should educate the client on environmental and interpersonal factors that can lead to depression and the potential for psychological treatments to have a positive impact on biological factors. KEY: Cognitive Level: Application | Integrated Processes: Nursing Process: Implementation | Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance 2.A client diagnosed with major depressive disorder asks, “What part of my brain controls my emotions?” Which nursing response is appropriate? A.“The occipital lobe governs perceptions, judging them as positive or negative.” B.“The parietal lobe has been linked to depression.” C.“The medulla regulates key biological and psychological activities.” D.“The limbic system is largely responsible for one’s emotional state.” ANS: D The nurse should explain to the client that the limbic system is largely responsible for one’s emotional state. This system is often called the “emotional brain” and is associated with feelings, sexuality, and social behavior. The occipital lobes are the area of visual reception and interpretation. Somatosensory input (touch, taste, temperature, etc.) occurs in the parietal lobes. The medulla contains vital centers that regulate heart rate and reflexes. KEY: Cognitive Level: Application | Integrated Processes: Nursing Process: [Show More]

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