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ATI Comprehensive Practice Test B.

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A nurse is assessing a client who received 2 units of packed RBCs 48 hrs ago. Which of the following findings should indicate to the nurse that the therapy has been effective? Hemoglobin 14.9 g/dL ... The nurse should identify that packed RBCs a re administered to clients who have a decreased level of hemoglobin or hematocrit. This h emoglobin level is within the expected reference range of 14 to 18 g/dL for males and 12 to 16 g/dL for females, indicating the therapy has been effective. A nurse working in a n emergency department is triaging four clients. Which of the following clients should the nurse recommend for treatment first? A middle adult client who has unstable vital signs. Using the stable vs unstable approach t o client care, the nurse should recommend priority treatment for the client who has u nstable vital signs because this client requires immediate treatment to reduce the risk of further injury o r possible death. A nurse is caring for a c lient who has fluid volume overload. Which of the following tasks should the nurse delegate t o the CNA? Measure the client’s daily weight It is within the CNAs range of function to measure a client’s daily weight, so the nurse should delegate this task to them. A nurse is preparing t o administer mannitol 0.2g/kg IV bolus over 5 min as a test dose to a client who has severe oliguria. The client weighs 198lb. What is t he amount in grams the nurse should administer? 18 g A nurse is conduction a physical examination for an adolescent and is assessing the range of motion of the legs. W hich of the following images indicates the adolescent is abducting the hip joint? In the correct image, the adolescent is abduction the hip joint by moving the leg away from the midline of the body. A nurse is caring for a c lient who has hyperthyroidism. Which of the following findings should the nurse expect? Tremors Tremors are a manifestation of hyperthyroidism, along with tachycardia, diaphoresis, weight loss, insomnia, and exophthalmia. A nurse is assessing a school-aged child who has bacterial meningitis. Which of the following findings should the n urse expect? Nuchal rigidity This is a manifestation of bacterial meningitis. A nurse is assessing a newborn’s heart rate. Which of the following actions should the nurse take? Auscultate the apical pulse at least 1 min. The nurse should auscultate the apical pulse to obtain an accurate assessment of heart rate and rhythm. Auscultation of a newborn’s heart sounds can be difficult because of the rapid rate and the transmission of respiratory sounds. A nurse is preparing t o assist with a thoracentesis for a client who has pleurisy. The nurse should plan to perform which of the following actions? Instruct the client to avoid coughing during the procedure. It is important for the nurse to remind the client to avoid coughing and to lie still during a thoracentesis to avoid puncturing the pleura. A nurse in the ED is a ssessing a preschooler who has a facial laceration. The nurse should identify which of the f ollowing findings as a potential indication of child sexual abuse? The child exhibits discomfort while walking. The nurse should identify this finding as a potential indication of child sexual abuse. A nurse is preparing t o teach about dietary management to a client who has Crohn’s disease and an enteroenteric f istula. Which of the following nutrients should the nurse instruct the client to decrease in their d iet? Fiber The nurse should instruct the client to consume a low-fiber diet to reduce diarrhea and inflammation. A nurse is caring for a c lient who has a prescription for a continuous passive motion (CPM) machine following a total knee arthroplasty. Which of the following actions should the nurse take? Turn off the CPM machine during mealtime. This promotes client comfort and dietary intake. A nurse is preparing t o initiate IV access for an older adult client. Which of the following sites should the nurse select when initiating the IV for the client? Radial vein of the inner arm. This site will have adequate subcutaneous t issue. A nurse is developing a client education program a bout osteoporosis for older adult clients. The nurse should include which of the following variables as a risk factor for osteoporosis? Sedentary lifestyle. This is a risk factor for osteoporosis. The nurse should encourage older adult clients to engage in weight-bearing exercises because t hey will promote bone health by increasing calcium and phosphorus levels. A nurse in an ED is caring for a child who has a fever and fluid-filled vesicles on the trunk and extremities. Which of t he following interventions should the nurse identify as the priority? Initiate transmission-based precautions When using the urgent vs nonurgent approach to client care, the nurse should determine that the priority action is to initiate transmission-based precautions for the child. The child most likely has varicella. Therefore, the nurse should isolate the child to prevent the spread of the infection. A nurse is caring for a c lient who has a clogged percutaneous gastrostomy feeding tube. Which of the following actions should the nurse take first? Change the position of the client. When providing client care, the nurse should use the least restrictive intervention first. Therefore, the nurse should reposition the client to remove any kinks in the tube, which can lead to clogging. If this method is unsuccessful, t he nurse should attempt to flush or aspirate the client’s tube to remove the clog. A home health care nurse is developing a teaching plan for a client who has a new ileostomy. Which of the following i nstructions should the nurse include? Empty the appliance when it is one-third t o one-half full. The ileostomy pouch should be emptied when it is o ne-third to one-half full to prevent stool leakage and skin irritation. A nurse is reviewing the laboratory report of a client who has end-stage kidney disease and received hemodialysis 24 yr ago. Which of the following lab values should the nurse report to the provider? Sodium 148 mEq/L The nurse should report this sodium level because it is a bove the expected reference range of 136 to 145 mEq/L, indicating hypernatremia. Clients who have kidney disease often retain sodium and require sodium-restricted diets. A nurse is caring for four clients. Which of the following tasks should the nurse delegate to a CNA? Arrange the lunch tray for a client who has a hip fracture. Assisting a client with meals is within the range of function of the CNA. A nurse is preparing a client for a paracentesis. Which of the following actions should the nurse take? Instruct the client to void. The nurse should instruct the client to void prior to the procedure because an empty bladder decreases the risk of a bladder puncture and minimizes the client’s discomfort during the procedure. A nurse has received change of shift report on four assigned clients. For which of the following clients should the nurse intervene to prevent a potential food and medication interaction? A client who is receiving an MAOI and is requesting a cheeseburger for dinner. This client’s food selection contains tyramine. Clients prescribed an MAOI must restrict the intake of foods that contain tyramine due to adverse effects, such as hypertension. A nurse is planning care for a client who has rheumatoid arthritis and has moderate to severe pain in multiple joints. W hich of the following actions should the nurse plan to take? Allow for frequent rest periods throughout the day. The nurse should encourage the client to balance rest with exercise to maintain muscle strength, joint function, and range of motion. A nurse is caring for a c lient who is receiving continuous bladder irrigation following a transurethral resection of the prostate. The client reports bladder spasms, and the nurse observes a decreased u rinary output. Which of the following action should the nurse take? Irrigate the catheter with 0.9% sodium chloride irrigation. Decreased urine output and bladder spasms indicate internal obstruction of the catheter. Therefore, the nurse should irrigate the catheter with 0.9% sodium chloride irrigation and notify the provider if the obstruction does n ot clear. A nurse is assessing a client who has COPD. Which of the following findings should the nurse expect? pH 7.31 Respiratory acidosis is an expected finding for a client who has COPD. The expected reference range of pH is 7.35-7.45. A pH level of less than 7.35 indicates acidosis. For a client who has COPD, a decrease in pH w ill be accompanied by an increase in the level of carbon dioxide over the expected reference range of 35 to 45 mm Hg, indicating respiratory acidosis. A nurse in a community center is providing an educational session to a group of clients about ovarian cancer. Which of the following manifestations of ovarian cancer should the nurse include in the teaching? Abdominal bloating The nurse should include the presence of abdominal bloating as an early manifestation of ovarian cancer. Other manifestations include an increase in abdominal girth, pelvic or abdominal pain, early satiety, and urinary frequency or urgency. A nurse is caring for a c lient who has active TB. Which of the following actions should the nurse plan to take to prevent the transmission of the disease? Have the client wear a surgical mask while being transported outside the room. This will prevent the transmission of the disease. A nurse is caring for a g roup of clients. Which of the following clients should the nurse attend to first? An older adult client who is anxious and attempting to pull out an IV line. This client is at greater risk of injury. An RN is observing an LPN and a CNA move a client up in bed. For which of the following situations should the nurse intervene? The LPN and the CNA grasp the client under his arms to lift him up in bed. They should not grasp the client under the arms when lifting, as this can result in shoulder dislocation or other injuries to the client. The RN should intervene and instruct the nurses to use a draw sheet or friction-reducing device to lift the client. A nurse is preparing t o administer insulin to a client via a pen device. Which of the following actions should the nurse take? Hold the insulin pen device perpendicular to the client’s skin to inject the medication. This ensures the insulin enters the subQ tissue. A nurse is caring for a c lient who has immunosuppression and a continuous IV infusion. Which of the following actions should the nurse take? Monitor the client’s mouth every 8 hr. Check for manifestations of infection, such as sores or lesions. A nurse is providing t eaching about advance directives to a middle-aged adult client. Which of the following client responses indicates an understanding of the teaching? “I can designate my partner as my health care surrogate.” This statement indicates that the client recognizes that designating a health care surrogate is part of advance directives. A nurse is assessing a client following a vaginal delivery and notes heavy lochia and a boggy fundus. Which of t he following medications should the nurse expect to administer? Oxytocin This is a hormone that stimulates uterine contractions, to decrease vaginal bleeding. A nurse manager is planning to use a democratic l eadership style with the nurses on the unit. Which of the following a ctions by the nurse manager demonstrates a democratic leadership style? Seeks input from the other nurses. This includes members of the team when making decisions and encourages staff members to participate in the decision-making process. A nurse is assigning t ask roles for a group of clients in a community mental health clinic. Which of the following tasks should the nurse a ssign to the member of the group functioning as the orienteer? Noting the progress of the group toward assigned goals. This is the task of the orienteer. A nurse is creating a plan of care for a newly admitted child. Which of the following actions should the nurse include in the plan? See Exhibit button Administer high-dose antibiotic therapy. Children who have cystic fibrosis metabolize antibiotics more rapidly and require higher doses of antibiotics to help fight aggressive i nfections such as Burkholderia cepacia. A nurse is caring for a n ewborn immediately after delivery. Which of the following interventions should the nurse implement to prevent heat l oss by conduction? Use a protective cover on the scale when weighing the infant. Heat loss by conduction is a loss of heat between the newborn’s skin and the cooler surface beneath it. [Show More]

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