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TEST BANK FOR NURSING INTERVENTIONS AND CLINICAL SKILLS 7TH EDITION BY POTTER Chapter 1_32

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TEST BANK FOR NURSING INTERVENTIONS AND CLINICAL SKILLS 7TH EDITION BY POTTER Chapter 1_32 Exam Test Questions with Complete Solutions Test Preparation Guide N Chapter 01: Using Evidence in Nursi... ng Practice MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. A nursing educator is explaining how the best clinical practices are determined. Which statement best explains the purpose of evidence-based practice? a. It ensures that all patients receive holistic care. b. It provides a definite reason for providing care in a specific manner. c. It prevents errors when care is being delivered. d. It guarantees that care delivered is based on research. ANS: B Evidence-based practice is the use of the current best evidence in making patient care decisions. It applies to all types of health care professionals. Currently there is no method that can ensure that all patients receive holistic care, that all errors can be prevented, or that a guarantee exists that care given is based on research. DIF: Cognitive Level: Understanding OBJ: NCLEX: Safe and Effective Care Environment TOP: Nursing Process: Implementation 2. Which question is a problem-focused trigger for initiating the evidence-based practice method in nursing care? a. What is known about reduction of urinary tract infections in the older adult with diabetes? b. How can chronic pain best be described when the patient is nonverbal? c. How long can an IV catheter remain in place in a patient with obesity? d. What measures can the nurse take to reduce the rising incidence of urinary tract infections on the older adult care unit? ANS: D Evidence-based practice (EBP) questions tend to arise from two sources: recurrent problems or new knowledge. In the correct option, the increase in urinary tract infections indicates a trend or recurring problem in a specific group of patients. The other questions are general information questions, not based on what is happening in a specific area or to a group of specific patients in an area or relating to an observed trend. DIF: Cognitive Level: Applying OBJ: NCLEX: Safe and Effective Care Environment TOP: Nursing Process: Implementation 3. What does the “I” indicate in a “PICO” question? a. Intervention of interest b. Incorporation of concepts c. Implementation by nursing d. Interest of personnel ANS: A The “I” stands for intervention of interest, meaning what the nurse hopes to use in practice and believes is worthwhile or valuable. This could be a treatment for a specific type of wound or an approach on how to teach food preparation for a patient with impaired sight. DIF: Cognitive Level: Remembering OBJ: NCLEX: Safe and Effective Care Environment TOP: Nursing Process: Implementation 4. Who will the clinical research nurse contact to search relevant databases in preparation for an upcoming study? a. The physician whose patients may be involved in the study b. The medical librarian c. The nurse manager of the unit where the study will be conducted d. The director of nursing of the facility ANS: B The medical librarian is most knowledgeable regarding databases relevant to a study. The other individuals do not have the knowledge regarding relevant databases. DIF: Cognitive Level: Understanding OBJ: NCLEX: Safe and Effective Care Environment TOP: Nursing Process: Implementation 5. Which database contains summaries of clinical guidelines and their development? a. MEDLINE b. CINAHL c. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews d. The National Guideline Clearinghouse ANS: D The National Guideline Clearinghouse is a database supported by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. It contains summaries of clinical guidelines for practice. MEDLINE is a database for studies in medicNine, nursing, dentistry, psychiatry, veterinary medicine, and allied health. CINAHL (Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature) includes studies in nursing, allied health, and biomedicine. The Cochrane Database Full text of regularly updated systematic reviews prepared by the Cochrane Collaboration includes completed reviews and protocols. DIF: Cognitive Level: Remembering OBJ: NCLEX: Safe and Effective Care Environment TOP: Nursing Process: Implementation [Show More]

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