*NURSING > QUESTIONS & ANSWERS > ATI MENTAL HEALTH PRACTICE TESTS –DETAILED GUIDE TO BEST EXAM SCORES QUESTIONS, ANSWERS AND RATION (All)

ATI MENTAL HEALTH PRACTICE TESTS –DETAILED GUIDE TO BEST EXAM SCORES QUESTIONS, ANSWERS AND RATIONALES

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The nurse is caring for a client with schizophrenia. Which of the following outcomes is the least desirable? A) The client spends more time by himself B) The client doesn't engage in delusional th... inking C) The client doesn't harm himself or others D) The client demonstrates ability to meet his own self-care needs The client with schizophrenia is commonly socially isolated and withdrawn; therefore, having the client spend more time by himself wouldn't be a desirable outcome. Rather, a desirable outcome would specify that the client spend more time with other clients and staff on the unit. Delusions are false personal beliefs. Reducing or eliminating delusional thinking using talking therapy and antipsychotic medications would be a desirable outcome. Protecting the client and others from harm is a desirable client outcome achieved by close observation, removing any dangerous objects, and administering medications. Because the client with schizophrenia may have difficulty meeting his or her own self-care needs, fostering the ability to perform self-care independently is a desirable client outcome. The nurse formulates a nursing diagnosis of Impaired verbal communication for a client with schizotypal personality disorder. Based on this nursing diagnosis, which nursing intervention is most appropriate? A) Helping the client to participate in social interactions B) Establishing a one-on-one relationship with the client C) Establishing alternative forms of communication D) Allowing the client to decide when he wants to participate in verbal communication with the nurse By establishing a one-on-one relationship, the nurse helps the client learn how to interact with people in new situations. The other options are appropriate but should take place only after the nurse-client relationship is established. Since admission 4 days ago, a client has refused to take a shower, stating, "There are poison crystals hidden in the showerhead. They'll kill me if I take a shower." Which nursing action is most appropriate? A) Dismantling the showerhead and showing the client that there is nothing in it B) Explaining that other clients are complaining about the client's body odor C) Asking a security officer to assist in giving the client a shower D) Accepting these fears and allowing the client to take a sponge bath By acknowledging the client's fears, the nurse can arrange to meet the client's hygiene needs in another way. Because these fears are real to the client, providing a demonstration of reality (as in option A) wouldn't be effective at this time. Options B and C would violate the client's rights by shaming or embarrassing the client. Drug therapy with thioridazine (Mellaril) shouldn't exceed a daily dose of 800 mg to prevent which adverse reaction? A) Hypertension B) Respiratory arrest C) Tourette Syndrome D) Retinal pigmentation Retinal pigmentation may occur if the thioridazine dosage exceeds 800 mg per day. The other options don't occur as a result of exceeding this dose. A client with paranoid personality disorder is admitted to a psychiatric facility. Which remark by the nurse would best establish rapport and encourage the client to confide in the nurse? A) "I get upset once in a while, too." B) "I know just how you feel. I'd feel the same way in your situation." C) "I worry, too, when I think people are talking about me." D) "At times, it's normal not to trust anyone." Sharing a benign, nonthreatening, personal fact or feeling helps the nurse establish rapport and encourages the client to confide in the nurse. The nurse can't know how the client feels. Telling the client otherwise, as in option B, would justify the suspicions of a paranoid client; furthermore, the client relies on the nurse to interpret reality. Option C is incorrect because it focuses on the nurse's feelings, not the client's. Option D wouldn't help establish rapport or encourage the client to confide in the nurse. How soon after chlorpromazine (Thorazine) administration should the nurse expect to see a client's delusional thoughts and hallucinations eliminated? A) Several minutes B) Several hours C) Several days D) Several weeks Although most phenothiazines produce some effects within minutes to hours, their antipsychotic effects may take several weeks to appear. A client is about to be discharged with a prescription for the antipsychotic agent haloperidol (Haldol), 10 mg by mouth twice per day. During a discharge teaching session, the nurse should provide which instruction to the client? A) Take the medication 1 hour before a meal. B) Decrease the dosage if signs of illness decrease C)Apply a sunscreen before being exposed to the sun. D) Increase the dosage up to 50 mg twice per day if signs of illness don't decrease. Because haloperidol can cause photosensitivity and precipitate severe sunburn, the nurse should instruct the client to apply a sunscreen before exposure to the sun. The nurse also should teach the client to take haloperidol with meals — not 1 hour before — and should instruct the client not to decrease or increase the dosage unless the physician orders it. A client with paranoid schizophrenia repeatedly uses profanity during an activity therapy session. Which response by the nurse would be most appropriate? A) "Your behavior won't be tolerated. Go to your room immediately." B) "You're just doing this to get back at me for making you come to therapy." C) "Your cursing is interrupting the activity. Take time out in your room for 10 minutes." D) "I'm disappointed in you. You can't control yourself even for a few minutes." .................................................................................................................................................................................................................CONTINUED [Show More]

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