Health Care > EXAM > MSN 571 Pharmacology Exam 1 Practice Questions& Answers; Guaranteed A+Guide; Latest Updated (All)

MSN 571 Pharmacology Exam 1 Practice Questions& Answers; Guaranteed A+Guide; Latest Updated

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A patient diagnosed with chronic pain calls to request an oxycodone (Oxycontin) refill. Which action should the prescriber take initially? (Correct Ans - Arrange to schedule an appointment with the ... patient. A metered-dose albuterol inhaler is prescribed for asthma management. The patient reports feeling jittery sometimes when taking the medication, and does not feel that the medication is always effective. Which action will the provider take to best minimize patient risks and maximize medication effectiveness? (Correct Ans - Auscultate the patient's lung sounds and obtain other relevant vital signs. A patient is prescribed metronidazole for bacterial vaginosis. Which patient history finding would be most concerning to the provider? (Correct Ans - The patient drinks two glasses of wine every night. The provider prepares a patient with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes for hospital discharge. Which action by the provider will best support the patient's ability to effectively manage medication therapy? (Correct Ans - Asking the patient to demonstrate how to measure and administer insulin A patient reports that a medication prescribed for recurrent migraine headaches is not working. Which action is the prescriber's priority when addressing the patient's concern? (Correct Ans - Ask the patient about the number and frequency of tablets taken. The drug manual states that older adult patients are at increased risk for hepatotoxicity. Which action is most important when prescribing this medication to an 80-year-old patient? (Correct Ans - Obtaining baseline liver function studies A patient with bipolar disorder is prescribed daily lithium. Which action is most important for the provider to take in order to determine if the therapeutic level is maintained? (Correct Ans - Order periodic laboratory testing. Which factor best supports an increase for full prescriptive authority for both advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs) and physician assistants (PAs)? (Correct Ans - More patients will have access to health care. A pediatric patient prescribed ampicillin for streptococcal pharyngitis reports new onset of a pruritic, dull red, maculopapular rash on the chest and neck. Which action is most important for the provider to take to minimize this patient's risk for injury? (Correct Ans - Discontinue the ampicillin. Which prescriber action will have the greatest impact on the patient's commitment to adherence to any type of medication therapy? (Correct Ans - Providing medication education that the patient can easily understand Which patient statement suggests to the provider that the patient's nonadherence with their medication plan is related to dissatisfaction with the therapy? (Correct Ans - "I've been taking this medication for well over a week and I lost only a half a pound." How can the prescriber's regular collaboration with a pharmacist improve positive outcomes for patients? (Correct Ans - Pharmacists have additional information on drug interactions. The pharmacist can suggest adequate medication dosing. Pharmacists have firsthand knowledge of the facility formulary. Which statements made by the prescriber demonstrate an understanding of effective medication education? (Correct Ans - "This medication needs to be stored in the refrigerator. "Take 3 tablets daily: 1 with breakfast, 1 with lunch, and one with dinner." "You need to take the medication as we discussed until all the tablets are gone." "Call the office immediately if you begin experiencing any itching, headache, or difficulty breathing." The patient who has been prescribed lithium for a diagnosis of bipolar disorder asks why blood tests are required on a regular basis. Which provider responses demonstrate an understanding of why the patient requires a variety of laboratory tests? (Correct Ans - "We need to monitor how your thyroid is functioning." "We need to monitor kidney function while you are on this drug. This medication can cause you to lose sodium, so we need to measure sodium levels." When prescribing lovastatin, what will a provider advise to decrease the risk of developing muscle toxicity? (Correct Ans - Substitute grapefruit juice with orange juice When prescribing drugs with a narrow therapeutic index, what intervention does the provider take to decrease risk to the patient? (Correct Ans - Monitor the patient's plasma drug levels at regular intervals. A patient reports that a medication no longer effectively alleviates symptoms. What process informs the provider's response to the patient's concerns? (Correct Ans - Desensitization of receptor sites results from continual exposure to the drug. A patient reports that Brand X tablets work faster than Brand Y tablets of the same amount of the same drug. Which statement informs the prescriber's response when explaining this phenomenon to the patient? (Correct Ans - Inactive ingredients used in composition can result in differing rates of dissolution, which can alter the drug's onset of action. [Show More]

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