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PARAMEDIC FISDAP FINAL EXAM LATEST PAPER Questions with Answers (2022)A protocol that is a written document signed by the EMS system's medical director that outlines specific directions, permissions, ... and sometimes prohibitions regarding patient care that is rendered prior to contacting medical control. – Standing order If a paramedic transports a patient without the patient's consent or uses restraints in a wrongful manner – False Imprisonment A treatment plan developed for a specific illness or injury. – Protocol If you must deviate from your protocols because of unusual circumstances, you should FIRST: - Notify Medical Control HIPPA mandates that: - Patient information shall not be shared with entities or persons not involved in the care of the patient. HIPPA Defined: - a. The first standards established to protect the confidentiality of a patient's health information. b. Medical information can be disclosed only if it is necessary for a patient's treatment or for payment. c. Special situations such as dog bites, gunshot wounds, and abuse require the release of patient information without the patient's consent. According to HIPAA, it is acceptable and permissible for hospitals to: - share information with the EMS providers about patient outcome for purposes of quality assurance and education. Wheezing that is resolved with administration of bronchodilator medication was probably caused by? – constriction of smooth muscles Wheezing is resolved with medications that? – Relax the smooth muscle of the bronchiole Difficulty with exhalation is MOST characteristic of: - obstructive lung disease COPD: Emphysema: - Characterized by distention of the alveoli and destructive changes in the lungs. COPD: Chronic Bronchitis: - Defined as sputum production most days of month for 3 or more months out of year for more than 2 years. Will rarely have normal oxygen saturation; (maybe less than 90%). May have another condition, including respiratory conditions A 66-year-old man with chronic bronchitis presents with severe respiratory distress. The patient's wife tells you that he takes medications for high blood pressure and bronchitis, is on home oxygen therapy, and has recently been taking an over-the-counter antitussive. She further tells you that he has not been compliant with his oxygen therapy. Auscultation of his lungs reveals diffuse rhonchi. What is the MOST likely cause of this patient's respiratory distress? – Recent antitussive use A 76-year-old woman with emphysema presents with respiratory distress that has worsened progressively over the past 2 days. She is breathing through pursed lips and has a prolonged expiratory phase and an oxygen saturation of 76%. She is on home oxygen at 2 L/min. Your initial action should be to? – place her in a position that facilitates breathing. Common clinical findings in patients with obstructive lung disease include all of the following, EXCEPT: - a decreased expiratory phase Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by: - changes in pulmonary structure and function that are progressive and irreversible The hypoxic drive is a phenomenon in which – bicarbonate ions migrate into the cerebrospinal fluid of a chronically hypoventilating patient, making the brain think that acid and base are in balance Pulmonary Embolism Characteristics – Sudden dyspnea & cyanosis, and perhaps, a sharp pain in the chest. A hallmark of pulmonary embolism is that the cyanosis does not resolve with oxygen therapy. You are dispatched to a residence for a young woman with difficulty breathing. When you arrive, you find the patient sitting in a tripod position, noticeably dyspneic and tachypneic. She tells you that she experienced a sudden sharp pain to the left side of her chest and then started having trouble breathing. She denies any past medical history and states that she only takes birth control pills. Based on this patient's clinical presentation, you should be MOST suspicious for: - acute pulmonary embolism One of the hallmarks of a pulmonary embolism is: - cyanosis that does not resolve with oxygen therapy. Paradoxial Respiratory Movement is – the inward movement of a segment of the chest during inhalation and a outward movement of the chest during exhalation, opposite normal chest movement and a indication of flail chest. Paradoxical respiratory movement is characterized by: - the epigastrium and thorax moving in opposite directions Cor pulmonale is defined as: - right heart failure secondary to chronic lung disease Right Side Heart Failure Characteristics: . – (pg. 1020)-Distention with external jugular veins, Serum forced out producing edema (feet and/or lower back), right upper quadrant swelling (hepatomegaly, eg. Liver), abdominal distention, (eg, Ascites),end enspiratory crackles, a progressive increase in dyspnea over several days, greater than usual fluid intake, and improper use of diuretics An elderly woman with COPD presents with peripheral edema. The patient is conscious but agitated. She is breathing with slight difficulty but has adequate tidal volume. During your assessment, you note that her jugular veins engorge when you apply pressure to her right upper abdominal quadrant. She tells you that she takes a "water pill" and Vasotec for high blood pressure. You should: - suspect acute right heart failure and administer oxygen. Hepatomegaly and jugular venous distention are MOST suggestive of: - right heart failure The movement of a solute from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration is called: - diffusion Osmosis occurs when: - water moves from an area of lower solute concentration to an area of higher solute concentration. What is filtration? . – Filtration is a process within the body, similar to osmosis that is used to redistribute water and other particles. High pressure to low pressure Any cell that ingests microorganisms or other cells is called a: - phagocyte Phagocytosis is the process by which: - monocytes digest microbes Group of cells make up _______________? – Tissues Which of the following structures comprise different types of tissues that work together to perform a particular function? – Organs The middle muscular layer of the heart is called the: - myocardium Which layer of the heart would be penetrated during an emergent medical procedure in order to remove fluid? – Pericardium The thick fibrous membrane that surrounds the heart is called the: - pericardium The most inferior portion of the heart is called the: - apex 3 layers of the Heart wall – inner-indocardium mid-myocardium out-pericardium The __________ represents the end of ventricular depolarization and the beginning of repolarization. – J point The Q-T interval would MOST likely be prolonged in patients: - Who are hypocalcemia The atrioventricular valves of the heart include the: - tricuspid and mitral What prevents the backflow of blood during ventricular contraction? – Atrioventricular valve Cardiac output is dependent upon: - stroke volume and heart rate. know about cardiac out put: - the amount of blood pumped out by either ventricle, normal 5-6 L/M Changes in cardiac contractility may be induced by medications that have a positive or negative ___ effect. – Inotropic The Mitral Valve is: - [Show More]

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