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ATI RN MEDSURG 2019 PROCTORED EXAM

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1. The nurse is preparing the discontinue long term TPN therapy for a client. The nurse should plan to discontinue the TPN gradually to reduce the risk of which of the following adverse effects? a. H... yperglycemia b. Diarrhea c. Constipation d. Hypoglycemia- You taper it off to avoid this!!! Rationale PDF p.298: Never abruptly stop TPN. Speeding up/slowing down the rate is contraindicated. An abrupt rate change can alter blood glucose levels significantly. Rationale PDF nutrition p.58: don’t discontinue abruptly, must taper to prevent rebound hypoglycemia 2. A nurse is preparing a client for an ECG. The client is anxious and says that he is afraid the equipment will give him an electric shock. Which of the following is an appropriate response by the nurse? a. The machine only senses and records electrical currents coming from your heart – pg.170 ➢ Electrocardiography uses an electrocardiograph to record the electrical activity of the heart over time. b. The lead wires and cables are insulated for your safety c. The electrode pads will prevent the conduction of electricity to your skin d. The machine voltage delivery is low enough that you won’t feel any discomfort 3. A nurse is caring for client who has hypertension and has a new prescription for lisinopril. The nurse should consult with the provider about which of the following medications in the client’s medication administration record? a. Potassium chloride b. Levothyroxine c. Acetaminophen d. Metformin 4. A nurse is administering furosemide 80 mg PO twice daily to a client who has pulmonary edema. Which of the following assessment findings indicates to the nurse that the medication is effective? a. Elevation in blood pressure b. Adventitious breath sounds c. Weight loss of 1.8 kg (4 lb) in the past 24 hr d. Respiratory rate of 24/min 5. Couldn't paste the picture on here. But it asked where u can hear pericardial friction rub the best at… Erb’s Point (3rd Intercostal, Central) 6. A nurse is completing discharge teaching with a client who has a new diagnosis of AIDS. Which of the following statements by the nurse indicates an understanding of the teaching? a. I will increase the amount of fresh veggies b. I will wipe up areas soiled with body fluids with alcohol and immediately dispose of the trash c. I will need to take my clothes to the dry cleaners to sterilize them d. I will be sure to wear gloves and wash my hands when I change my cat’s litter box 7. A nurse is performing a venipuncture on an older adult client whose veins are difficult. Which of the following actions should the nurse take? a. Apply cool compresses b. Elevate the client’s extremity using a pillow c. Tap the skin around the insertion site d. Raise the angle of the catheter to 30 degrees above the insertion site 8. A nurse is caring for a client in the ER following a myocardial infarction. which of the following actions should the nurse anticipate if the client develops asystole? a. Administer atropine b. Defibrillate with 200 joules c. Starts a continuous lidocaine infusion d. Begin CPR – first line of medical management is CPR and ACLS. 9. A nurse is caring for a client with severe burn injury. The nurse should recognize which of the following client findings as an indication of hypovolemic shock? a. Potassium 5.2 mEq/L b. Capillary refill 1.5 seconds c. Urine output 45 mL/hr ................................................................CONTINUED [Show More]

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