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ATI Fundamentals Proctored Exam Study Set with complete solutions

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A nurse is caring for a client who has brain cancer and is transferring to hospice care. The client's son tells the nurse "I don't know what to tell my dad if he asks how he is going to die". Which of... the following is an appropriate response from the nurse? a. "lets discuss your concerns about your father," or anything along those lines that is therapeutic. a. "lets talk more about your dad's condition," or anything along those lines that is therapeutic. A nurse is conducting a Webber test on a client. Which of the following is an appropriate action for the nurse to take? a.Place an activated tuning fork in the middle of the client's head a.Place an activated tuning fork in the middle of the client's head A nurse is caring for a client who has influenza and isolation precautions in place. Which of the following actions should the nurse take to prevent the spread of infection? a. Wear a mask when working within 3 feet of the client a. Wear a mask when working within 3 feet of the client A nurse is preparing to transfer a client who is partially weight bearing from the bed to a chair. Which of the following action should the nursea. A. Have the client bear weight on her stronger leg A. Have the client bear weight on her stronger leg A nurse is teaching a newly licensed nurse about the care of a client who hasmethicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection. Which of the following statements by the newly licensed nurse indicates an understanding of the teaching? a. I will wear an N95 respirator mask when caring for the client b. I will tell the clients visitors to wear a mask when they are within 3 feet of the client. c. I will place the client in a private room d. I will remove my gown before my gloves after providing client care. C A charge nurse in a long term care facility is preparing an educational program about delirium for newly hired nurses. Which of the following statements should the nurse plan to include? A. Delirium has an abrupt onset A. A nurse is completing discharge teaching about ostomy care with a client who has a new stoma. Which of the following instructions should the nurse include in the teaching? (select all that apply) a. "Cut the opening of the pouch 1⁄8 of an inch larger than the stoma "b. "Place a piece a gauze over the stoma while changing the pouch" c. "Use povidone-iodine to clean around the stoma" d. "Empty the ostomy pouch when it becomes one-third full of contents" e. expect the stoma to turn a purple-blue color as its heals" a, b, c, d A nurse is preparing to obtain informed consent from a client who speaks a different language than the nurse. Which of the following actions should the nurse take? a. "Request that an assistive personnel interpret the information for the client" b. "Use proper medical terms when giving information to the client" c. "Offer written information in the client's language" d. "Avoid using gestures when speaking to the client" C A nurse is teaching a client about home care equipment. Which of the following information should the nurse include in the teaching? (select all that apply) a. "Avoid using wool blankets when receiving oxygen" b. check the O2 delivery rate at least once a day c. align the middle of the ball in the flow meter with the line of the prescribed flow rate d. "Keep the oxygen delivery system 0.6 m (2 feet) from any heat source"e. "Lay the oxygen tank flat when storing" a, b, c A nurse is planning care for a client who reports insomnia. Which of the following actions should the nurse perform shortly before bedtime? a. Provide a late supper. b. Offer a wet washcloth for the client to wash her face c. Perform range-of-motion exercises d. Prepare hot cocoa or tea for the client A A nurse on a medical-surgical unit is receiving a change-of-shift report for four clients. Which of the following clients should the nurse see first? a. A client who has acute abdominal pain of 4 on a scale from 0 to 10 b. A client who has pneumonia and an oxygen saturation of 96% c. A client who has new onset of dyspnea 24hr after a total hip arthroplasty • d. A client whohas a urinary tract infection and low-grade fever C A nurse is reviewing a client's intake and output and notes the following: 0.9% sodium chloride 600mL IV infusion, cefazolin 250 mg in dextrose 5% in water 100mL intermittent IV bolus, 200mL emesis, 40mL voided urine, and 20mL urine from straight catheterization. The nurse should record the client's net fluid intake as how many mL? (Round the answer to the nearest whole number. Use a leading zero if it applies. Do not use a trailing zero.)DOSAGE CALCULATION 700 mL A nurse is discussing incident reports with a group of newly licensed nurses. The nurse should include that which if the following requires the completion of an incident report? a. A client's prescribed laboratory testing was not obtained b. A client withdrew consent for a procedure c. An oncoming nurse arrived to work late d. A nurse transfused a unit of packed RBCs in 2 hr. A A nurse is caring for a client who has a new prescription for negative-pressure therapy for a chronic wound. The nurse is unfamiliar with the procedure. Which of the following resources should the nurse consult to learn more about the intervention. a. The client's plan of care b. The nurse practice act c. The material safety data sheet d. The policy and procedure manual D A nurse is performing postural drainage with percussion and vibration for a client who has cystic fibrosis. Which of the following actions should the nurse take? a. Cover the area of percussion with a towel. b. Instruct the client to exhale quickly during vibration c. Schedule postural drainage after meals d. Perform percussion over the lower back D A nurse is preparing to administer diphenhydramine 20 mg orally to a 6-year-old child who has difficulty swallowing pills. Available is diphenhydramine 12.5mg/5ml oral syrup. Which of the following images indicates the correct number of mL the nurse should administer? (round answer to the nearest whole number.)DOSAGE CALCULATION 8 mL A nurse is admitting a client who is malnourished. The client states, "My wedding ring is loose and I'm worried I will lose it if it falls off."Which of the following is an appropriate response by the nurse?a. " I will place it in your drawer so it won't get lost." b. I can pin it to your hospital gown so you won't lose it." c. "I will hold onto it until a family member can take it home." d. I can put it in a locked storage unit for you D To ensure client safety, a nurse manager is planning to observe a newly licensed nurse perform a straight catheterization on a client. In which of the following roles is the nurse manager functioning? a. Case manager b. Client educator c. Client care provider d. Client advocate D client tells the nurse" I am looking forward to seeing my grandchildren grow up." the nurse should identify the client is experiencing which of the following stages of grief? a. Acceptance b. Bargaining c. Anger d. Denial d A Nurse on a medical-surgical unit is providing care for four clients. The nurse should identify which of the following situations as an ethical dilemma? a. A surgeon who removed the wrong kidney during a surgical procedure refuses to take responsibility for her actions b. A client who has Crohn's disease reports that his prescription drug plan will not pay for his medications. c. A client who has a new colostomy refuses to take instructions from the ostomy therapist because she "doesn't like him." d. the family of a client who has a terminal illness asks the provider not to tell the client the diagnosis D A nurse is teaching a client about performing breast self-examinations. Which of the following statements by the clients indicates an understanding of the teaching? a. "I should perform my self-exam the week that my period starts" b. "I should make different patterns on each breast when I do my self-exam." c. "I should use the palm of my hand to apply pressure to each breast." d. "I should make circular motions with my fingertips under my arms." D A nurse is caring for a client following a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The client has a prescription for ondansetron 4mg IV bolus every 6hr PRN for nausea and vomiting. Identify the sequence of steps the nurse should follow to administer the medication. ( Move the steps into the box on the right, placing them in the order of performance. Use all the steps.) - Select the injection port of the IV tubing closest to the client. - Cleanse the injection port with an antiseptic swab .- Aspirate for blood return. - Inject the medication. - perform hand hygiene 1. perform hand hygiene 2. select the injection port of the IV tubing closest to the client 3. cleanse the injection port with an antiseptic swab 4. aspirate for blood return 5. inject the medication A nurse is teaching a client who has diabetes mellitus about mixing regular and NPH insulin.Which of the following statements but the client indicates an understanding of the teaching a. I should wait 3 minutes after mixing the insulin to inject it b. I should draw up the NPH insulin before regular insulin c. I should inject air into the vial of regular insulin first d. I should roll the vial of NPH insulin between my hands before drawing it up d A nurse is assessing the body temperature of an adult client using a temporal artery thermometer. Which of the following actions should the nurse take? (Select all that apply) a. Slide the probe across the clients forehead b. Pull the clients pinna up & back c. Hold the client's hair aside while performing the procedure d. Document the client's temperature with "AX" next to the value e. Move the probe in a circular motion A, C A nurse is preparing to insert a peripheral IV catheter into the client's arm. Which of the following actions should the nurse take to help dilate the vein? a. Stroke the skin near the vein in an upward position b. Dangle the client's arm over the edge of the bed c. Apply a cool compress to the vein for 10 min d. Instruct the client to flex their arm with the hand open B A nurse is preparing to suction a client's tracheostomy tube. Which of the following actions should the nurse plan to take? a. Apply intermittent suction during catheter insertion b. Suction the client's airway for 20 seconds with each pass c. Hyperoxygenate the client manually for 30 to 60 seconds before suctioning d. decrease suction pressure to 150 mm Hg if the O2 sat levels drop during suctioning A A nurse is assessing a client who received morphine for severe pain 30 mins ago. Which of the following finding is the nurse's priority? a. Last bowel movement was 3 days ago b. Reports pain of 8 on a scale of 0 to 10 c. Distended bladder d. Respiratory rate 7/min D A nurse enters the room of a client who has a seizure disorder. The client is sitting in a chair and begins to experience a seizure. Which of the following actions should the nurse take first? a. Move items in the room away from the client b. Turn the client onto their side c. Help the client lie on the floor d. Loosen the client's clothing c A nurse is testing a client for conduction deafness by performing Weber's test. Which of the following actions should the nurse take when performing this test? a. Move a vibrating tuning form in front of the client's ear canals one after the other b. Place the base of a vibrating tuning fork on the client's mastoid process c. Place the base of a vibrating tuning fork on the top of the client's head d. Count how many seconds a client can hear a tuning fork after it has been struck c A nurse is obtaining the medication history of a client who asks about taking ginkgo biloba. The nurse should identify which of the following medications can interact adversely with this supplement? a. Warfarin b. Albuterol c. Levothyroxine d. Atorvastatin A A nurse is obtaining informed consent from a client who is scheduled for surgery. The client states, "I don't want to go through with the procedure." Which of the following actions should the nurse take? a. Discuss alternative treatments with the client b. Explain to the client the risks involved with not having the procedure c. Express approval of the client's decision to not have the procedure d. Document the client's decision in the medical record D A nurse is providing teaching to a client about reducing the adverse effects of immobility. Which of the following statements by the client indicates an understanding of the teaching? a. " I will have my partner help me change position every 4 hours" b. " I will remove my antiembolic stockings while I am in bed" c." I will hold my breath when rising from a sitting position" d." I will perform ankle and knee exercises everyhour." D A nurse is caring for a client who is postoperative and has a new prescription to advance her diet to full to full liquids. Which of the following foods should the nurse offer the client as a part of a full liquid diet? a. Oatmeal b. Applesauce c. Scrambled eggs d. Plain Yogurt d A nurse is preparing a client who has terminal cancer for discharge. Which of the following questions should the nurse ask when assessing the client's psychosocial history? a. " What medications are you currently taking?" b." Are you experiencing any Pain?" c. " Have any of your relatives been diagnosed with cancer?" d. " What Techniques do you use to cope with stress?" d A nurse is performing a skin assessment on an older adult client. Which of the following findings should the nurse expect? a. Thickened outer layer of skin b. Increased skin elasticity c. Reduced sweat production d. Increased Production of oils c A nurse is preparing to obtain a health history from a client. Which of the following actions should the nurse take? a. Use the client's first name when initially meeting the client. b. Tell the client the purpose for collecting the information. c. Explain to the client the necessity of full disclosure of information. d. Avoid documenting direct quotes from the client as part of subjective data. b A Nurse is preparing to administer several medications to a client. Which of the following data should the nurse plan to use to confirm the client's identity? a. The client's room number b. The client's admitting diagnosis c. The name of the client's next of kind. d. The client's telephone number d A nurse is caring for a client who is prescribed a special diet. The client is concerned that he does not have the resources to purchase the food he needs to adhere to the diet at home. The nurse should notify which of the following members of the health care team. a. Social worker b. Occupational therapist c. Registered Dietician d. Primary care provider a A nurse is teaching a newly licensed nurse about the care of a client who has a methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection. Which of the following statements by newly licensed nurse indicates an understanding of the teaching? a. " I will place the client in a Private room." b. " I will remove my gown before my gloves after providing client care." c. " I will wear an N95 respirator mask when caring for the client." d. " I will tell the client's visitors to wear a mask when they are within 3 feet of the client." A A nurse is planning care for a client who reports having a latex allergy. Which of the following interventions should the nurse include in the plan? a. Cover the blood pressure cuff with a stockinette. b. Wear powdered gloves when providing care to the client. c. Apply adhesive tape when securing an IV insertion site. d. Use plastic syringes for medication administration. a A nurse is caring for a client who is scheduled for surgery. While the nurse is witnessing the client's signature, the client states, " I trust my doctor, but I don't understand what is meant by resecting my intestines." Which of the following actions should the nurse take? a. Describe the surgery to the client. b. Notify the Provider. c. Complete an incident report d. Provide brochures about the procedure. b A nurse is documenting client care. Which of the following abbreviations should the nurse use? a. " SQ" for subcutaneous b. "SS" for sliding scale c. "BRP" for bathroom privileges d. "OJ" for orange juice c A nurse is preparing to bathe a client who has dementia. Which of the following actions should the nurse take? a. Give detailed instructions for the client to follow. b. Complete the bath even if the client is in distress. c. Use distractions when bathing the client. d. Allow the client to select the temperature of the bath water. c A nurse receives a telephone prescription from a provider for a client who is experiencing pain. Which of the following responses should the nurse make? a. " Will you please spell the name of that medication for me?" b. "Let me clarify that you want the medication given qid, correct?" c. " I will sign my name now and leave a space for you to sign your name." d. "Let me provide you with the client's medical record number for identification." a During change of shift report, a nurse discovers she overlooked a prescription for a type and cross-match of a client who is to have surgery the next day. Which of the following actions should the nurse take first? a. Inform the provider of the delay in obtaining the type and cross-match. b. Obtain the client's type and cross-match. c. Prepare an incident report for risk management. d. Document the incident in the client's medical record. a A Nurse is caring for client who has pneumonia. The nurse should recognize which of the following should be discarded in a biohazard bag? a. An emesis basin filled with blood from severe coughing b. A bedpan containing diarrhea from a client who was receiving antibiotics c. A disposable tissue containing expectorated sputum d. A calibrated toilet insert filled with urine. a b [Show More]

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