*NURSING > EXAM > NURS 6501N - 13 Advanced Pathophysiology Week 3 Quiz GradeAplus (All)

NURS 6501N - 13 Advanced Pathophysiology Week 3 Quiz GradeAplus

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1. A 15-year-old male is brought to the ER for treatment of injuries received in a motor vehicle accident. An MRI reveals spinal cord injury, and his body temperature fluctuates markedly. The most a... ccurate explanation of this phenomenon is that: 2. An initial assessment finding associated with acute spinal cord injury is_____ the injury. 3. A 69-year-old male with a history of alcohol abuse presents to the emergency room (ER) after a month-long episode of headaches and confusion. Based on his alcoholism, a likely cause of his neurologic symptoms is: 4. A 30-year-old female had a seizure that stated her fingers and progressively spread up her arm and then extended to her leg, with no loss of consciousness. How should the nurse chart this? 5. A 15-year-old male was struck by a motor vehicle and suffered a traumatic brain injury. Paramedics found him unconscious at the scene of the accident. During the ambulance ride, the regained consciousness and was able to maintain a conversation with the medical staff. Upon arrival to the hospital, he was alert and oriented. Physical exam reveals confusion and impaired responsiveness. What is the probable nature of his brain injury based on this history? 6. A child presents to his primary care provider with disorientation, delirium, aggressiveness, and stupor. His parents report that he was recently ill with an upper respiratory infection, which they treated with aspirin. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis? 7. A 15-month-old child from Pennsylvania was brought to the ER for fever, seizure activity, cranial palsies, and paralysis. Which of the following diagnosis will be documented in the chart? 8. Which finding indicates the patient is having complications from heat stroke? 9. Parents of a 3-month-old infant bring him to the emergency room (ER) after he had a seizure. He has muscle rigidity, and the parents report they are of Jewish ancestry. For what genetic disease should this infant be screened? 10. A 60-year-old female with a recent history of head trauma and a long-term history of hypertension presents to the ER for changes in mental status. MRI reveals that she had a hemorrhagic stroke. What does the nurse suspect caused this type of stroke? 11. A 16-year-old male took a recreational drug that altered his level of arousal. Physical exam revealed a negative Babinski sign, equal and reactive pupils, and roving eye movements. Which of the following diagnosis with the nurse most likely see on the chart? 12. A 65-year-old male recently suffered a cerebral vascular accident. His is now unable to recognize and identify objects by touch because of injury to the sensory cortex. How should the nurse document this finding? 13. A 50-year-old male suffers a severe head injury when his motorcycle hits a tree. His breathing becomes deep and rapid but with normal pattern. What term should the nurse use for this condition? 14. A 40-year-old male complains of uncontrolled excessive movement and progressive dysfunction of intellectual and thought processes. He is experiencing movement problems that begin in the face and arms that eventually affect the entire body. The most likely diagnosis is: 15. A nurse thinks a patient may be experiencing dementia. Which assessment finding will most help support this diagnosis? 16. Which system modulates a patient’s perception of pain? 17. A nurse should document on the chart that chronic pain is occurring when the patient reports the pain has lasted longer than: 18. A patient with an addiction to alcohol checked into a rehabilitation center. He experiences delirium, inability to concentrate, and is easily distracted. From which of the following is the most likely suffering? 19. A 23-year-old female beings having problems with tiredness, weakness, and visual changes. Her diagnosis is multiple sclerosis (MS). What is occurring in the patient’s body? 20. A patient has memory loss of events that occurred before a head injury. What cognitive disorder does the nurse suspect the patient is experiencing? 21. When planning care for a child in pain, which principle should the nurse remember? The pain threshold in children is _____ that of adults 22. A 72-year-old male demonstrates left-sided weakness of upper and lower extremities. The symptoms lasted 24 hours and resolve with no evidence of infarction. The patient is most likely experienced a(n): 23. When a patient has a fever, which of the following thermoregulatory mechanisms is activated? 24. A 33-year-old male is brought to the ER for treatment of injuries received in a motor vehicle accident. An MRI reveals an injury of the cervical cord. Cord swelling in this region may be life threatening because: 25. A teenage boy sustains a severe closed head injury following an all-terrain vehicle (ATV) accident. He is in a state of deep sleep that requires vigorous stimulation to elicit eye opening. How should the nurse document this in the chart? [Show More]

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