ENG115 UNIT 2; Milestone 2 With Answers and Rationale 1. Choose the sentence that does NOT contain any pronoun errors. • The group consisted of April, Bjorn, and I. • All students must br... ing his own lunch on the field trip. • Neither the supervisor nor the employees filled out their timesheets correctly. • The team and her went out to celebrate after winning the game. 2. Choose the pronoun that agrees with its antecedent to complete the following sentence. If anyone wants to volunteer for the highway clean-up next month, __________ should sign up this week. • they • we • you • he or she 3. Jill is revising her essay on hippies in California in the 1960s. Choose one task that Jill may perform while revising. • Add a transition between paragraphs to improve the essay's flow • Ensure that all of her sentences are complete and grammatically correct • Delete a body paragraph that doesn't support her thesis • Correct verb tense and pronoun agreement errors 4. Refer to the model essay titled "Contrasting the Northern and Southern Colonies." Select the option that reflects one point of comparison demonstrated in the essay. • Conversely, the South was colonized primarily for freedom of economic activity. Thus, Land owners controlled the laws of the South making it impossible for lower class citizens to participate in government. • In contrast, the South’s economy centered on cash crops, plantation farming, and cotton trade. • Both of these colonies were ruled by England and were settled by individuals who primarily came to the New World from England. • The social order in the south, on the other hand, revolved around plantations and the culture was primarily organized around wealthy landowners and the elite class of white males. 5. Select the option about thesis statements that is TRUE. • Once a thesis statement is drafted, it should not be revised. • A thesis statement should be written broadly to avoid redundancy with respect to the body of the essay. • A thesis statement should always be the first sentence of an essay. • A thesis statement can anchor the essay and keep the writing process on track. 6. Select the activity that is NOT required for an academic essay. • Miguel constructs a thesis statement that conveys the main idea of his essay. • Marta incorporates evidence from outside sources in her essay. • Samuel writes body paragraphs that support his thesis statement. • Rachel writes a conclusion paragraph for her essay. 7. Choose the false statement about using an outline while drafting. • An outline can be a useful tool for a writer to overcome writer's block. • Using an outline can help a writer prevent plagiarism in his/her essay. • An outline can help a writer as he/she moves between brainstorming and drafting an essay. • An outline and draft should remain focused on the writer's introductory paragraph. 8. Curt must submit a written report to his boss by the end of the day. He put off writing it for too long and now has very little time to finish it. The pressure is getting to him; looking at the clock only increases his anxiety. Curt sighs and reviews what he has written. What is one strategy Curt can use to begin writing again? • Write nonsense until the words begin to make sense • Write the same word over and over until he can focus again • Revise what he has written to generate new ideas • Start over from the beginning while he still has time 9. Steve is revising his essay. He checks the relevance of his thesis, his use of transitions, and if he has presented his ideas and paragraphs in a logical order. Steve is revising for __________. • mechanics • clarity • focus • structure 10. Choose the statement that would be the most effective hook in an introduction to an essay about potato farming in the U.S. • "Potato farming is a large industry in the United States." • "Potatoes have long been a staple in the American diet." • "The average American eats 140 pounds of potatoes every year, but the average European eats twice that amount." • "The United States produces hundreds of varieties of potatoes for consumption on a yearly basis." 11. In Maya's conclusion to her essay about housing costs in Venice, she summarizes her main points and also identifies broader issues related to her topic, without going into detail about them. Which approach has Maya used in her conclusion? • expansion • hybrid • summary • rhetorical 12. All of the following are elements to consider when looking at the "big picture" of an essay except __________. • using an outline to check the essay's overall structure • evaluating the use of transitions throughout the essay • ensuring that each body paragraph covers only one claim or idea • reviewing to ensure cohesion and unity in the flow of ideas 13. Choose the version of the sentence that has correct and consistent verb tense. • Anna was hired at a prestigious law firm and six months later won the lottery, which makes her question what she really wants to do with her life. • Anna is hired at a prestigious law firm and six months later wins the lottery, which makes her question what she really wanted to do with her life. • Anna is hired at a prestigious law firm and six months later wins the lottery, which made her question what she really wants to do with her life. • Anna was hired by a prestigious law firm and won the lottery six months later, which made her question what she wanted to do with her life. 14. Asking "So what?" can help writers to focus their __________. • topic • thesis • introductory paragraph • hook 15. Select the TRUE statement about the outline below. • Introduction + thesis statement • Geographic range of black bears • Diet of black bears • Appearance of black bears • Geographic range of brown bears • Diet of brown bears • Appearance of brown bears • Conclusion • The writer is planning to convince readers that black bears are superior to brown bears. • The outline is organized using the point-by-point method. • The writer has not presented enough points of comparison/contrast in this outline. • The writer has organized the content using the block method. 16. Which of these is NOT a goal of brainstorming? • to find a manageable and focused topic • to generate ideas for a piece of writing • to find evidence to support the essay's claims • to clarify thinking about a particular topic 17 In addition to asking questions, a writer can think about __________ to narrow a working thesis statement. • who the unintended audience may be • other related topics • the goal of the essay • types of sources that may be available 17. For a two- to three-page informative essay, which topic is neither too narrow nor too broad, but is appropriate? • The biosphere of the Arctic • Last year's polar bear population count • Survey of complete animal populations in the Arctic • Land predators of the Arctic . 18. Choose the true statement about writing a comparison/contrast essay • There are two primary methods in which to organize a comparison/contrast essay. • Most comparison/contrast essays will contain two body paragraphs. • A good comparison/contrast essay should entertain readers by telling a story using the first person point-of-view. • The author's goal in a comparison/contrast essay is always to convince the reader that one subject is superior to the other. 19. Anita is editing her rough draft of a story. She frowns at the following sentences: "The group decided to work together collaboratively. They scheduled a meeting for 2:00 PM in the afternoon the following day at the library. Their presentation was shorter in length than expected, so they needed to add more information." Anita needs to edit her sentences for __________. • redundancy • grammatical errors • passive voice construction • connotation 21 Choose the sentence that correctly uses they're, their, and there. • Fibi and Shawn told us that they're going to Italy next month. I have never been their and wish I could join them on there vacation. • Fibi and Shawn told us that they're going to Italy next month. I have never been there, and wish I could join them on their vacation. • Fibi and Shawn told us that there going to Italy next month. I have never been their and wish I could join them on they're vacation. • Fibi and Shawn told us that their going to Italy next month. I have never been they're and wish I could join them on their vacation. 22 Choose the sentence that has NO errors in subject-verb agreement. • Margarita, Carlos, and Angelica are cousins. • All the leaves in my yard needs to be raked. • The powerful vacuum cleaner terrify my two dogs. • That painting, along with most modern art, confuse me. 23 Choose the change that corrects the subject-verb agreement error in this sentence: Kendall and Katie likes to go to the movies on Sunday afternoons. • change "go" to "goes" • change "likes" to "like" • change "likes" to "has liked" • change "go" to "went" 24 Malia creates a list of ideas she wants to incorporate in her essay. She is in the __________ stage of the writing process. • prewriting • revising • proofreading • drafting 25 Victor writes the following topic sentence: Anyone who has been bitten by a fire ant knows how that little creature got its name. Which of the following sentences is NOT relevant to Victor's topic sentence? • Fire ants attach themselves to their victim and can inject their venom over and over. • Worker ants only live for about a year, but queens can live for up to 20 years. • The initial bite is sharp, but the pain and itching can last for several days. • For some people, the bites turn into large, raised bumps that are extremely painful. CONCEPT Paragraphs and Topic Sentences I need help with this question Choose the option that correctly places the modifier, "the deer leapt onto the road." • When the deer leapt onto the road, Ellen swerved and almost crashed her car. • Ellen, swerving as the deer leapt onto the road, almost crashed her car. • Ellen almost swerved and crashed her car when the deer leapt onto the road. • Ellen almost crashed her car when she swerved as the deer leapt onto the road. 27 Which of the following is NOT included in an outline during prewriting? • a working thesis statement • a fully written introductory paragraph • the organizational plan for the essay • the main ideas that will be discussed 28 Choose the sentence that reflects a writer's awareness of context in the rhetorical situation. • Ophelia asks herself what she wants her audience to know after reading her essay. • Hannah uses academic language and high-level vocabulary in her speech to the scientists. • Doug decides that his letter to the gun lobby will be most powerful in the wake of the latest mass shooting. • Derek considers the mental processes that led him to the idea for his novel. 29 Choose the statement about a five-paragraph essay that is FALSE. • It is rarely used by advanced writers because it can limit depth and nuance. • It can be a useful form to master, especially for the purpose of timed writing. • It typically includes an introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion. • It provides a lot of room for flexibility and creativity. 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